Governor of Balochistan, Pakistan

The Governor of Balochistan is the head of the provincial government in Balochistan, Pakistan. The post was established by President Yahya Khan on 1 July 1970, after the dissolution of West Pakistan province and the end of the One Unit system. Although the Governor is the head of the province on paper, it is largely a ceremonial position; and the main powers lie with the Chief Minister of Balochistan and Chief Secretary of Balochistan.

Governor of Balochistan
Coat of arms of Balochistan.svg
Flag of Balochistan.svg
Incumbent
Mir Jan Muhammad Khan Jamali
(Acting)

since 13 April 2022
StyleThe Honorable (formal)
Reports toPresident of Pakistan
ResidenceGovernor's House
SeatQuetta
NominatorPrime Minister of Pakistan
AppointerPresident of Pakistan
Term length5 years
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Pakistan
Formation1 July 1970; 52 years ago (1 July 1970)
First holderRiaz Hussain
Websitegovernorbalochistan.gov.pk

However, the powers of the governor have been vastly increased during periods of governor's rule, where the governor is provided the province's apex powers usually following the dissolution of the Provincial Assembly or the declaration of martial law. Officeholders charged with governor's rule were Akbar Bugti (1973-1974), Ahmad Yar Khan (1974-1977), Rahimuddin Khan (1977-1984), Amir-ul-Mulk Mengal (1999-2003), Zulfikar Ali Magsi (2008-2013), Muhammad Khan Achakzai (2013-2018).[1] and Amanullah Khan Yasinzai (2018-2021).

Governor's House in Quetta

As of July 2022, Mir Jan Muhammad Khan Jamali is serving as the acting governor of Balochistan after the resignation of Syed Zahoor Ahmad Agha on 13 April 2022.[2]

GovernmentEdit

The province was administered by a Chief Commissioner appointed by the Federal Government. Although there was no elected legislature the Chief Commissioner could consult the Shahi Jirga, an assembly of tribal leaders.

The province is composed of three groups of areas – the settled districts, the political agencies, and the tribal area. The settled areas were mainly the district around Quetta and Jaffarabad. The agencies were the Zhob agency to the north of Quetta and the Chagai agency to the west, which had a tenuous land link with the rest of the province. The tribal areas were the Bugti and Marri tribal agencies which would later become Provincially Administered Tribal Areas in the new Balochistan province.

No. Chief Commissioner of Balochistan[3] Tenure
1 Sir Geoffrey Prior 15 August 1947 – 3 October 1947
2 Sir Ambrose Dundas Flux Dundas 3 October 1947 – 8 April 1948
3 Cecil Arthur Grant Savidge 9 April 1948 – 18 January 1949
4 Sahibzada Mohammad Kursheed 19 January 1949 – 16 July 1949
5 Mian Aminuddin 16 July 1949 – 18 November 1952
6 Unknown 18 November 1952 – 13 February 1953
7 Qurban Ali Khan 13 February 1953 – 8 November 1954
8 Sardar Bahadur Khan 8 November 1954 – 19 July 1955
9 R.A.F. Hyride 19 July 1955 – 25 July 1955
10 R.A.M. Shaker 26 July 1955 – 14 October 1955
Province abolished 14 October 1955

see List of Chief Commissioners of Baluchistan

Governors of West PakistanEdit

No. Governor of West Pakistan[3] Portrait Tenure Party Background Form of Government
11 Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani 14 October 1955 – 27 August 1957 Muslim League Democratic government
12 Akhter Husain September 1957 – 12 April 1960 Independent Military government
13 Amir Mohammad Khan 12 April 1960 – 18 September 1966 Muslim League Military government / Civilian authority
14 General (retired) Muhammad Musa 18 September 1966 – 20 March 1969 Independent Civilian Authority
15 Yusuf Haroon 20 March 1969 – 25 March 1969 Civilian Government Civilian Authority
No. Martial Law Administrator Tenure Term Type of Government Service in effect
16 Lieutenant-General Attiqur Rahman (first term) 25 March 1969 – 29 August 1969 Military Government Pakistan Army
17 Lieutenant-General Tikka Khan 29 August 1969 – 1 September 1969 Military Government Pakistan Army
18 Air Marshal Nur Khan 1 September 1969 – 1 February 1970 Military Government Pakistan Air Force
(16) Lieutenant-General Attiqur Rahman (second term) 1 February 1970 – 1 July 1970 Military Government Pakistan Army

List of governors of BalochistanEdit

No. Portrait Governor Term start Term end Political affiliation
19 Riaz Hussain 1 July 1970 25 December 1971 Military
20   Nawab Ghous Bakhsh Raisani 26 December 1971 29 April 1972 Pakistan People's Party
21   Mir Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo 30 April 1972 14 February 1973 National Party (Pakistan)
22 Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti 15 February 1973 31 December 1973 Jamhoori Watan Party
23 Ahmad Yar Khan 1 January 1974 5 July 1977 Independent
24 Mir Khuda Bakhsh Marri 6 July 1977 18 September 1978 Independent
25   Rahimuddin Khan 19 September 1978 21 March 1984 Military
26 F. S. Lodhi 22 March 1984 7 July 1984 Military
27 Ghulam Ali Khetran 18 November 1984 30 December 1985 Military
28 Musa Khan 30 December 1985 12 March 1991 Independent
29 Gul Mohammad Khan Jogezai 13 July 1991 18 July 1993 Independent
30 Sardar Abdur Rahim Durrani 19 July 1993 18 May 1994 Independent
31 Imran Ullah Khan 19 May 1994 10 April 1997 Pakistan People's Party
32 Mian Gul Aurangzeb 22 April 1997 17 August 1999 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
33 Sayed Muhammad Fazal Agha 18 August 1999 12 October 1999 Independent
34 Sayed Muhammad Fazal Agha 12 October 1999 25 October 1999
35 Amir-ul-Mulk Mengal 25 October 1999 31 January 2003 Independent
36 Abdul Qadir Baloch 1 February 2003 10 August 2003 Independent
37 Owais Ahmed Ghani 11 August 2003 5 February 2008 Independent
38   Nawab Zulfikar Ali Magsi 28 February 2008 9 June 2013 Pakistan Peoples Party
39   Muhammad Khan Achakzai 14 June 2013 9 October 2018 Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party
40 Amanullah Khan Yasinzai 4 October 2018 7 July 2021 Independent
41 Syed Zahoor Ahmad Agha 9 July 2021 13 April 2022 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
42 Mir Jan Muhammad Khan Jamali (Acting) 13[citation needed] April 2022

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Butt, Qaisar; Zafar, Mohammad (2013-01-13). "Balochistan emergency: Governor's rule imposed". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
  2. ^ Shah, Syed Ali (2022-04-13). "Zahoor Ahmed Agha steps down as Balochistan governor". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2022-07-28.
  3. ^ a b "Pakistan Provinces". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2022-08-23.

External linksEdit