Open main menu

Gravesend railway station

  (Redirected from Gravesend station)

Coordinates: 51°26′28.74″N 0°22′0.09″E / 51.4413167°N 0.3666917°E / 51.4413167; 0.3666917

Gravesend National Rail
Gravesend Railway Station.jpg
A London St Pancras to Faversham class 395 high speed train arrives at Platform 2 Gravesend
Location
PlaceGravesend
Local authorityBorough of Gravesham
Grid referenceTQ645740
Operations
Station codeGRV
Managed bySoutheastern
Number of platforms3
DfT categoryC2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Decrease 2.616 million
– Interchange Increase 70,279
2014/15Increase 2.772 million
– Interchange Increase 71,578
2015/16Increase 2.932 million
– Interchange Increase 88,539
2016/17Increase 2.984 million
– Interchange Increase 0.114 million
2017/18Increase 2.989 million
– Interchange Increase 0.191 million
History
Key datesOpened 30 July 1849 (30 July 1849)
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Gravesend from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Auto-train for Allhallows-on-Sea in 1959
View of new footbridge and lifts at Gravesend Railway Station from Platform 2
Looking coast bound showing Platform 0 (far right), Platform 1 (right) and Platform 2 (left).
Coast bound view of Gravesend station from the new footbridge.

Gravesend railway station serves the town of Gravesend in north Kent, England. It is 23 miles 75 chains (38.5 km) down the line from London Charing Cross.

Train services are operated by Southeastern and Thameslink. As of the Christmas period 2013 a major overhaul of the lines and platforms changed the four line, two platform layout into a three line, three platform layout.

HistoryEdit

The first railway to arrive in Gravesend was the Gravesend & Rochester Railway (G&RR) who had purchased the Thames and Medway Canal and its tunnel between Strood and Higham. The G&RR ran the first train to the then terminus at Gravesend (adjacent to the Canal Basin) on 10 February 1845. On 30 July 1849 the line was extended to North Kent East Junction on the South Eastern Railway (SER) and thence to London Bridge.

There was a second Gravesend station (later known as Gravesend West Street then later still Gravesend West) opened by SER's rivals, London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR). It was the end of a branch off the LCDR's main line and it allowed access to Victoria. journey times were uncompetitive and when the two companies merged in 1899, the branch was soon relegated to a secondary line and closed in 1968. To differentiate from this other station Gravesend was named Gravesend Central for a long time.

High speed HS1 services to London St Pancras International were introduced in December 2009 and proved highly successful. The station is now seen as a major interchange for metro and high speed services. There is far greater customer patronage for high speed services to St Pancras from Gravesend in comparison to nearby Ebbsfleet International, where usage is considered modest at best. This might be due (in part) to the sizeable London-bound commuter population in and around Gravesham, as opposed to domestic passenger use at Ebbsfleet, from elsewhere in North West Kent. Additionally services between Maidstone West and London St Pancras have since been added to SouthEastern's High Speed route, which stop at Strood and Gravesend prior to joining the high speed lines at Ebbsfleet.

In 2013 a £19 million overhaul of the station, platforms and lines involved the demolition of a former water tank base on the southern platform of the station (Platform 1 at this time), the installation of a new lift/stair bridge complex towards the western end of the station, the removal of the early 20th century footbridge that spanned the lines close to the ticket halls and a major remodelling of the lines and platforms.[1]

The station's track layout was substantially altered in December 2013. This was primarily for extending the current platforms to accommodate 12 coach trains as opposed to the previous 10 coach limit. Platform 1 has been extended and converted to a London facing bay platform and renumbered as Platform '0'. A new single face central Platform 1 is located on the site of what was the former up 'through' road. Services from Medway and Faversham, including London bound high speed trains use this platform. This new platform has bi directional workings and capability. Platform 2 remained numbered as '2', however, it lost its turnback capability and thus caters solely for coast bound services. Services terminating at Gravesend from London Charing Cross or London Cannon Street stations terminate on Platform 0.

The previous historic but narrow central footbridge, has been replaced with a large sheltered bridge with lifts, at the London end of the station and serving all three platforms.

FutureEdit

In December 2008, the local authority for Gravesend (Gravesham Council), was formally requested by Crossrail and the Department for Transport, to sanction the revised Crossrail Safeguarding. This safeguarding provides for a potential service extension, from the current south of Thames terminus at Abbey Wood, to continue via the North Kent Line to Gravesend station. The Crossrail route extension from Abbey Wood to Gravesend and Hoo Junction, remains on statute. With current services from Gravesend to London Bridge, Waterloo East and London Charing Cross being supplemented by highspeed trains from the end of 2009 to St Pancras, the potential in having Crossrail services from central London, London Heathrow, Maidenhead and/or Reading, terminating at Gravesend, would not only raise the station to hub status but greatly contribute towards the town's regeneration.[citation needed]

ServicesEdit

The typical off-peak service from the station is:

Typical off-peak services are:

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Ebbsfleet International   Southeastern
High Speed 1
  Strood
Greenhithe   Southeastern
Victoria-Gravesend Line
  Terminus
Northfleet   Southeastern
Sidcup Line
 
  Thameslink
North Kent Line
  Higham
  Ferry services  
Tilbury Town
via Bus Link
  Gravesend - Tilbury Ferry   Terminus
Disused railways
Terminus   British Rail
Southern Region

Hoo Peninsula branch
  Uralite Halt
Northfleet   British Rail
Southern Region

North Kent Line
  Denton Halt
  British Rail
Southern Region

North Kent Line
  Milton Range
Halt
  British Rail
Southern Region

North Kent Line
  Hoo Junction
Staff Halt

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "High-speed trains start from Maidstone". Kent Messenger Group. Retrieved 23 May 2011.

External linksEdit