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The Government of Victoria (or the Victorian Government) is the democratic administrative authority of the Australian state of Victoria. The Government of Victoria, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1851 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Victoria has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Victoria ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.

Government of Victoria
Victoria State Government logo.png
Emblem of the Victorian Government and its agencies
Coat of Arms of Victoria.svg
Coat of arms of the State of Victoria, used for formal and ceremonial purposes.
Formation
Australian state Victoria
Website http://www.vic.gov.au/
Legislative branch
Legislature Parliament of Victoria;
Meeting place Parliament House
Executive branch
Main organ Victorian Ministry
Leader Premier
Appointer Governor
Meeting place Parliament House
Judicial branch
Court Supreme Court
Seat Melbourne

Contents

Executive powerEdit

The Government of Victoria operates under the principles of the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom.

Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the Governor and senior ministers. In practice, executive power is exercised by the Premier of Victoria, who is appointed by the Governor and who hold office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the Legislative Assembly, and the Cabinet designated by the Premier to the Governor. The Cabinet is the government's chief policy-making organ, and consists of the Premier and all ministers.

Legislative powerEdit

Legislative power rests with the Parliament of Victoria, which consists of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, represented by the Governor of Victoria, and the two Houses, the Victorian Legislative Council (the upper house) and the Victorian Legislative Assembly (the lower house).

Judicial powerEdit

Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of Victoria and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian Constitution.

See alsoEdit

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