Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani

Nawab Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani (Urdu: مشتاق احمد گرمانی‎; 1905–1981) was a Pakistani politician who served as the Diwan of the Bahawalpur State. After the partition of India and the accession of Bahawalpur, he served as a 'Minister without Portfolio' in the central Government of Pakistan in charge Kashmir Affairs, and later as the Interior Minister of Pakistan and Governor of the 'One Unit' of West Pakistan.

Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani
Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani.jpg
1st Governor of West Pakistan
In office
14 October 1955 – 27 August 1957
PresidentIskander Mirza
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAkhter Husain
3rd Minister of Interior
In office
26 November 1951 – 24 October 1954
Prime MinisterKhawaja Nazimuddin
Mohammad Ali Bogra
Preceded byKhwaja Shahabuddin
Succeeded byIskander Mirza
Personal details
Kot Addu, Punjab, British India (present day Punjab, Pakistan)

Early lifeEdit

Mushtaq Ahmad Gurmani was born in well known landlord Gurmani family of village Thatha Gurmani in district Muzaffargarh, in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.


In his role as 'Minister without Portfolio' but in charge of Kashmir Affairs, he signed the Karachi Agreement of 1949 that established a ceasefire line between Pakistani and Indian areas of Kashmir, which later became known as the Line of Control. In 1951, he served as the Executive for Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas and also served as Interior Minister of Pakistan from 1951 till 1954.[1]

Between 1954 and 1957 he served as Governor of Punjab. In 1955, the post of Punjab Governor was abolished and Gurmani went on to become the first Governor of West Pakistan.[2] Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani belonged to the Gurmani Baloch tribe. After his death his family made a foundation called Gurmani Foundation which gave huge amount of one billion rupees in LUMS University Lahore for the establishment of new department named as Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani school of humanities and social sciences.


By himEdit

  • Kashmir, a survey, 1951.
  • Agricultural crisis in Pakistan, speeches, 1957.

About himEdit

  • Nawab Mian Mushtaq Ahmad Gurmani : some personal traits and leadership by S. Qalb-i-Abid, 2017.


  1. ^ Akhtar Balouch (16 October 2015). "The mystery that shrouds Liaquat Ali Khan's murder". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  2. ^ Provinces of Pakistan since 1947 - World Statesmen website
Political offices
Preceded by
Khwaja Shahabuddin
Interior Minister of Pakistan
1951 – 1954
Succeeded by
Iskander Mirza
Preceded by
Habib Ibrahim Rehmatullah
Governor of Punjab
1954 – 1955
Succeeded by
Part of West Pakistan
Preceded by
Office established
Governor of West Pakistan
1955 – 1957
Succeeded by
Akhter Husain