Graphic violence refers to the depiction of especially vivid, brutal and realistic acts of violence in visual media such as film, television, and video games. It may be real, simulated live action, or animated.

Intended limitedly for mature audiences, the "graphic" in graphic violence is a synonym for "explicit", referring to the clear and unabashed nature of the violence portrayed.

Subterms edit

Below are terms that categorized as or related to graphic violence.

Gore edit

The definition of gore, simply, a view of blood, or gruesomeness.[1][2] It's mostly associated with contents with extreme body destruction like work accident, mutilation, and zoosadism.

The term usually being used as the synonym of “graphic violence”, but some people or organizations separate the term “gore” and “graphic violence”. One example is Adobe Inc. The company separates the term “gore” and “graphic violence” for its publication service.[3] Another example is the news site The Verge. It separates the term “gore” and “violence” when reporting the LiveLeak's closure.[4]

The share of gore videos is mostly illegal.[5]

Hurtcore edit

Hurtcore, a portmanteau of the words “hardcore” and “hurt”, is a name given to a particularly extreme form of child pornography, usually involving degrading violence, bodily harm and murder relating to child sexual abuse.[6][7][8][9]

Graphic footage and documentary edit

Some documentary films or photos contain graphic violence. Example of graphic documentaries and footages are war and crime.[10][11] Unlike gore contents, sharing graphic documentary and footage is legal, although the publication of graphic footage and documentary caused debates and complaints.[12][13]

Media edit

Example of a drawing depicting graphic violence

Graphic violence generally consists of any clear and uncensored depiction of various violent acts. Commonly included depictions include murder, assault with a deadly weapon, accidents which result in death or severe injury, suicide, and torture. In all cases, it is the explicitness of the violence and the injury inflicted which results in it being labeled "graphic". In fictional depictions, appropriately realistic plot elements are usually included to heighten the sense of realism (i.e. blood effects, prop weapons, CGI). In order to qualify for the "graphic" designation, the violence depicted must generally be of a particularly unmitigated and unshielded nature; an example would be a video of a man being shot, bleeding from the wound, and crumpling to the ground.

Graphic violence arouses strong emotions, ranging from titillation and excitement to utter revulsion and even terror, depending on the mindset of the viewer and the method in which it is presented. A certain degree of graphic violence has become de rigueur in adult "action" genre, and it is presented in an amount and manner carefully deliberated to excite the emotions of the target demographic without inducing disgust or revulsion. Even more extreme and grotesque acts of graphic violence (generally revolving around mutilation) are often used in the horror genre in order to inspire even stronger emotions of fear and shock (which the viewing demographic would presumably be seeking).

It is a highly controversial topic. Many believe that exposure to graphic violence leads to desensitization to committing acts of violence in person. It has led to censorship in extreme cases, and regulation in others. One notable case was the creation of the US Entertainment Software Rating Board in 1994. Many nations now require varying degrees of approval from television, movie, and software rating boards before a work can be released to the public.

On the other hand, some critics claim that watching violent media content can be cathartic, providing "acceptable outlets for anti-social impulses".[14]

Film edit

The Saw horror franchise (props pictured) is notorious for its depictions of graphic violence.

Graphic violence is used frequently in horror, action, and crime films. Several of these films have been banned from certain countries for their violent content. Snuff films take horror to its furthest extreme as torture and murder are not simulated.

Violence in films is not an old topic, recently a study presented in an annual American Academy of Pediatrics conference showed that the "good guys" in superhero movies were on average more violent than the villains, potentially sending a strongly negative message to young viewers.[15]

News media edit

News media on television and online video frequently cover violent acts. The coverage may be preceded with a warning, stating that the footage may be disturbing to some viewers.

Sometimes graphic images are censored, by blurring or blocking a portion of the image, cutting the violent portions out of an image sequence or by removing certain portions of film footage from viewing.

Music videos edit

Graphic and gory violence has started appearing in music videos in recent times, an example being the controversial music video for the song "Rock DJ" by British rock vocalist Robbie Williams, which features self-mutilation. Another example of a music video containing strong violence is the music video for the song "Hurricane" by American rock band Thirty Seconds to Mars and "Happiness in Slavery" by American industrial rock group Nine Inch Nails. The music video for "Forced Gender Reassignment" by American deathgrind band Cattle Decapitation displays such intense graphic violence that it is not hosted by many popular video hosting sites like YouTube and Dailymotion and is only hosted by Vimeo.

Video games edit

Violent content has been a central part of video game controversy. Because violence in video games is interactive and not passive, critics such as Dave Grossman and Jack Thompson argue that violence in games hardens children to unethical acts, calling first-person shooter games "murder simulators", although no conclusive evidence has supported this belief.

An example is the display of "gibs" (short for giblets[16]), little bits or giant chunks of internal organs, flesh, and bone, when a character is killed.[17]

Internet edit

On the internet, several sites dedicated to recordings of real graphic violence, referred to as "gore", exist, such as and[18][19] Furthermore, many content-aggregator sites such as Reddit or imageboards and 4chan[citation needed] have their own subsites which are dedicated to or allow that kind of content. Some of those sites also require that gore material to be marked as it, often by the internet slang "NSFL" (shorthand for "not safe for life"). This kind of media might depict reality footage of war, car crashes and other accidents, decapitations, suicide, terrorism, murder, or executions.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Definition of GORE". 2024-01-14. Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  2. ^ "Gore Definition & Meaning | Britannica Dictionary". Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  3. ^ "Harmful Content: Violence and Gore". Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  4. ^ Vincent, James (2021-05-07). "LiveLeak, the internet's font of gore and violence, has shut down". The Verge. Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  5. ^ "Edmonton gore website owner sentenced for posting Magnotta video |". Global News. Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  6. ^ Daly, Max (19 February 2018). "Inside the Repulsive World of 'Hurtcore', the Worst Crimes Imaginable". Vice. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  7. ^ Johnston, Chris (14 May 2016). "Lux captured: The simple error that brought down the world's worst hurtcore paedophile". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  8. ^ Evans, Martin (7 February 2018). "GCHQ helped catch 'hurtcore' paedophile, Matthew Falder". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  9. ^ Evans, Robert (16 June 2015). "5 Things I Learned Infiltrating Deep Web Child Molesters". Archived from the original on 26 August 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  10. ^ Struck, Julia (2024-01-26). "GRAPHIC WARNING: Ukraine Releases Intense Close Combat Footage, Special Forces Take Out Russian Observation Post". Get the Latest Ukraine News Today - KyivPost. Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  11. ^ Vasquez, Lucio (2024-01-26). "Leaked videos appear to show excessive violence, abuse in the Harris County Jail". Houston Public Media. Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  12. ^ Fisher, Marc; Nix, Naomi (2023-05-15). "Raw videos of violent incidents in Texas rekindle debate about graphic images". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  13. ^ "Why Violent News Images Matter". TIME. 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2024-01-27.
  14. ^ Bruder, Margaret Ervin (1998). "Aestheticizing Violence, or How To Do Things with Style". Film Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington IN. Archived from the original on 2004-09-08. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
  15. ^ "Good Guys More Violent than Bad Ones in Superhero Films: Study". The News Tribe. November 3, 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  16. ^ "GameSpy: Modify - Issue 12: Half-Life 2 on Steroids - Page 1". 26 January 2006. Archived from the original on 25 January 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2008.
  17. ^ "PC Games Mailbag". 28 July 1999. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2008.
  18. ^ Minsky, Amy (16 October 2014). "Luka Magnotta's gore video: Why is the court seeing it?". Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  19. ^ Shivji, Salimah (16 October 2014). "Luka Magnotta trial: Jury watches 'infamous' video". Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.