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The 26th Dáil of Ireland was elected at the 1989 general election on 15 June 1989. When the Dáil first sat on 29 June 1989 after the general election, no candidate for the office of Taoiseach achieved a majority, and Charles Haughey continued to serve in a caretaker capacity.[1][2][2] Subsequently, on 12 July Charles Haughey was re-elected as Taoiseach and the 21st Government of Ireland was appointed. The 26th Dáil lasted 1,259 days.

21st Government of IrelandEdit

Government of the 26th Dáil
21st Government of Ireland
Date formed12 July 1989
Date dissolved11 February 1992
People and organisations
Head of statePatrick Hillery (1989–90)
Mary Robinson (1990–92)
Head of governmentCharles Haughey
Deputy head of governmentBrian Lenihan Snr (1989–90)
John Wilson (1990–92)
Total no. of ministers15
Member partiesFianna Fáil
Progressive Democrats
Status in legislatureCoalition
Opposition leaderAlan Dukes (1989–90) (FG)
John Bruton (1990–92) (FG)
History
Election(s)1989 general election
Legislature term(s)26th Dáil
Predecessor20th Government
Successor22nd Government

The 21st Government of Ireland (12 July 1989 – 11 February 1992) was formed by the Fianna Fáil and Progressive Democrats parties 27 days after the election had taken place.

Nomination of TaoiseachEdit

12 July 1989
Nomination of Taoiseach vote for Charles Haughey (FF)

Motion proposed by Brian Lenihan and seconded by Gerry Collins
Absolute majority: 84/166
Vote Parties Votes
 Y Yes Fianna Fáil (77), Progressive Democrats (6), Independent (1)
84 / 166
No Fine Gael (55), Labour Party (15), Workers' Party (7), Democratic Socialist Party (1), Independent (1)
79 / 166
Not voting Green Party (1), Independent Fianna Fáil (1), Ceann Comhairle (1)
3 / 166
Source: Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 12 Jul 1989: Nomination of Taoiseach (Resumed)

Composition of the GovernmentEdit

The Ministers of the Government were approved by the Dáil on 12 July 1989.[3]

Office Name Term Party
Taoiseach Charles Haughey 1989–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Gaeltacht
Tánaiste Brian Lenihan 1989–90 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Defence
Minister for Agriculture and Food Michael O'Kennedy 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Communications[4] Ray Burke 1989–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Justice
Minister for Education Mary O'Rourke 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Energy Bobby Molloy 1989–92 Progressive Democrats
Minister for the Environment Pádraig Flynn 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Finance Albert Reynolds 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Foreign Affairs Gerry Collins 1989–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Health Rory O'Hanlon 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Industry and Commerce Desmond O'Malley 1989–92 Progressive Democrats
Minister for Labour Bertie Ahern 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Marine John Wilson 1989–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Social Welfare Michael Woods 1989–91 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Tourism and Transport[4] Séamus Brennan 1989–92 Fianna Fáil

Changes 1 November 1990Edit

Changes following the sacking of Brian Lenihan during the during the 1990 Presidential election.[5]

Office Name Term Party
Tánaiste John Wilson 1990–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Defence Charles Haughey (acting) Fianna Fáil

Changes 5 February 1991Edit

Appointment to position held in an acting capacity.[6]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Defence Brendan Daly 1991 Fianna Fáil

Changes 8 November 1991Edit

Changes following the sacking of Albert Reynolds and Pádraig Flynn after Reynolds challenged Charles Haughey for the leadership of Fianna Fáil.[7]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for the Environment John Wilson (acting) Fianna Fáil
Minister for Finance Charles Haughey (acting) Fianna Fáil

Changes 14 November 1991Edit

Positions of sacked ministers filled.[8]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Agriculture and Food Michael Woods 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Defence Vincent Brady 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Education Noel Davern 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Environment Rory O'Hanlon 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Finance Bertie Ahern 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Health Mary O'Rourke 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Labour Michael O'Kennedy 1991–92 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Social Welfare Brendan Daly 1991–92 Fianna Fáil

From January to June 1990 Ireland held the presidency of the European Community. The 1990 Presidential election was held on 7 November. Mary Robinson won the election, beating the Fianna Fáil candidate Brian Lenihan.

On 6 November 1991, Seán Power proposed a motion of no confidence in the Taoiseach, which failed.[9]

In early 1992 Seán Doherty, who as Minister for Justice had taken the blame for the phone-tapping scandal of the early 1980s, went on RTÉ and claimed that Haughey had known and authorised it. Haughey denied this but the Progressive Democrats stated that they could no longer continue in government with Haughey as Taoiseach.[10]

On 30 January 1992, Haughey resigned as leader of Fianna Fáil. He was succeeded by Albert Reynolds who formed the 22nd Government of Ireland.

22nd Government of IrelandEdit

Government of the 26th Dáil
22nd Government of Ireland
Date formed11 February 1992
Date dissolved12 January 1993
People and organisations
Head of stateMary Robinson
Head of governmentAlbert Reynolds
Deputy head of governmentJohn Wilson
Total no. of ministers15
Member partiesFianna Fáil
Progressive Democrats
Status in legislatureCoalition
Opposition leaderJohn Bruton (Fine Gael)
History
Legislature term(s)26th Dáil
Predecessor21st Government
Successor23rd Government

Charles Haughey resigned as leader of Fianna Fáil on 30 January, and Albert Reynolds won the party leadership election on 6 February. The 22nd Government of Ireland (11 February 1992 – 12 January 1993) was formed by the Fianna Fáil and Progressive Democrats parties with Albert Reynolds as Taoiseach. Reynolds did not re-appoint Ray Burke, Mary O'Rourke and Gerry Collins, while promoting critics of Haughey like David Andrews, Séamus Brennan, and Charlie McCreevy into senior ministerial positions. Reynolds also promoted a number of younger TDs from rural constituencies like Noel Dempsey and Brian Cowen, to cabinet position. Bertie Ahern remained as Minister for Finance.

Nomination of TaoiseachEdit

11 February 1992
Nomination of Taoiseach vote for Albert Reynolds (FF)

Motion proposed by Charles Haughey and seconded by John Wilson
Absolute majority: 84/166
Vote Parties Votes
 Y Yes Fianna Fáil (77), Progressive Democrats (6), Independent (1)
84 / 166
No Fine Gael (55), Labour Party (15), Workers' Party (7), Democratic Socialist Party (1), Green Party (1), Independent (1)
78 / 166
Not voting Independent Fianna Fáil (1), Ceann Comhairle (1)
4 / 166
Source: Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 11 February 1992: Nomination of Taoiseach

Composition of the GovernmentEdit

The Ministers of the Government were approved by the Dáil on 11 February.[11]

Office Name Term Party
Taoiseach Albert Reynolds 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Tánaiste John Wilson 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Defence
Minister for the Gaeltacht
Minister for Agriculture and Food Joe Walsh 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Education Séamus Brennan 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Energy Bobby Molloy 1992 Progressive Democrats
Minister for the Environment Michael Smith 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Finance Bertie Ahern 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Foreign Affairs David Andrews 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Health John O'Connell 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Industry and Commerce Desmond O'Malley 1992 Progressive Democrats
Minister for Justice Pádraig Flynn 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Labour Brian Cowen 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Marine Michael Woods 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Social Welfare Charlie McCreevy 1992–93 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Tourism, Transport and Communications Máire Geoghegan-Quinn 1992–93 Fianna Fáil

Changes 4 November 1992Edit

Following the resignation of Progressive Democrats ministers.[12]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Energy Albert Reynolds (acting) Fianna Fáil
Minister for Industry and Commerce Pádraig Flynn 1992–93 Fianna Fáil

Changes 4 January 1993Edit

Following the nomination of Pádraig Flynn for the position of European Commissioner.[13]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Justice Máire Geoghegan-Quinn 1993 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Industry and Commerce Bertie Ahern 1993 Fianna Fáil

The 22nd Government responded to the X Case with a referendum that would have amended the Constitution to prevent a risk of suicide as a ground for an abortion. This proposal was defeated.

A tribunal of enquiry into irregularities in the beef industry, referred to as the Beef Tribunal, was established to examine the relationship between the Irish governments and the beef industry. However this revealed to the public a substantial conflict of opinion between the two party leaders. At the tribunal Desmond O'Malley severely criticised Reynolds, in his capacity as Minister for Industry and Commerce, for an export credit scheme. When Reynolds gave evidence he referred to O'Malley as "dishonest", the Progressive Democrats voted with a motion of no confidence and the government fell.

After the 1992 general election, the 23rd Government of Ireland was formed by a coalition between Fianna Fáil and the Labour Party.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Thursday, 29 Jun 1989: Nomination of Taoiseach". Houses of the Oireachtas. 29 June 1989. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b Stephen O'Byrnes (27 February 2016). "1989 a road map for Fine Gael-Fianna Fáil deal". The Irish Times. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 12 Jul 1989: Appointment of Taoiseach and Nomination of Members of Government". Houses of the Oireachtas. 12 July 1989. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  4. ^ a b On 7 February 1991, the functions of the Minister for Communications were passed to the retitled Minister for Tourism, Transport and Communications and the Department of Communications ceased to exist.
  5. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Thursday, 1 Nov 1990: Termination of Ministerial Appointment: Announcement by Taoiseach". Houses of the Oireachtas. 1 November 1990. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 5 Feb 1991: Nomination of Member of Government: Motion". Houses of the Oireachtas. 5 February 1991. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Friday, 8 Nov 1991: Termination of Ministerial Appointment: Announcement by Taoiseach". Houses of the Oireachtas. 8 November 1991. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 14 Nov 1991: Nomination of Member of Government: Motion". Houses of the Oireachtas. 14 November 1991. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  9. ^ "The motion failed". The Irish Emigrant. 11 November 1991.
  10. ^ "Ireland's Haughey will resign to avert fall of coalition over wiretapping charges". The Baltimore Sun. 31 January 1992.
  11. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 11 Feb 1992: Nomination of Members of Government". Houses of the Oireachtas. 11 February 1992. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Thursday, 5 Nov 1993: Private Business. - Ministerial Changes: Statement". Houses of the Oireachtas. 5 November 1992. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 5 Jan 1993: Ministerial Changes: Statement". Houses of the Oireachtas. 5 January 1993. Retrieved 10 August 2019.