Government of the 26th Dáil

There were two Government of the 26th Dáil, which was elected at the 1989 general election on 15 June 1989. The 21st Government of Ireland (1989–92) was led by Charles Haughey as Taoiseach and the 22nd Government of Ireland (1992–93) was led by Albert Reynolds as Taoiseach. They were coalition governments of Fianna Fáil and the Progressive Democrats.

The 21st Government lasted 944 days. The 31st Government lasted 307 days from its appointment until resignation, and continued to carry out its duties for a further 29 days until the appointment of its successor.

21st Government of IrelandEdit

Government of the 26th Dáil
21st Government of Ireland
Date formed12 July 1989
Date dissolved11 February 1992
People and organisations
PresidentPatrick Hillery (1989–90)
Mary Robinson (1990–92)
TaoiseachCharles Haughey
TánaisteBrian Lenihan Snr (1989–90)
John Wilson (1990–92)
Total no. of members15
Member partiesFianna Fáil
Progressive Democrats
Status in legislatureCoalition
Opposition partyFine Gael
Opposition leaderAlan Dukes (1989–90)
John Bruton (1990–92)
History
Election(s)1989 general election
Legislature term(s)26th Dáil
19th Seanad
Predecessor20th Government
Successor22nd Government

Nomination of TaoiseachEdit

The members of the 26th Dáil first met on 26 June 1989. In the debate on the nomination of Taoiseach, Fianna Fáil leader and outgoing Taoiseach Charles Haughey, Fine Gael leader Alan Dukes, and Labour Party leader Dick Spring were each proposed. Each of these proposals were lost: Haughey received 78 votes with 86 votes against, Dukes received 61 votes with 103 votes against, and Spring received 24 votes with 138 votes against.[1] Haughey resigned as Taoiseach, continuing to serve in a caretaker capacity.[2][3]

The Dáil met again on 3 July and on 6 July, but no vote was taken on the nomination of the Taoiseach.[4][5] On 12 July, Fianna Fáil and Progressive Democrats had agreed to form a coalition government, the 21st Government of Ireland (12 July 1989 – 11 February 1992). The same three leaders were proposed again for the nomination of the Dáil for appointment by the president to be Taoiseach. On this occasion, the nomination of Haughey was carried by the Dáil with 84 votes in favour and 79 against.[6]

12 July 1989
Nomination of Charles Haughey (FF) as Taoiseach
[7]
Motion proposed by Brian Lenihan and seconded by Gerry Collins
Absolute majority: 84/166
Vote Parties Votes
 Y Yes Fianna Fáil (77), Progressive Democrats (6), Independent (1)
84 / 166
No Fine Gael (55), Labour Party (15), Workers' Party (7), Democratic Socialist Party (1), Independent (1)
79 / 166
Not voting Green Party (1), Independent Fianna Fáil (1), Ceann Comhairle (1)
3 / 166

Members of the GovernmentEdit

After his appointment as Taoiseach by the president, Haughey proposed the members of the government on 12 July and they were approved by the Dáil.[8] They were appointed by the president on the same day.[9]

Office Name Term Party
Taoiseach Charles Haughey 1989–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Gaeltacht
Tánaiste Brian Lenihan 1989–90 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Defence
Minister for Agriculture and Food Michael O'Kennedy 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Communications[a] Ray Burke 1989–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Justice
Minister for Education Mary O'Rourke 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Energy Bobby Molloy 1989–92 Progressive Democrats
Minister for the Environment Pádraig Flynn 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Finance Albert Reynolds 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Foreign Affairs Gerry Collins 1989–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Health Rory O'Hanlon 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Industry and Commerce Desmond O'Malley 1989–92 Progressive Democrats
Minister for Labour Bertie Ahern 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Marine John Wilson 1989–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Social Welfare Michael Woods 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Tourism and Transport[b] Séamus Brennan 1989–92 Fianna Fáil

Changes 31 October 1990Edit

Following the sacking of Brian Lenihan during the 1990 Presidential election.[12]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Defence Charles Haughey (acting) Fianna Fáil

Changes 13 November 1990Edit

Following the sacking of Brian Lenihan as Tánaiste on 31 October.[13]

Office Name Term Party
Tánaiste John Wilson 1990–92 Fianna Fáil

Changes 5 February 1991Edit

Appointment to position held by the Taoiseach in an acting capacity.[14][15]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Defence Brendan Daly 1991 Fianna Fáil

Changes 8 November 1991Edit

Changes following the sacking of Albert Reynolds and Pádraig Flynn after
Reynolds challenged Charles Haughey for the leadership of Fianna Fáil.[16]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for the Environment John Wilson (acting) Fianna Fáil
Minister for Finance Charles Haughey (acting) Fianna Fáil

Changes 14 November 1991Edit

Positions of sacked ministers filled.[17][18]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Agriculture and Food Michael Woods 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Defence Vincent Brady 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Education Noel Davern 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Environment Rory O'Hanlon 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Finance Bertie Ahern 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Health Mary O'Rourke 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Labour Michael O'Kennedy 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Social Welfare Brendan Daly 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Change to Departments
  1. ^ On 8 February 1991, the functions of the Minister for Communications were transferred to the Minister for Tourism, Transport and Communications.[10]
  2. ^ On 7 February 1991, the Department of Tourism and Transport was renamed as the Department of Tourism, Transport and Communications.[11]

Attorney GeneralEdit

On 12 July 1989 John L. Murray SC was re-appointed by the president as Attorney General on the nomination of the Taoiseach.[8][9] Murray resigned on 25 September 1991, and Harry Whelehan SC was appointed by the president as Attorney General on the nomination of the Taoiseach.

Ministers of StateEdit

On 12 July 1989, Vincent Brady was appointed by the Government on the nomination of the Taoiseach to the post of Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach with special responsibility as Government Chief Whip.[8][9] On 19 July 1989, the Government appointed the other Ministers of State on the nomination of the Taoiseach.[19]

Name Department Responsibility Party
Vincent Brady Taoiseach
Defence
Government Chief Whip Fianna Fáil
Brendan Daly Taoiseach
Finance
Heritage Affairs
Office of Public Works
Fianna Fáil
Máire Geoghegan-Quinn Taoiseach Co-ordinator of Government Policy and EC matters Fianna Fáil
Michael J. Noonan Marine Fianna Fáil
Michael Smith Industry and Commerce Science and technology Fianna Fáil
Ger Connolly Environment Urban renewal Fianna Fáil
Seán Calleary Foreign Affairs Overseas aid Fianna Fáil
Terry Leyden Industry and Commerce Trade and marketing Fianna Fáil
Joe Walsh Agriculture and Food Food industry Fianna Fáil
Pat "the Cope" Gallagher Gaeltacht Fianna Fáil
Denis Lyons Tourism, Transport and Communications Tourism Fianna Fáil
Frank Fahey Education Youth and sport Fianna Fáil
Noel Treacy Health Fianna Fáil
Séamus Kirk Agriculture and Food Horticulture Fianna Fáil
Mary Harney Environment Office for the Protection of the Environment Progressive Democrats

Changes 26 September 1989Edit

Frank Fahey was appointed Minister of State at the Department of Tourism, Transport and Communications. He retained his
existing post.

Changes 6 February 1991Edit

Changes following the appointment of Brendan Daly as Minister for Defence.[15]

Name Department Responsibility Party
Vincent Brady Finance Office of Public Works
(Retaining existing positions)
Fianna Fáil
Noel Treacy Justice Fianna Fáil
Chris Flood Health Fianna Fáil

Changes 15 November 1991Edit

Changes following the resignations of Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, Noel Treacy and Michael Smith, and the appointment of
Vincent Brady as Minister for Defence.[20]

Name Department Responsibility Party
Dermot Ahern Taoiseach Government Chief Whip Fianna Fáil
Defence
John O'Donoghue Finance Office of Public Works Fianna Fáil
Michael P. Kitt Taoiseach EEC matters and Government policy Fianna Fáil

Events during the governmentEdit

From January to June 1990 Ireland held the presidency of the European Community. The 1990 Presidential election was held on 7 November. Mary Robinson won the election, defeating the Fianna Fáil candidate Brian Lenihan and the Fine Gael candidate Austin Currie.

On 6 November 1991, Seán Power proposed a motion of no confidence in the Taoiseach, which failed.[21]

In early 1992 Seán Doherty, who as Minister for Justice had taken the blame for the phone-tapping scandal of the early 1980s, went on RTÉ and claimed that Haughey had known and authorised it. Haughey denied this but the Progressive Democrats stated that they could no longer continue in government with Haughey as Taoiseach.[22]

On 30 January 1992, Haughey resigned as leader of Fianna Fáil. He was succeeded by Albert Reynolds who formed the 22nd Government of Ireland.

22nd Government of IrelandEdit

Government of the 26th Dáil
22nd Government of Ireland
Date formed11 February 1992
Date dissolved12 January 1993
People and organisations
PresidentMary Robinson
TaoiseachAlbert Reynolds
TánaisteJohn Wilson
Total no. of members15
Member partiesFianna Fáil
Progressive Democrats
Status in legislatureCoalition
Opposition partyFine Gael
Opposition leaderJohn Bruton
History
Legislature term(s)26th Dáil
19th Seanad
Predecessor21st Government
Successor23rd Government

Charles Haughey resigned as leader of Fianna Fáil on 30 January, and Albert Reynolds won the party leadership election on 6 February. The 22nd Government of Ireland (11 February 1992 – 12 January 1993) was formed by the Fianna Fáil and Progressive Democrats parties with Albert Reynolds as Taoiseach.

Nomination of TaoiseachEdit

On 11 February, Albert Reynolds and John Bruton were proposed for the nomination of the Dáil for appointment by the president to be Taoiseach.[23] The nomination of Reynolds was carried and he was appointed by the president.[24]

11 February 1992
Nomination of Taoiseach vote for Albert Reynolds (FF)
[25]
Motion proposed by Charles Haughey and seconded by John Wilson
Absolute majority: 84/166
Vote Parties Votes
 Y Yes Fianna Fáil (77), Progressive Democrats (6), Independent (1)
84 / 166
No Fine Gael (55), Labour Party (15), Workers' Party (7), Democratic Socialist Party (1), Green Party (1), Independent (1)
78 / 166
Absent or
Not voting
Fine Gael (2), Independent Fianna Fáil (1), Ceann Comhairle (1)
4 / 166

Members of the GovernmentEdit

After his appointment as Taoiseach by the president, Albert Reynolds proposed the members of the government and they were approved by the Dáil.[26] They were appointed by the president on the same day.[27]

Reynolds did not re-appoint Ray Burke, Mary O'Rourke and Gerry Collins, while promoting critics of Haughey like David Andrews, Séamus Brennan, and Charlie McCreevy into senior ministerial positions. Reynolds also promoted a number of younger TDs from rural constituencies like Noel Dempsey and Brian Cowen, to cabinet position. Bertie Ahern remained as Minister for Finance.

Office Name Term Party
Taoiseach Albert Reynolds 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Tánaiste John Wilson 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Defence
Minister for the Gaeltacht
Minister for Agriculture and Food Joe Walsh 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Education Séamus Brennan 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Energy Bobby Molloy 1992 Progressive Democrats
Minister for the Environment Michael Smith 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Finance Bertie Ahern 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Foreign Affairs David Andrews 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Health John O'Connell 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Industry and Commerce Desmond O'Malley 1992 Progressive Democrats
Minister for Justice Pádraig Flynn 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Labour Brian Cowen 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Marine Michael Woods 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Social Welfare Charlie McCreevy 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Tourism, Transport and Communications Máire Geoghegan-Quinn 1992–93 Fianna Fáil

Changes 4 November 1992Edit

Following the resignation of Progressive Democrats ministers.[28]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Energy Albert Reynolds (acting) Fianna Fáil
Minister for Industry and Commerce Pádraig Flynn 1992–93 Fianna Fáil

Changes 4 January 1993Edit

Following the nomination of Pádraig Flynn for the position of European Commissioner.[29]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Justice Máire Geoghegan-Quinn 1993 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Industry and Commerce Bertie Ahern 1993 Fianna Fáil

Attorney GeneralEdit

On 12 January 1993 Harry Whelehan SC was appointed by the president as Attorney General on the nomination of the Taoiseach.[26][27]

Ministers of StateEdit

On 11 February 1992, the Government on the nomination of the Taoiseach appointed Noel Dempsey, TD to the post of Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach with special responsibility as Government Chief Whip, and Mary Harney as Minister of State at the Department of the Environment, with special responsibility for the office for the Protection of the Environment.[26] On 13 February 1992, the Government on the nomination of the Taoiseach appointed the other Ministers of State.[27]

Name Department Responsibility Party
Noel Dempsey Taoiseach
Defence
Government Chief Whip Fianna Fáil
Mary Harney Environment Protection of the Environment Progressive Democrats
Mary O'Rourke Industry and Commerce Trade and Marketing Fianna Fáil
Brendan Daly Foreign Affairs Fianna Fáil
Pat "the Cope" Gallagher Gaeltacht
Marine
Fianna Fáil
Noel Treacy Finance Office of Public Works
Central Development Committee
Fianna Fáil
Chris Flood Health Fianna Fáil
Liam Aylward Education Fianna Fáil
Liam Hyland Agriculture and Food Rural enterprise Fianna Fáil
Michael Ahern Industry and Commerce Science and technology Fianna Fáil
Willie O'Dea Justice Fianna Fáil
Dan Wallace Environment Fianna Fáil
John Browne Environment Food industry Fianna Fáil
Tom Kitt Taoiseach Arts and culture, women's affairs and European affairs Fianna Fáil
Brendan Kenneally Tourism, Transport and Communications Fianna Fáil

Change 4 November 1992Edit

Mary Harney resigned when the Progressive Democrats left government.[28]

Constitutional referendumsEdit

The Eleventh Amendment was approved in a referendum held on 18 June 1992, allowing the state to ratify the Maastricht Treaty.

The 22nd Government responded to the X Case with the Twelfth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1992, which would have |amended the Constitution to prevent a risk of suicide as a ground for an abortion. This proposal was rejected in a referendum. The Thirteenth Amendment and the Fourteenth Amendment were approved, providing respectively that the right to life of the unborn did limit freedom to travel or to obtain information about services available outside the jurisdiction of the state. These three referendums were held on 25 November 1992, the date of the general election following the dissolution of the 26th Dáil.

Confidence in the GovernmentEdit

A tribunal of enquiry into irregularities in the beef industry, referred to as the Beef Tribunal, was established to examine the relationship between the Irish governments and the beef industry. However this revealed to the public a substantial conflict of opinion between the two party leaders. At the tribunal Desmond O'Malley severely criticised Reynolds, in his capacity as Minister for Industry and Commerce, for an export credit scheme. When Reynolds gave evidence he referred to O'Malley as "dishonest", the Progressive Democrats left the government on 4 November 1992. On 5 November, Reynolds proposed a motion of confidence in the Taoiseach and the government. The motion was defeated with 77 voting in favour to 88 voting against.[30] Reynolds then sought a dissolution of the Dáil, which was granted by the president and the 1992 general election was held on 25 November.

The members of the 27th Dáil first met on 14 December. The Dáil did not successfully nominate anyone for the position of Taoiseach on that day, with Albert Reynolds, John Bruton and Dick Spring being defeated. Reynolds resigned as Taoiseach but under the provisions of Article 28.11 of the Constitution, the members of the government continued to carry out their duties until their successors were appointed.[31] The 23rd Government of Ireland was formed on 12 January 1993 as a coalition between Fianna Fáil and the Labour Party, with Albert Reynolds again serving as Taoiseach.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 29 June 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Statement by Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 29 June 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  3. ^ Stephen O'Byrnes (27 February 2016). "1989 a road map for Fine Gael-Fianna Fáil deal". The Irish Times. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach (Resumed) – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Monday, 3 July 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach (Resumed) – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 6 July 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach (Resumed) – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Wednesday, 12 July 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach (Resumed) – Votes – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Wednesday, 12 July 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  8. ^ a b c "Appointment of Taoiseach and Nomination of Members of Government – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Wednesday, 12 July 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  9. ^ a b c "Appointment of Members of Government and Minister of State – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Tuesday, 18 Jul 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  10. ^ "Communications (Transfer of Departmental Administration and Ministerial Functions) Order 1991". Irish Statute Book. 6 February 1991. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  11. ^ "Tourism and Transport (Alteration of Name of Department and Title of Minister) Order 1991". Irish Statute Book. 6 February 1991. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  12. ^ "Termination of Ministerial Appointment: Announcement by Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 1 November 1990". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  13. ^ "Nomination of Tánaiste – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Tuesday, 13 November 1990". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Nomination of Member of Government: Motion – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Tuesday, 5 February 1991". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Appointment of Member of Government: Statement – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Wednesday, 6 February 1991". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  16. ^ "Termination of Ministerial Appointment: Announcement by Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Friday, 8 November 1991". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  17. ^ "Nomination of Member of Government: Motion – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 14 November 1991". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2019.; "Nomination of Member of Government: Motion (Resumed) – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 14 November 1991". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Appointment of Ministers: Announcement by Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Friday, 15 November 1991". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  19. ^ "Appointment of Ministers of State. – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 20 July 1989". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Ministers of State: Announcement by Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Friday, 15 November 1991". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  21. ^ "The motion failed". The Irish Emigrant. 11 November 1991.
  22. ^ "Ireland's Haughey will resign to avert fall of coalition over wiretapping charges". The Baltimore Sun. 31 January 1992.
  23. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Tuesday, 11 February 1992". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  24. ^ "Appointment of Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Tuesday, 11 February 1992". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  25. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach – Votes – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Tuesday, 11 February 1992". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  26. ^ a b c "Nomination of Members of Government – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Tuesday, 11 February 1992". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  27. ^ a b c "Members of Government and Ministers of State: Announcement by Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 13 February 1992". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  28. ^ a b "Ministerial Changes: Statement – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – Thursday, 5 November 1992". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  29. ^ "Ministerial Changes: Statement – Dáil Éireann (27th Dáil) – Tuesday, 5 January 1993". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  30. ^ "Confidence in Government: Motion – Votes – Dáil Éireann (26th Dáil) – 5 November 1992". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  31. ^ "Resignation of Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (27th Dáil) – Tuesday, 15 December 1992". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 15 August 2019.