Han Myeong-hoe

Han Myeong-hoe (Hangul: 한명회, Hanja: 韓明澮; 26 November 1415 – 28 November 1487) was a Korean politician and soldier during the Joseon period.

Han Myeong-hoe
한명회
Chief State Councillor
In office
4 February 1469 – 27 September 1469
Appointed byKing Sejo
Preceded byPark Won-hyeong
Succeeded byHong Yun-seong
In office
26 November 1466 – 9 May 1467
Appointed byKing Yejong
Preceded byGu Chi-gwan
Succeeded byHwang Su-sin
Left State Councillor
In office
30 May 1474 – 22 April 1476
Appointed byKing Seongjong
Preceded byChoe Hang
Succeeded byCho Seok-mun
In office
11 October 1463 – 30 March 1464
Appointed byKing Sejo
Preceded byGwon Ram
Succeeded byGu Chi-gwan
Right State Councillor
In office
17 June 1462 – 11 October 1463
Appointed byKing Sejo
Preceded byGwon Ram
Succeeded byGu Chi-gwan
Personal details
Born(1415-11-26)26 November 1415
Kingdom of Joseon
Died28 November 1487(1487-11-28) (aged 72)
Kingdom of Joseon
Spouse(s)Lady Min of the Yeoheung Min clan
ChildrenQueen Jangsun
Queen Gonghye
Parent(s)
  • Han Gi (father)
  • Lady Yi of the Yeoju Yi clan (mother)
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationHan Myeonghoe
McCune–ReischauerHan Myŏnghoe
Pen name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationApgujeong or Apgu or Saudang
McCune–ReischauerApkujŏng or Apku or Saudang
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJajun
McCune–ReischauerChajun
Posthumous name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationChungseong
McCune–ReischauerCh'ungsŏng

He was the most trusted tactician of Grand Prince Suyang during the 1453 coup and the subsequent events that resulted into Suyang becoming King Sejo. He was listed as a first rank meritorious subject in 1453 (정난공신, 靖難功臣)[1] and in 1455 (좌익공신, 佐翼功臣).[2]

In 1460, his third daughter, Han Naeng-yi, married Crown Prince Haeyang (the future King Yejong).

Between 1466 – 1467, Han Myeong-hoe became the Chief State Councillor of Joseon, and his youngest daughter married Prince Jalsan (the future King Seongjong).

In 1468, Crown Prince Haeyang became Yejong, the 8th King of the Joseon Dynasty, and Han Myeong-hoe's daughter, Han Naeng-yi, was posthumously honoured Queen Jangsun and her father was reappointed Chief State Councillor.

In 1469, when Yejong died, Han Myeong-hoe was instrumental in the decision to recuse both Yejong's son as too young and Jalsan's older brother as too weak. As a result, Jalsan was chosen to become King Seongjong, the 9th King of the Joseon Dynasty, with Han Song-yi as Queen Consort (posthumously known as Queen Gonghye).

Han Myeong-hoe's signature

FamilyEdit

  • Great-grandfather
    • Han Soo (한수, 韓脩) (1333 – 1384)
  • Great-grandmother
    • Lady Gwon of the Andong Gwon clan (안동 권씨, 安東 權氏)
  • Grandfather
    • Han Sang-jil (한상질, 韓尙質) (1350 – 10 January 1400/1410)
  • Grandmother
    • Lady Seong of the Cheongpung Seong clan (청풍 송씨); Han Sang-jil’s second wife
  • Father
    • Han Gi (한기, 韓起) (1393 – 1429)
      • Aunt: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)[3]
      • Uncle: Yun Geun (윤곤, 尹坤) (? – 11 March 1422)
        • Cousin: Yun Sam-san (1406 – 1457) (윤삼산, 尹三山)[4]
          • Cousin-in-law: Lady Lee of the Goseong Lee clan (고성 이씨)[5]
            • First cousin-once-removed: Yun Ho (1424 – 9 April 1496) (윤호, 尹壕)
              • Cousin-in-law: Internal Princess Consort Yeonan of the Damyang Jeon clan (연안부부인 담양 전씨, 延安府夫人 潭陽 田氏) (1421 - 27 October 1496)
  • Mother
    • Lady Yi of the Yeoju Yi clan (여주 이씨, 驪州李氏)
      • Grandfather: Yi Cheok (이척, 李逖) (1370 – 1419)
      • Grandmother: Lady Park of the Suncheon Park clan (순천 박씨, 順天 朴氏)
  • Sibling(s)
    • Younger brother: Han Myeong-jin (한명진, 韓明溍) (1426 – 1454)
      • Sister-in-law: Lady Gwon of the Andong Gwon clan (안동 권씨)[6]
        • Unnamed nephew
        • Niece: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
  • Wife
    • Internal Princess Consort Hwangryeo of the Yeoheung Min clan (황려부부인 여흥 민씨, 黃驪府夫人 驪興 閔氏) (? – 1479/1490)[7][8]
      • Father-in-law: Min Dae-saeng (민대생, 閔大生) (1372 – 1467)[9]
      • Mother-in-law: Lady Heo of the Yangcheon Heo clan (양천 허씨, 陽川 許氏)
  • Children
    • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
      • Son-in-law: Shin Ju (신주 고령 신씨, 申澍 高靈 申氏) of the Goyreong Shin clan (1434 – 21 February 1456)[10]
        • Grandson: Shin Jong-heub (신종흡, 申從洽) (1454 – ?)
        • Grandson: Shin Jong-ok (신종옥, 申從沃) (1455 – ?)
        • Grandson: Shin Jong-ho (신종호, 申從濩) (1456 – ?)
          • Granddaughter-in-law: Princess Hyesuk (혜숙옹주, 惠淑翁主) (1478 – ?)[11]
    • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
      • Brother-in-law: Yun Ban (윤반 파평 윤씨, 尹磻 坡平 尹氏) of the Papyeong Yun clan[12][13]
    • Daughter: Han Naeng-yi (한냉이), Queen Jangsun of the Cheongju Han clan (장순왕후, 章順王后) (22 February 1445 – 5 January 1462)
      • Son-in-law: King Yejong of Joseon (조선 예종, 朝鮮b睿宗) (1450 – 1469)
        • Grandson: Yi Bun, Grand Prince Inseong (인성대군 분, 仁城大君 糞) (1461 – 1463)
    • Son: Han Bo (한보, 韓堡) (1447 – 1522)
      • Daughter-in-law: Lady Yi of the Hansan Yi clan (한산 이씨)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-gi (한경기, 韓景琦)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-jong (한경종, 韓景琮)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-chim (한경침, 韓景琛)
          • Granddaughter-in-law: Princess Gongshin (1481 – 1549)[14]
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-hwan (한경환, 韓景環)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-sun (한경순, 韓景珣)
        • Grandson: Han Gyeong-ham (한경함, 韓景王/韓景咸)
    • Daughter: Han Song-yi (한송이, 韓松伊), Queen Gonghye of the Cheongju Han clan (공혜왕후, 恭惠王后) (8 November 1456 – 30 April 1474)
  • Concubines
    • Lady Jeong of the Yeonil Jeong clan (연일 정씨)[15]
      • Son: Han Bok (한복, 韓福)
        • Daughter-in-law: Lady Jang of the Heungdeok Jang clan (흥덕 장씨)
      • Son: Han Im (한임, 韓林)
        • Daughter-in-law: Lady Yi of the Jeonju Yi clan (전주 이씨)
      • Son: Han Soo (한수, 韓壽)
        • Daughter-in-law: Lady Gwon of the Andong Gwon clan (안동 권씨)
    • Lady Yi of the Jeonju Yi clan (전주 이씨)
      • Son: Han Mok (한목, 韓睦)
      • Son: Han Seok (한석, 韓碩)
      • Son: Han Seo (한서, 韓恕)
      • Son: Han Woo (한우, 韓佑)
      • Son: Han Eun (한온, 韓瘟)
      • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
        • Son-in-law: Kang Hui-geon (강희건, 姜希蹇)
      • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
        • Son-in-law: Shin Seung-seon (신승손, 申承孫)
      • Daughter: Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (청주 한씨, 淸州 韓氏)
        • Son-in-law: Hong Gab-saeng (홍갑생, 洪甲生)
    • Lady Jeong of the Yeonil Jeong clan (연일 정씨)[16]
    • Lady Seong of the Changnyeong Seong clan (창녕 성씨)

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "정난공신".
  2. ^ "좌익공신".
  3. ^ Became the great-grandmother of Queen Jeonghyeon.
  4. ^ Became the grandfather of Queen Jeonghyeon
  5. ^ Her younger sister married Gwon Ram and became the sister-in-law to Queen Jeinwondeok, and the stepmother of Queen Dangyeong
  6. ^ Lady Gwon is the younger sister of Gwon Ram.
  7. ^ Her uncle, Min So-saeng (민소생), is the maternal grandfather of Queen Jeongsun.
  8. ^ Lady Min is a cousin of Queen Jeongsun’s mother.
  9. ^ He’s the maternal granduncle of Queen Jeongsun.
  10. ^ He is the eldest son of Shin Suk-ju.
  11. ^ Eldest daughter of King Seongjong.
  12. ^ Yun Ban is a first cousin once removed of Queen Jeonghyeon.
  13. ^ He is the son of Princess Jeonghyeon and the grandson of King Sejong.
  14. ^ King Seongjong’s third daughter.
  15. ^ She is the granddaughter of Jeong Mong-ju through his illegitimate son, Jeong Jong-hwa (정종화).
  16. ^ She is the granddaughter of Jeong Mong-ju through his first son, Jeong Jong-seong (정종성, 鄭宗誠) (1374 - 1442)

External linksEdit