Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant

Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant in Haiyang, Shandong province, China. It is the second site to house AP1000 units, after the Sanmen Nuclear Power Station.

Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant
CountryChina
LocationHaiyang, Yantai, Shandong
Coordinates36°42.5′N 121°23′E / 36.7083°N 121.383°E / 36.7083; 121.383Coordinates: 36°42.5′N 121°23′E / 36.7083°N 121.383°E / 36.7083; 121.383
StatusOperational
Construction began2009
Commission date2018
Owner(s)State Power Investment Corporation (SPIC)[1][2]
Operator(s)Shandong Nuclear Power[1][2]
(subsidiary of SPIC)[3]
Nuclear power station
Reactor typePWR
Reactor supplierWestinghouse
Cooling sourceYellow Sea
Thermal capacity2 × 3415 MWth
Power generation
Units operational2 × 1170 MW
Make and modelWestinghouse AP1000
Units planned6 × 1100 MW[4]
Nameplate capacity2340 MW
Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant
Simplified Chinese海阳核电站
Traditional Chinese海陽核電站

HistoryEdit

Groundbreaking happened one month ahead of schedule on July 30, 2008.[5] Construction of the first unit began in September 2009.[4] Civil construction of Unit 1 was completed 29 March 2013.[6] Fuel loading at Haiyang 1 began on June 22, 2018.[7] First grid connection was on 17 August 2018.[1] Unit 1 began commercial operation on 22 October 2018.[8]

Construction of unit 2 started in June 2010, at that time the fourth Chinese AP1000 project together with the two units of the Sanmen NPP.[9] Commercial operation began in January 2019, after having completed a full-power test run for a week (168 hours). Both units will provide together about 20 TWh of electricity to the grid of Shandong province.[10]

Reactor dataEdit

Unit Type /Model Net
power
Gross
power
Thermal
power
Construction
start
First
criticality
Grid
connection
Operation
start
Notes
Phase I
Haiyang 1 PWR / AP1000 1170 MW 1250 MW 3415 MW 2009-09-24 2018-08-08 2018-08-17 2018-10-22 [1]
Haiyang 2 PWR / AP1000 1170 MW 1250 MW 3415 MW 2010-06-20 2018-09-29 2018-10-13 2019-01-09 [2]
Phase II [11]: Nuclear reactors planned 
Haiyang 3 PWR / CAP1400
Haiyang 4 PWR / CAP1400
Phase III [11]: Nuclear power units proposed 
Haiyang 5 PWR / CAP1400
Haiyang 6 PWR / CAP1400
Haiyang 7 PWR / CAP1400
Haiyang 8 PWR / CAP1400

District HeatingEdit

In September 2020, the plant's owner and a thermal company instigated a plan to heat all of Haiyang city via heat exchange.[12] Two months later, 700,000 square meters of housing had been heated[13] and the project is en route for completion in its entirety in 2021. The switch to clean energy is expected to eliminate more than 60,000 tones of fossil fuel emissions[12] each year, and the corresponding reduction in air pollution is anticipated to save about 600 lives annually.[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d PRIS (2021-04-23). "HAIYANG-1". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  2. ^ a b c PRIS (2021-04-23). "HAIYANG-2". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  3. ^ 公司简介 [about us] (in Chinese). Shandong Nuclear Power. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Rapid start for Haiyang construction". World Nuclear News. 30 September 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
  5. ^ NucNet. Ground Broken At Site Of China’s Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine. July 30, 2008.
  6. ^ Deng Shasha (29 March 2013). "1st unit of Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant completes civil construction". Xinhaunet. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
  7. ^ "Chinese AP1000s pass commissioning milestones". www.world-nuclear-news.org. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Second AP1000 enters commercial operation". World Nuclear News. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  9. ^ "Construction underway at Haiyang 2". World Nuclear News. World Nuclear Association. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  10. ^ "Fourth Chinese AP1000 enters commercial operation". World Nuclear News. World Nuclear Association. 9 January 2019. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  11. ^ a b "Nuclear Power in China". Country Profiles. World Nuclear Association. April 2021. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  12. ^ a b "Haiyang begins commercial-scale district heat supply : New Nuclear - World Nuclear News". www.world-nuclear-news.org. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  13. ^ "Haiyang nuclear plant furthers nation's green push - Chinadaily.com.cn". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  14. ^ "What are the safest and cleanest sources of energy?". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2020-12-01.