Han Myeonghoe

  (Redirected from Han Myung-hoi)

Han Myeong-hoe (Korean: 한명회, Hanja: 韓明澮, 26 November 1415 – 28 November 1487) was a politician and soldier during the Joseon period of Korea. His nicknames were "Apgujeong" (압구정, 狎鷗亭), "Apgu" (압구, 狎鷗), and "Saudang" (사우당, 四友堂).

Han Myeong-hoe
한명회
Chief State Councillor
In office
4 February 1469 – 27 September 1469
Preceded byPark Won-hyeong
Succeeded byHong Yun-seong
In office
26 November 1466 – 9 May 1467
Preceded byGu Chi-gwan
Succeeded byHwang Su-sin
Left State Councillor
In office
30 May 1474 – 22 April 1476
Preceded byChoe Hang
Succeeded byCho Seok-mun
In office
11 October 1463 – 30 March 1464
Preceded byKwon Ram
Succeeded byGu Chi-gwan
Right State Councillor
In office
17 June 1462 – 11 October 1463
Preceded byKwon Ram
Succeeded byGu Chi-gwan
Personal details
Born(1415-11-26)26 November 1415
Died28 November 1487(1487-11-28) (aged 72)
Korean name
Hangul
한명회
Hanja
韓明澮
Revised RomanizationHan Myeonghoe
McCune–ReischauerHan Myŏnghoe
Pen name
Hangul
압구정 or 압구 or 사우당
Hanja
狎鷗亭 or 狎鷗 or 四友堂
Revised RomanizationApgujeong or Apgu or Saudang
McCune–ReischauerApkujŏng or Apku or Saudang
Courtesy name
Hangul
자준
Hanja
子濬
Revised RomanizationJajun
McCune–ReischauerChajun
Posthumous name
Hangul
충성
Hanja
忠成
Revised RomanizationChungseong
McCune–ReischauerCh'ungsŏng

He was the most trusted tactician of Grand Prince Suyang during the 1453 coup and the subsequent events that resulted into Suyang becoming King Sejo of Joseon. He was enlisted as a first rank meritorious subject in 1453 (정난공신,靖難功臣)[1] and 1455 (좌익공신,佐翼功臣).[2] In 1460, his third daughter, Han Naeng-yi, married the Crown Prince Haeyang (the future King Yejong). In 1466-67, Han Myeong-hoe became the Chief State Councillor of Joseon and his youngest daughter married the Prince Jalsan (the future King Seongjong).

In 1468, Haeyang became Yejong, the 8th King of the Joseon Dynasty. Then Han Naeng-yi was posthumously elevated to the rank of Queen Jangsun and her father was reappointed Chief State Councillor. In 1469, when Yejong died, Han Myeong-hoe was instrumental in the decision to recuse both Yejong's son as too young and Jalsan's older brother as too weak. As a result, Jalsan was chosen to become King Seongjong, the 9th King of the Joseon Dynasty.

Han Myeong-hoe's signature

FamilyEdit

  • Great-Grandfather
    • Han Soo (한수, 韓脩) (1333 - 1384)
  • Great-Grandmother
    • Lady Kwon of the Andong Kwon clan (안동 권씨, 安東 權氏)
  • Grandfather
    • Han Sang-jil (한상질, 韓尙質) (1350? - 1400)
  • Grandmother
    • Lady Song of the Cheongpung Seong clan (청풍 송씨); Han Sang-jil’s second wife
  • Father
    • Han Gi (한기, 韓起) (1393 - 1429)
      • Aunt - Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)[3]
      • Uncle - Yun Geun (윤곤, 尹坤) (? - 11 March 1422)
        • Cousin - Yun Sam-San (1406 – 1457) (윤삼산, 尹三山)[4]
  • Mother
    • Lady Yi of the Yeoju Yi clan (증 정경부인 여주 이씨, 驪州李氏)
  • Brother
    • Younger brother: Han Myeong-jin (한명진, 韓明溍) (1426 - 1454)
      • Sister-in-law: Lady Kwon of the Andong Kwon clan (안동 권씨)[5]
        • Unnamed nephew
        • Niece - Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
  • Wife
    • Lady Hwangryeo of the Yeoheung Min clan (황려부부인 여흥 민씨, 黃驪府夫人 驪興 閔氏) (? - 1479/1490)[6][7]
      • Father-in-law: Min Dae-Saeng (1372 – 1467) (민대생, 閔大生)[8]
      • Mother-in-law: Lady Heo of the Yangcheon Heo clan (양천 허씨, 陽川 許氏)
  • Children
    • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
      • Son-in-law: Shin Ju (신주, 申澍) of the Goyreong Shin clan (고령 신씨, 高靈 申氏) (1434 - 21 February 1456)
        • Grandson: Shin Jong-heub (신종흡, 申從洽) (1454 - ?)
        • Grandson: Shin Jong-ok (신종옥, 申從沃) (1455 - ?)
        • Grandson: Shin Jong-ho (신종호, 申從濩) (1456 - ?)
    • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
      • Brother-in-law: Yun Ban (윤반, 尹磻) of the Papyeong Yun clan (파평 윤씨, 坡平 尹氏)[9][10]
    • Daughter: Han Naeng-yi (한냉이), Queen Jangsun of the Cheongju Han clan (장순왕후, 章順王后) (22 February 1445 - 5 January 1462)
      • Son-in-law: King Yejong (예종, 睿宗大王) (1450 - 1469)
        • Grandson: Yi Bun, Grand Prince Inseong (인성대군 분, 仁城大君 糞) (1461 - 1463)
    • Son: Han Bo (한보, 韓堡) (1447 - 1522)
      • Daughter-in-law: Lady Yi of the Hansan Yi clan (한산 이씨)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-gi (한경기, 韓景琦)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-jong (한경종, 韓景琮)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-chim (한경침, 韓景琛)
          • Granddaughter-in-law: Princess Gongshin (1481 - 1549); King Seongjong’s third daughter
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-hwan (한경환, 韓景環)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-sun (한경순, 韓景珣)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-ham (한경함, 韓景王/韓景咸)
    • Daughter: Han Song-yi (한송이, 韓松伊), Queen Gonghye of the Cheongju Han clan (공혜왕후, 恭惠王后) (8 November 1456 - 30 April 1474)
      • Son-in-law: King Seongjong (성종대왕, 成宗大王) (19 August 1457 - 19 January 1494)
  • Concubines
    • Lady Jeong of the Yeonil Jeong clan (연일 정씨)
      • Son: Han Bok (한복, 韓福)
        • Daughter-in-law: Lady Jang of the Heungdeok Jang clan (흥덕 장씨)
      • Son: Han Im (한임, 韓林)
        • Daughter-in-law: Lady Yi of the Jeonju Yi clan (전주 이씨)
      • Son: Han Soo (한수, 韓壽)
        • Daughter-in-law: Lady Kwon of the Andong Kwon clan (안동 권씨)
    • Lady Yi of the Jeonju Yi clan (전주 이씨)
      • Son: Han Mok (한목, 韓睦)
      • Son: Han Seok (한석, 韓碩)
      • Son: Han Seo (한서, 韓恕)
      • Son: Han Woo (한우, 韓佑)
      • Son: Han Eun (한온, 韓瘟)
      • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
        • Son-in-law: Kang Hui-geon (강희건, 姜希蹇)
      • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
        • Son-in-law: Shin Seung-seon (신승손, 申承孫)
      • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
        • Son-in-law: Hong Gab-saeng (홍갑생, 洪甲生)
    • Lady Jeong of the Yeonil Jeong clan (연일 정씨)
    • Lady Seong of the Changnyeong Seong clan (창녕 성씨)

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn?docId=109607&cid=41826&categoryId=41826
  2. ^ https://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn?docId=110962&cid=41826&categoryId=41826
  3. ^ Became the great-grandmother of Queen Jeonghyeon
  4. ^ Became the grandfather of Queen Jeonghyeon
  5. ^ Lady Kwon is the younger sister of Kwon Ram
  6. ^ Her uncle, Min So-saeng (민소생), is the maternal grandfather of Queen Jeongsun.
  7. ^ Lady Min is a cousin of Queen Jeongsun’s mother.
  8. ^ His the maternal uncle of Queen Jeongsun
  9. ^ Yun Ban is a first cousin once removed of Queen Jeonghyeon
  10. ^ He is the son of Princess Jeonghyeon and the grandson of King Sejong

External linksEdit