Großbeeren is a municipality in the district of Teltow-Fläming in the German state of Brandenburg.

Großbeeren
View from the Battle of Großbeeren Memorial Tower, north towards the village church. Berlin's skyline in the background.
View from the Battle of Großbeeren Memorial Tower, north towards the village church. Berlin's skyline in the background.
Coat of arms of Großbeeren
Location of Großbeeren within Teltow-Fläming district
Am MellenseeBaruth/MarkBlankenfelde-MahlowDahmeDahmetalGroßbeerenIhlowJüterbogLuckenwaldeLudwigsfeldeNiederer FlämingNiedergörsdorfNuthe-UrstromtalRangsdorfTrebbinZossenBrandenburgGroßbeeren in TF.png
About this image
Großbeeren is located in Germany
Großbeeren
Großbeeren
Großbeeren is located in Brandenburg
Großbeeren
Großbeeren
Coordinates: 52°21′16″N 13°18′22″E / 52.35444°N 13.30611°E / 52.35444; 13.30611Coordinates: 52°21′16″N 13°18′22″E / 52.35444°N 13.30611°E / 52.35444; 13.30611
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictTeltow-Fläming
Subdivisions7 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor (2018–26) Tobias Borstel[1] (SPD)
Area
 • Total51.89 km2 (20.03 sq mi)
Elevation
42 m (138 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total8,891
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
14979
Dialling codes033701
Vehicle registrationTF
Websitewww.grossbeeren.de

GeographyEdit

Located about 3 km south of Berlin's city limits. It includes the localities of Diedersdorf, Heinersdorf and Kleinbeeren.

DemographyEdit

Großbeeren: Population development
within the current boundaries (2020)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 1,953—    
1890 2,797+2.42%
1910 3,547+1.19%
1925 3,676+0.24%
1939 4,346+1.20%
1950 4,434+0.18%
1964 3,770−1.15%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 3,720−0.19%
1981 3,460−0.72%
1985 3,452−0.06%
1990 3,171−1.68%
1995 3,778+3.57%
2000 6,077+9.97%
2005 7,034+2.97%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2010 7,466+1.20%
2015 8,398+2.38%
2016 8,227−2.04%
2017 8,393+2.02%
2018 8,381−0.14%
2019 8,535+1.84%
2020 8,804+3.15%

HistoryEdit

 
Großbeeren memorial tower

Großbeeren was first mentioned in a 1271 deed. It was devastated in the Thirty Years' War and again in 1760, when Russian and Habsburg troops in the course of the Seven Years' War burnt down the church and several houses.

On 23 August 1813 the Sixth Coalition under Crown Prince Charles John of Sweden and General Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bülow defeated three corps of the Imperial French Army under Marshal Nicolas Oudinot in their advance on Berlin at the Battle of Großbeeren. A memorial tower in the village centre was erected on the hundredth anniversary in 1913. Furthermore, a fieldstone pyramid from 1906 on a pasture west of Großbeeren is dedicated to General von Bülow.

In September 1942 the Gestapo established a labour camp in Großbeeren, where at least 1197 forced labourers from Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Poland, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union were killed. Werner Seelenbinder was imprisoned here in 1943.

 
Church (by Schinkel)

Großbeeren shared its borders with the former West Berlin, and so during the period 1961-1990 it was separated from it by the Berlin Wall.

The municipality houses the Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops (IGZ) of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community.

TransportEdit

Großbeeren can be reached via the Bundesstraße 101 federal highway. It has also access to the Berlin–Halle railway. A large logistics complex serves for storage and distribution of goods addresses to Berlin.

PersonalitiesEdit

  • Johannes Reinhold (1897-1971), director of the Institute of Vegetable Production in Großbeeren
  • Helmut Barthel (born 1953), politician (SPD), lives in Großbeeren
  • Michael Richter (born 1954), politician (CDU) lives in Großbeeren

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landkreis Teltow-Fläming Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 4 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Flächen der kreisfreien Städte, Landkreise und Gemeinden im Land Brandenburg 2021" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2022.
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons