Hadith of the ten with glad tidings of paradise
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The Islamic prophet, Muhammad, specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. Those companions named in this hadith are referred to as The Ten With Glad Tidings Of Paradise (Arabic: العشرة المبشرون بالجنة; al-`Asharaa al-Mubasharûn bi-l-Janna).
Narrated Abdur Rahman bin Awf that the Messenger of Allah said:
1 Abu Bakr is in Paradise, 2 Umar is in Paradise, 3 Uthman[disambiguation needed] is in Paradise, 4 Ali is in Paradise, 5 Talhah is in Paradise, 6 Az-Zubayr is in Paradise, 7 Abdur Rahman bin Awf is in Paradise, 8 Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, 9 Sa'id ibn Zayd is in Paradise, 10 Abu 'Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise.
Muslims put different weight on this hadith, the majority of the Sunnis, viewing it as very favourable whilst the Shiites dismissed it in its entirety. This hadith was narrated in three collections by Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, and Ibn Majah.
The Sunni collection of hadith, called the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections), includes: Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawood, Al-Sunan al-Sughra, Jami` at-Tirmidhi and Sunan ibn Majah. Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are considered the most reliable of these collections.
Sunnis say that Muhammad's companions were sorted into twelve groups and of these the ten promised paradise were ranked first.
Issues with the contentEdit
- The main problem with the content in the hadith is the difference between the persons whose names are mentioned in it. Some of them walked on completely opposite paths after the demise of the prophet which led to them drawing their swords against each other and even slaughter each other. For example, Talhah and Az-Zubair broke their allegiance after their allegiance to Imam Ali and were in the group called "Nakithin" and fought against him in a battle called Jamal. In this war, Talhah and a number of Muslims were killed.
- The text differs in different narrations. For example Abu 'Ubaydah is one of the ten persons in one narration. In Hakim Nayshaburi's narration the name of 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud has been mentioned instead of him. In Sunan Abi Dawud and Sunan ibn Majah the name of the two persons aren't mentioned, and instead of them the name of the Islamic prophet has been mentioned.
- "Hadith - Chapters on Virtues - Jami` at-Tirmidhi - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". sunnah.com. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
- "آیا روایت «عشره مبشره» (مژده بهشت به ده نفر از اصحاب پیامبر اسلام(ص)) صحیح است؟ - گنجینه پاسخها - اسلام کوئست - مرجعی برای پاسخگویی به سوالات دینی، اعتقادی و شرعی". www.islamquest.net. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
- "Companions of the Prophet". Al-Islam.org. 2013-01-09. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
- "العشرة المبشرة". ويكي شيعة (in Arabic). Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Muqaddimah Ibn al-Salah, pg. 160 Dar al-Ma’aarif edition; al-Tirmithi, under #3748; al-Tirmithi, Volume 5, Page 605, Hadith 3748; Abu Daoud, #4649 and #4650
- Twelve Ranks of the Companions Archived 2011-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
- Muhammad ibn 'Isa, al-Jami' al-Sahih, vol. 5, p. 647.
- Hakim Nayshaburi, al-Mustadrak 'ala al-Sahihain, vol. 3, p. 317.
- Sunan Abi Dawud, vol. 3 and 4, p. 401-402; Sunan Ibn Majah, vol. 1, p. 48.