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Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur

Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur (Punjabi, Urdu: گردوارا دربار صاحب کرتارپور‎), also called Kartarpur Sahib, is a gurdwara in Kartarpur, Narowal District, Pakistan.[1] It is built on the historic site where Guru Nanak settled and assembled the Sikh commune after his missionary travels. The present gurdwara is built on the site where Guru Nanak died,[2] on 22 September 1539.

Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur
ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕਰਤਾਰਪੁਰ
گردوارا دربار صاحب کرتارپور
Kartarpur Guru Nanak.jpg
Darbar Sahib, gurdwara commemorating Guru Nanak, in Kartarpur
Kartarpur and Dera Baba Nanak across the India–Pakistan border in Punjab
General information
Architectural styleSikh architecture
Town or cityKartarpur, Punjab
CountryPakistan Pakistan
Coordinates32°05′14″N 75°01′00″E / 32.08735°N 75.01658°E / 32.08735; 75.01658Coordinates: 32°05′14″N 75°01′00″E / 32.08735°N 75.01658°E / 32.08735; 75.01658

The gurdwara is also notable for its location near the border between Pakistan and India. The shrine is visible from the Indian side of the border.[3] Indian Sikhs gather in large numbers on bluffs to perform darshan, or sacred viewing of the site, from the Indian side of the border.[4]

Contents

LocationEdit

The Shrine is located by the River Ravi within a distance of four kilometres from the Dera Sahib railway station. The gurdwara is located very close to the border with India.

ShrineEdit

The present building was built in 1925 at a cost of Rs.1,35,600, donated by Sardar Bhupindar Singh, the Maharaja of Patiala.[5] It was repaired by the Government of Pakistan in 1995, and fully restored in 2004, incurring expenditure in crores of rupee.[citation needed] It has a spacious building. Its location beside a forest and river Ravi makes its care difficult.[citation needed]

SignificanceEdit

The gurdwara was built to commemorate the site where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, settled after his missionary work. He assembled a Sikh community there, and lived for 18 years until his death in 1539. The gurdwara is built where Guru Nanak is said to have died.[2]

According to Lahore-based art historian Fakr Syed Aijazuddin, the shrine houses the last copies of the original Guru Granth Sahib. A Sikh pilgrim remarked, "every step here reminds us of the Guru's life".[5] Indian Sikhs gather in large numbers on bluffs on the Indian side of the border to obtain darshan, or sacred viewing, of the site.[4]

In May 2017, the US-based NGO "EcoSikh" proposed establishment of a 100-acre "sacred forest" around the shrine.[6]

Proposals for visa-free accessEdit

As the shrine lies only 3 kilometers from the border with India, Pakistan in the year 2000 agreed to allow Sikh pilgrims from India to visit the shrine visa-free by constructing a bridge from the border to the shrine.[7][8][9]

In May 2017, Indian parliamentary standing committee members announced that no such corridor would be established, given the poor state of India-Pakistan relations.[10] Instead, it was said that the government of India might install four binoculars for viewing the site from Dera Baba Nanak situated close to the India–Pakistan border in the Gurdaspur district of the Indian state of Punjab.[4]

Hug diplomacyEdit

In August 2018, Tourism Minister of the Government of Punjab, Navjot Singh Sidhu was invited to the oath taking ceremony of his friend from cricketing days and newly elected prime minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan. After facing criticism for receiving a hug from General Qamar Javed Bajwa, Chief of the Pakistan Army, Sidhu claimed that Bajwa had assured him of opening the corridor before the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak.[11][12]. The call for a visa-free Kartarpur Sahib corridor is an old, strong, persistent demand from the Sikh community. The move was mooted first during the then Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s bus ride to Lahore in 1999, while Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf approved the idea in 2000, and issued various tenders for construction purposes.[13] India, however, maintained that the two-decade-old request has been lying pending with Pakistan. [14]

The Government of Pakistan in September 2018, unilaterally decided to open the corridor before the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak for visa-free entry of Indian Sikhs from India to Pakistan.[15] The step was welcomed by Sikh community across the world. After the corridor opening was confirmed by Pakistan's information minister Fawad Chaudhry, Navjot Singh Sidhu appreciated the friendly gesture of Imran Khan.[16]

The Government of India approved the building and development of Kartarpur corridor from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district to International India–Pakistan border. The long awaited Kartarpur Corridor is taking shape and has been termed a “Corridor of Peace. [17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Daily Times
  2. ^ a b Singh, H. S. (2000). The Encyclopedia of Sikhism. Hemkunt Press. ISBN 9788170103011. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  3. ^ "Pakistan 'blocks' darshan of Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib". Times of India. 26 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "MP wants Kartarpur Sahib corridor to be in Indo-Pak talks agenda". Times of India. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  5. ^ a b Suhasini Haidar, Time-travelling, on the corridor to Kartarpur shrine, The Hindu, 30 December 2018.
  6. ^ "'Sacred' forest mooted for Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib". Times of India. 9 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  7. ^ Accessed May 10, 2012 http://punjabnewsline.com/content/terisikhi-welcomes-pakistan-offer-open-kartarpur-sahib-corridor-sikh-pilgrims/21541
  8. ^ Accessed May 10, 2012 http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-06-27/chandigarh/28304424_1_gurdwara-kartarpur-sahib-indian-sikh-pakistan-government
  9. ^ http://kartarpur.com/15-11-2000.htm
  10. ^ "'Corridor connecting India with Kartarpur Sahib shrine in Pak ruled out'". Tribune India. 2 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  11. ^ Singh, Jupinderjit (23 Aug 2018). "Kartarpur corridor mission for 24 yrs, he now sees hope". Tribune India.
  12. ^ Singh, Rajmeet (22 Aug 2018). "Govt to approach PM on Kartarpur corridor". Tribune India.
  13. ^ Rizwan, Sheharyar (2018-09-18). "Footprints: The borders of man". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  14. ^ "Kartarpur corridor: Political expediency is forcing India into an epic blunder and handing Pakistan tactical leverage - Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  15. ^ "Sikhs to get visa-free access to Kartarpur Gurdwara, Pakistan".
  16. ^ "Sidhu thanks friend Imran for Kartarpur corridor announcement".
  17. ^ "Kartarpur Corridor - The Corridor of International Peace".

External linksEdit