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Victorian Legislative Assembly

The Victorian Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Victoria in Australia; the upper house being the Victorian Legislative Council. Both houses sit at Parliament House in Spring Street, Melbourne.

Legislative Assembly
Parliament of Victoria
Coat of arms or logo
Colin Brooks, Labor
Since 7 March 2017
Deputy Speaker
Maree Edwards, Labor
Since 7 March 2017
Manager of Government Business
Jacinta Allan, Labor
Since 2014
Manager of Opposition Business
Robert Clark, Liberal
Since 2014
Government Whip
Opposition Whip
Andrew Katos, Liberal
Since 2014
VIC Legislative Assembly diagram.svg
Political groups
Government (45)

     Labor (45)
Opposition (37)
     Liberal (30)
     National (7)
Crossbench (6)
     Greens (3)
     Independent (3)

*Privileges Committee
*Standing Orders Committee
Last election
29 November 2014
Next election
24 November 2018
Meeting place
Legislative Assembly Chamber,
Parliament House, Melbourne,
Victoria, Australia
Vic Legislative Assembly

The presiding officer of the Legislative Assembly is the Speaker. There are presently 88 members of the Legislative Assembly elected from single-member divisions.



Victoria was proclaimed a Colony on 1 July 1851 separating from the Colony of New South Wales by an act of the British Parliament. The Legislative Assembly was created on 13 March 1856 with the passing of the Victorian Electoral Bill,[1] five years after the creation of the original unicameral Legislative Council. The Assembly first met on 21 November 1856,[1] and consisted of sixty members representing thirty-seven multi and single-member electorates.[2] On the Federation of Australia on 1 January 1901, the Parliament of Victoria continued except that the colony was now called a state.

In 1917, the Nationalist government in Victoria introduced compulsory preferential voting before the 1917 state election. This enabled the factions in the party to field competing candidates without splitting the vote by keeping preferences within the party.

Membership and electionsEdit

The Legislative Assembly presently consists of 88 members, each elected in single-member electoral districts, more commonly known as electorates or seats, using preferential voting, which is the same voting system used for the federal lower house, the Australian House of Representatives. Members represent approximately the same population in each electorate.

Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a fixed term of 4 years, with elections occurring on the last Saturday of November every 4 years. There are no limits to the number of terms for which a member may seek election. Casual vacancies are filled at a by-election.

Current membershipEdit

Distribution of seatsEdit

Party Seats held
  Labor Party 45
Liberal/National Coalition (37)
    Liberal Party 30
  National Party 7
  Greens 3
  Independent 3
Total 88
  • 45 votes as a majority are required to pass legislation.



At the beginning of each new parliamentary term, the Legislative Assembly elects one of its members as a presiding officer, known as the Speaker. If the incumbent Speaker seeks a new term, then the House may re-elect him or her merely by passing a motion; otherwise, a secret ballot is held. In practice, the Speaker is usually a member of the governing party or parties, who have the majority in the House. The Speaker continues to be a member of his or her political party, but it is left to their individual discretion as to whether or not they attend party meetings. The Speaker also continues to carry out his or her ordinary electorate duties as a member of Parliament and must take part in an election campaign to be re-elected as a member of Parliament.[3]

A Deputy Speaker is also elected by the Assembly, who supports and assists the Speaker in the execution of their duties.

Non-member officialsEdit

The Legislative Assembly is also supported by a department of civil servants who provide procedural and administrative advice on the running of the Assembly, and performs other functions. The head of the department is the Clerk of the Assembly, who is assisted by a deputy clerk, an assistant clerk committees and an assistant clerk procedure.[4]

The Assembly is also assisted by a serjeant-at-arms, who at present also holds the position of assistant clerk procedure.[4]

2014 Victorian electionEdit


Victorian state election, 29 November 2014[5][6]
Legislative Assembly
<< 20102018 >>

Enrolled voters 3,806,301
Votes cast 3,540,140 Turnout 93.01 +0.05
Informal votes 184,815 Informal 5.22 +0.26
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes % Swing Seats Change
  Labor 1,278,322 38.10 +1.84 47 +4*
  Liberal 1,223,474 36.46 −1.57 30 −5
  Greens 385,190 11.48 +0.27 2 +2
  National 185,619 5.53 −1.21 8 −2
  Country Alliance 43,038 1.28 −0.07 0 ±0
  Family First 37,194 1.11 −1.18 0 ±0
  Christians 26,545 0.79 +0.79 0 ±0
  Rise Up Australia 20,795 0.62 +0.62 0 ±0
  Voice for the West 16,584 0.49 +0.49 0 ±0
  Sex Party 8,930 0.27 −0.28 0 ±0
  Animal Justice 7,778 0.23 +0.23 0 ±0
  Democratic Labor 2,799 0.08 −0.81 0 ±0
  Shooters and Fishers 2,622 0.08 +0.08 0 ±0
  Socialist Alliance 1,728 0.05 −0.00 0 ±0
  People Power Victoria 1,375 0.04 +0.04 0 ±0
  The Basics Rock 'n' Roll 1,043 0.03 +0.03 0 ±0
  Independent 112,289 3.35 +0.74 1 +1
Total 3,355,325     88  
  Labor 1,745,020 51.99 +3.57
  Liberal/National 1,611,507 48.01 −3.57
* Labor also retained four of the five Labor seats which were made notionally Liberal by the 2013 redistribution.


Most legislation is initiated in the Legislative Assembly. The party or coalition with a majority of seats in the lower house is invited by the Governor to form government. The leader of that party subsequently becomes Premier of Victoria, and their senior colleagues become ministers responsible for various portfolios. As Australian political parties traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the legislative assembly.


  • Privileges Committee
  • Standing Orders Committee

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Edward Sweetman (1920). Constitutional Development of Victoria, 1851-6. Whitcombe & Tombs Limited. p. 67. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  2. ^ "Elections". Fact Sheet G3: Elections. Parliament of Victoria.
  3. ^ The Speaker
  4. ^ a b Staff of the Legislative Assembly
  5. ^ "State Election 2014 provisional results". Victorian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Live Results". ABC News. Retrieved 8 Dec 2014.

External linksEdit