Guise (French pronunciation: ​[ɡɥiz]; Dutch: Wieze) is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France. The city was the birthplace of the noble family of Guise, Dukes of Guise, who later became Princes of Joinville.

Guise
Dungeon and basse court of the Château de Guise
Dungeon and basse court of the Château de Guise
Coat of arms of Guise
Coat of arms
Location of Guise
Guise is located in France
Guise
Guise
Guise is located in Hauts-de-France
Guise
Guise
Coordinates: 49°54′03″N 3°37′42″E / 49.9008°N 3.6283°E / 49.9008; 3.6283Coordinates: 49°54′03″N 3°37′42″E / 49.9008°N 3.6283°E / 49.9008; 3.6283
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentAisne
ArrondissementVervins
CantonGuise
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Hugues Cochet[1]
Area
1
16.13 km2 (6.23 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
4,731
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
02361 /02120
Elevation91–157 m (299–515 ft)
(avg. 97 m or 318 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17933,085—    
18003,039−1.5%
18063,097+1.9%
18212,729−11.9%
18313,072+12.6%
18363,241+5.5%
18413,543+9.3%
18463,528−0.4%
18514,060+15.1%
18563,684−9.3%
18614,529+22.9%
18665,289+16.8%
18725,659+7.0%
18766,250+10.4%
18817,131+14.1%
18867,677+7.7%
18918,153+6.2%
18968,082−0.9%
YearPop.±%
19017,310−9.6%
19067,776+6.4%
19118,099+4.2%
19216,185−23.6%
19267,097+14.7%
19317,110+0.2%
19366,981−1.8%
19466,031−13.6%
19546,091+1.0%
19626,284+3.2%
19686,805+8.3%
19756,642−2.4%
19826,195−6.7%
19905,976−3.5%
19995,896−1.3%
20085,365−9.0%
20125,182−3.4%

SightsEdit

The remains of the medieval castle of Guise, the seat of the Dukes of Guise, is within the commune.

EconomyEdit

Guise is the agricultural centre of the northern area of Aisne.

MiscellaneousEdit

Guise was the birthplace of Camille Desmoulins (1760–1794), a journalist and politician who played an important part in the French Revolution, and that of Jeanne Macherez who was a heroine during the World War I.

 
Le Familistère de Guise

Over a period of 20 years, beginning about 1856, Jean-Baptiste Godin built the Familistery of Guise [fr; de; pt] (the Social Palace), an industrial and communal residential complex that was a separate community within Guise. It expressed many of his ideas about developing social sympathy through improved housing and services for workers and their families, influenced by the ideas of the philosopher Charles Fourier. In 1880 Godin created a cooperative association by which the workers owned and managed the complex. This continued until 1968.

On the 29th of August 1914 the Battle of St. Quentin (1914) was fought in and around the town. A memorial in Guise celebrates this event.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.