Great Synagogue (Zhovkva)

The Great Synagogue is a Jewish synagogue, located on Vulytsya Zaporizʹka , in Zhovkva (Zółkiew), in the Lviv Raion of Lviv Oblast, of Ukraine. It was built between 1692 and 1698 with a financial loan from King John III Sobieski, and was hence also known as the Sobieski Shul.[1]

Great Synagogue
Great Synagogue and Beit Midrash in Zhovkva,
between 1900 and 1925
RiteNusach Ashkenaz
Ecclesiastical or organisational statusSynagogue
StatusUnder restoration
LocationVulytsya Zaporizʹka, Zhovkva, Lviv Raion, Lviv Oblast 80300
Great Synagogue (Zhovkva) is located in Ukraine
Great Synagogue (Zhovkva)
Location of the synagogue in Ukraine
Geographic coordinates50°5′N 23°56′E / 50.083°N 23.933°E / 50.083; 23.933
Architect(s)Piotr Beber
(Ukrainian: Петер Бебер)
TypeSynagogue architecture
Funded byJohn III Sobieski
General contractorPetro Beber
Date established1624 (as a congregation)



As a fortress synagogue, the building's walls were 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) thick and it had a heavy door.[5]

The building's roof and most of its interior were destroyed during the Holocaust.[6] It was afterwards used as a warehouse. Partial rebuilding was carried out in 1955–1956 and 1992, but the synagogue has continued to deteriorate nonetheless.[1][6] It was included in the 2000 World Monuments Watch; and an approved restoration plan commenced from 2001.[6]

See also



  1. ^ a b c Zakaliuzna, Bozhena; Kerzhner, Anatoliy. "Zhovkva: Guidebook". Shtetl Routes. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  2. ^ Weiss, Aharon (2007). "Zholkva". In Berenbaum, Michael; Skolnik, Fred (eds.). Encyclopaedia Judaica (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference. ISBN 978-0-02-866097-4.
  3. ^ Boyko, O. (24 September 2011). "The synagogue in Zhovkva: history and architectural development" (PDF). Ukr.J.Phys.Opt. 12 (2). Lviv, Ukraine: Ukrzakhidproektrestavratsiya Institute: 18–46. Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  4. ^ Gąsiorowski, Stefan (2010). "Zhovkva". The YIVO Encyclopeida of Jews in Eastern Europe. Translated by Chaim Chernikov. YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  5. ^ Zakaliuzna, Bozhena (2013). "Zhovkva - Cultural Heritage Card". Shtetl Routes. European Routes of Jewish Heritage. Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  6. ^ a b c "Zhovkva Synagogue". World Monuments Fund. 2022. Retrieved 6 April 2022.