Governorates of Iraq

Iraq consists of 19 governorates (Arabic: محافظة, romanizedmuḥāfażah; Sorani Kurdish: پارێزگا, romanized: parêzgeh), also known as "provinces". Per the Iraqi constitution, governorates can form an autonomous region.[1] Four governorates, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, Duhok, and Halabja, constitute the autonomous Kurdistan Region. Baghdad (which is the most populous) and Basra are the oldest standing provinces of Iraq. The second most-populous province, Ninawa (also called Nineveh) is in the upland and quite cool climate of the north-west.

Governorates of Iraq
المحافظات العراقية (Arabic)
پارێزگاکانی عێراق (Kurdish)
  • Also known as:
  • Muḥāfażah
    محافظة (Arabic)
    پارێزگا
The original 19 governorates
CategoryFederated state
LocationRepublic of Iraq
Number19 governorates
Populations108,974 (Halabja) – 8,126,755 (Baghdad)
Areas529 km2 (204.2 sq mi) (Baghdad) – 138,500 km2 (53,476 sq mi) (Al Anbar)
Government
Subdivisions
Numbered Map of Iraqi Governorates

Through early 2014, the Council of Ministers of the government of Iraq approved proposals to add the three newest governorates:[2]

Another proposal exists to add a 20th: Fallujah, from the relevant part of the Al Anbar.[2] This largely did not occur due to the ISIS insurgency. Following the defeat of ISIS in the Battle of Fallujah (2016), the proposal may resurface or Al-Anbar may remain undivided.

GovernoratesEdit

Governorates of Iraq
Governorate and a.k.a. in Kurdish where thus ISO-listed Postal
code
ISO
code
Total area
in miles2
Total area
in km2
Population
1 July 2018[6]
Population
Density
in miles
Population
Density
in km
Capital
Al-Anbar 31 AN 53,476 138,501 1,771,656 29.1 11.2 Ramadi
Babil 51 BB 1,976 5,603 2,065,042 921.4 324.9 Hillah
Baghdad 10 BG 1,759 4,555 8,126,755 4,620.09 1,548.8 Baghdad
Basra 61 BA 7,360 19,070 2,908,491 344.0 132.7 Basra
Dhi Qar 64 DQ 5,000 12,900 2,095,172 367.2 142.3 Nasiriyah
Al-Qādisiyyah 58 QA 3,148 8,153 1,291,048 360.3 139.1 Al Diwaniyah
Diyala 32 DI 6,828 17,685 1,637,226 211.3 81.6 Baqubah
Duhok (Dahūk) a.k.a. Dihok 42 DA 2,530 6,553 1,292,535 445.5 172.2 Duhok
Erbil (Arbīl) a.k.a. Hewlêr 44 AR 5,820 15,074 1,854,778 277.0 106.9 Erbîl
Halabja 46 1,180 3,060 108,974 285.5 110.1 Helebce
Karbala 56 KA 1,944 5,034 1,218,732 548.6 211.8 Karbala
Kirkuk 36 KI 3,737 9,679 1,597,876 373.4 144.1 Kirkuk
Maysan 62 MA 6,205 16,072 1,112,673 156.5 60.4 Amarah
Muthanna 66 MU 19,980 51,740 814,371 35.9 13.8 Samawah
Najaf 54 NA 11,129 28,824 1,471,592 115.5 44.5 Najaf
Ninawa 41 NI 14,410 37,323 3,729,998 226.9 87.6 Mosul
Salah Al-Din 34 SD 9,556 24,751 1,595,235 147.3 56.8 Tikrit
Sulaymaniyah a.k.a. Slêmanî 46 SU 6,573 17,023 2,053,305 285.8 110.3 Slêmanî
Wasit 52 WA 6,623 17,153 1,378,723 182.7 70.5 Kut

Former governoratesEdit

 
Iraqi governorates in 1990
Governorate Now part of
Mosul Ninawa Governorate
Duhok Governorate
Diwaniya Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate
Muthanna Governorate
Najaf Governorate
Dulaim (–1962)
Ramadi (1962–1976)
Al Anbar Governorate
Muntafiq (–1976) Dhi Qar Governorate
Amara (–1976) Maysan Governorate
Kut (–1976) Wasit Governorate
Baghdad Baghdad Governorate
Saladin Governorate
Kirkuk (–1976)
At-Ta'mim (1976–2006)
Kirkuk Governorate

Kuwait was annexed by Iraq in 1990 and then became Kuwait Governorate (1990–1991)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Iraq_2005.pdf?lang=en[bare URL PDF]
  2. ^ a b "Resolutions of Council of Ministers For Session No. 3 on 21/1/2014". 21 January 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Iraqi Council of Ministers approved new provinces of Tuz Xurmatu and Tal Afar". Kurd Net. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  4. ^ "KRG order turning Halabja into province sets off street celebrations". Rudaw. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Kurdistan Region President signs Halabja province directive". Kurdistan Region Presidency. 16 March 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Original PDF". dx.doi.org. doi:10.15438/rr.5.1.7. Retrieved 2021-05-10.