Premier of Victoria

The premier of Victoria is the head of government in the Australian state of Victoria. The premier is appointed by the governor of Victoria, and is the leader of the political party able to secure a majority in the Victorian Legislative Assembly.

Premier of Victoria
Coat of Arms of Victoria.svg
Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg
Daniel Andrews 2018.jpg
Incumbent
Daniel Andrews

since 4 December 2014
Department of Premier and Cabinet
Style
StatusHead of Government
Member of
Reports toParliament
Seat1 Treasury Place, Melbourne
AppointerGovernor of Victoria
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the Governor's pleasure
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the lower house of Parliament
Constituting instrumentNone (constitutional convention)
Formation30 November 1855
First holderWilliam Haines
DeputyDeputy Premier of Victoria
SalaryAU$441,439[1]
Websitewww.premier.vic.gov.au

Responsible government came to the colony of Victoria in 1855. Between 1856 and 1892, the head of the government was commonly called the premier or the prime minister, but neither title had any legal basis. The head of government always held another portfolio, usually Chief Secretary or Treasurer, for which they were paid a salary. The first head of government to hold the title of premier without holding another portfolio was William Shiels in 1892.

Premiers of Victoria who have served for more than 3000 days have a statue installed at Treasury Place. Four Victorian premiers have been afforded this honour: Albert Dunstan, Henry Bolte, Rupert Hamer and John Cain Junior.[2][3][4]

The incumbent premier of Victoria since the 2014 election is Daniel Andrews of the Australian Labor Party.

List of premiers of VictoriaEdit

  Independent (20)
  Reform (2)
  Commonwealth Liberal (2)
  Labor (9)
  Nationalist (3)
  Country (3)
  United Australia (1)
  Liberal (8)

No. Premier Portrait Term of office Tenure[5] Party Constituency Ministry Election(s)
1 William Haines   30 November 1855 11 March 1857 1 year, 102 days South Grant Haines I 1856
2 John O'Shanassy   11 March 1857 29 April 1857 50 days Kilmore O'Shanassy I
(1) William Haines   29 April 1857 10 March 1858 316 days South Grant Haines II
(2) John O'Shanassy   10 March 1858 27 October 1859 1 year, 232 days Kilmore O'Shanassy II
3 William Nicholson   27 October 1859 26 November 1860 1 year, 31 days Sandridge Nicholson 1859
4 Richard Heales   26 November 1860 14 November 1861 354 days East Bourke Boroughs Heales 1861
(2) John O'Shanassy   14 November 1861 27 June 1863 1 year, 226 days Kilmore O'Shanassy III
5 James McCulloch   27 June 1863 6 May 1868 4 years, 315 days Mornington McCulloch I 1864
1866
1868
6 Charles Sladen   6 May 1868 11 July 1868 67 days Western Province Sladen
(5) James McCulloch   11 July 1868 20 September 1869 1 year, 72 days Mornington McCulloch II
7 John Alexander MacPherson   20 September 1869 9 April 1870 202 days Dundas MacPherson
(5) James McCulloch   9 April 1870 19 June 1871 1 year, 72 days Mornington McCulloch III 1871
8 Charles Gavan Duffy   19 June 1871 10 June 1872 358 days Dalhousie Duffy
9 James Francis   10 June 1872 31 July 1874 2 years, 52 days Richmond Francis 1874
10 George Kerferd   31 July 1874 7 August 1875 1 year, 8 days Ovens Kerferd
11 Graham Berry   7 August 1875 20 October 1875 75 days Non-Party Liberalism Geelong West Berry I
(5) James McCulloch   20 October 1875 21 May 1877 1 year, 214 days Non-Party Conservatism Warrnambool McCulloch IV
(11) Graham Berry   21 May 1877 5 March 1880 2 years, 290 days Non-Party Liberalism Geelong Berry II 1877
Feb. 1880
12 James Service   5 March 1880 3 August 1880 152 days Non-Party Conservatism Maldon Service I Feb. 1880
(11) Graham Berry   3 August 1880 9 July 1881 341 days Non-Party Liberalism Geelong Berry III Jul. 1880
13 Bryan O'Loghlen   9 July 1881 8 March 1883 1 year, 243 days Non-Party Liberalism West Bourke O'Loghlen
(12) James Service   8 March 1883 18 February 1886 2 years, 348 days Non-Party Conservatism Castlemaine Service II 1883
14 Duncan Gillies   18 February 1886 5 November 1890 4 years, 261 days Non-Party Conservatism Rodney
Eastern Suburbs
Gillies 1886
1889
15 James Munro   5 November 1890 16 February 1892 1 year, 104 days Non-Party Liberalism Geelong Munro
16 William Shiels   16 February 1892 23 January 1893 343 days Non-Party Liberalism Normanby Shiels 1892
17 James Patterson   23 January 1893 27 September 1894 1 year, 248 days Non-Party Conservatism Castlemaine Patterson
18 George Turner   27 September 1894 5 December 1899 5 years, 70 days Non-Party Liberalism St Kilda Turner I 1894
1897
19 Allan McLean   5 December 1899 19 November 1900 350 days Non-Party Liberalism Gippsland North McLean
(18) George Turner   19 November 1900 12 February 1901 86 days Non-Party Liberalism St Kilda Turner II 1900
20 Alexander Peacock   12 February 1901 10 June 1902 1 year, 119 days Non-Party Liberalism Clunes and Allandale Peacock I
21 William Irvine   10 June 1902 16 February 1904 1 year, 252 days Reform Lowan Irvine 1902
22 Thomas Bent   16 February 1904 8 January 1909 4 years, 328 days Reform Brighton Bent 1904
1907
1908
23 John Murray   8 January 1909 18 May 1912 3 years, 132 days Commonwealth Liberal Warrnambool Murray 1911
24 William Watt   18 May 1912 9 December 1913 1 year, 206 days Commonwealth Liberal Essendon Watt I
25 George Elmslie   9 December 1913 22 December 1913 14 days Labor Albert Park Elmslie
(24) William Watt   22 December 1913 18 June 1914 179 days Commonwealth Liberal Essendon Watt II
(20) Alexander Peacock   18 June 1914 29 November 1917 3 years, 165 days Commonwealth Liberal Allandale Peacock II 1914
26 John Bowser   29 November 1917 21 March 1918 144 days Nationalist Wangaratta Bowser 1917
27 Harry Lawson   21 March 1918 28 April 1924 6 years, 39 days Nationalist Castlemaine and Maldon Lawson I
Lawson II
Lawson III
1920
1921
(20) Alexander Peacock   28 April 1924 18 July 1924 82 days Nationalist Allandale Peacock III
28 George Prendergast   18 July 1924 18 November 1924 124 days Labor North Melbourne Prendergast 1924
29 John Allan   18 November 1924 20 May 1927 2 years, 184 days Victorian Farmers' Union Rodney Allan
30 Edmond Hogan   20 May 1927 22 November 1928 1 year, 187 days Labor Warrenheip and Grenville Hogan I 1927
31 William McPherson   22 November 1928 12 December 1929 1 year, 21 days Nationalist Hawthorn McPherson
(30) Edmond Hogan   12 December 1929 19 May 1932 2 years, 160 days Labor Warrenheip and Grenville Hogan II 1929
32 Stanley Argyle   19 May 1932 2 April 1935 2 years, 319 days United Australia Toorak Argyle I
Argyle II
1932
1935
33 Albert Dunstan   2 April 1935 14 September 1943 8 years, 166 days United Country Korong and Eaglehawk Dunstan I 1937
1940
1943
34 John Cain Sr.   14 September 1943 18 September 1943 5 days Labor Northcote Cain I
(33) Albert Dunstan   18 September 1943 2 October 1945 2 years, 15 days United Country Korong and Eaglehawk Dunstan II
35 Ian Macfarlan   2 October 1945 21 November 1945 51 days Liberal Brighton Macfarlan
(34) John Cain Sr.   21 November 1945 20 November 1947 2 years, 0 days Labor Northcote Cain II 1945
36 Thomas Hollway   20 November 1947 27 June 1950 2 years, 220 days Liberal
Liberal and Country
Ballarat Hollway I
Hollway II
1947
1950
37 John McDonald   27 June 1950 28 October 1952 2 years, 124 days Country Shepparton McDonald I
(36) Thomas Hollway   28 October 1952 31 October 1952 4 days Electoral Reform Ballarat Hollway III
(37) John McDonald   31 October 1952 17 December 1952 48 days Country Shepparton McDonald II
(34) John Cain Sr.   17 December 1952 7 June 1955 2 years, 173 days Labor Northcote Cain III 1952
38 Henry Bolte   7 June 1955 23 August 1972 17 years, 78 days Liberal and Country
Liberal
Hampden Bolte I
Bolte II
Bolte III
Bolte IV
Bolte V
Bolte VI
1955
1958
1961
1964
1967
1970
39 Rupert Hamer   23 August 1972 5 June 1981 8 years, 287 days Liberal Kew Hamer I
Hamer II
Hamer III
Hamer IV
1973
1976
1979
40 Lindsay Thompson 5 June 1981 8 April 1982 308 days Liberal Malvern Thompson
41 John Cain Jr.   8 April 1982 10 August 1990 8 years, 125 days Labor Bundoora Cain Jr. I
Cain Jr. II
Cain Jr. III
1982
1985
1988
42 Joan Kirner   10 August 1990 6 October 1992 2 years, 58 days Labor Williamstown Kirner
43 Jeff Kennett   6 October 1992 20 October 1999 7 years, 15 days Liberal Burwood Kennett I
Kennett II
1992
1996
44 Steve Bracks   20 October 1999 30 July 2007 7 years, 284 days Labor Williamstown Bracks I
Bracks II
Bracks III
1999
2002
2006
45 John Brumby   30 July 2007 2 December 2010 3 years, 126 days Labor Broadmeadows Brumby
46 Ted Baillieu   2 December 2010 6 March 2013 2 years, 95 days Liberal Hawthorn Baillieu 2010
47 Denis Napthine   6 March 2013 4 December 2014 1 year, 274 days Liberal South-West Coast Napthine
48 Daniel Andrews   4 December 2014 Incumbent 6 years, 324 days Labor Mulgrave Andrews I
Andrews II
2014
2018

Living former premiersEdit

As of 23 October 2021, five former premiers are alive, the oldest being Jeff Kennett (1992–1999, born 1948). The most recent Premier to die was John Cain Jr. (1982–1990), on 23 December 2019.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
Jeff Kennett 1992–1999 (1948-03-02) 2 March 1948 (age 73)
Steve Bracks 1999–2007 (1954-10-15) 15 October 1954 (age 67)
John Brumby 2007–2010 (1953-04-21) 21 April 1953 (age 68)
Ted Baillieu 2010–2013 (1953-07-31) 31 July 1953 (age 68)
Denis Napthine 2013–2014 (1952-03-06) 6 March 1952 (age 69)

TimelineEdit

DanielAndrewsDenis NapthineTed BaillieuJohn BrumbySteve BracksJeff KennettJoan KirnerJohn Cain (41st Premier of Victoria)Lindsay ThompsonRupert HamerHenry BolteJohn Cain (34th Premier of Victoria)John McDonald (Victorian politician)Thomas HollwayJohn McDonald (Victorian politician)Thomas HollwayJohn Cain (34th Premier of Victoria)Ian MacfarlanAlbert DunstanJohn Cain (34th Premier of Victoria)Albert DunstanStanley ArgyleEdmond HoganWilliam Murray McPhersonEdmond HoganJohn Allan (Australian politician)George PrendergastAlexander PeacockHarry LawsonJohn BowserAlexander PeacockWilliam Watt (Australian politician)George Elmslie (Australian politician)William Watt (Australian politician)John Murray (Victorian politician)Thomas BentWilliam Irvine (Australian politician)Alexander PeacockGeorge Turner (Australian politician)Allan McLean (Australian politician)George Turner (Australian politician)James Patterson (Australian politician)William ShielsJames Munro (Australian politician)Duncan GilliesJames ServiceBryan O'LoghlenGraham BerryJames ServiceGraham BerryJames McCullochGraham BerryGeorge KerferdJames FrancisCharles Gavan DuffyJames McCullochJohn Alexander MacPhersonJames McCullochCharles SladenJames McCullochJohn O'ShanassyRichard HealesWilliam Nicholson (Australian politician)John O'ShanassyWilliam Haines (Australian politician)John O'ShanassyWilliam Haines (Australian politician)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Martin, Lisa (19 September 2019). "Daniel Andrews under fire after 'unfair' decision to increase his pay to $441,000 a year" – via www.theguardian.com.
  2. ^ Sakkal, Paul. "New challenges, new risks for returning Andrews". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Hard hat? Check: Hi-vis? Check: Dan Andrews is back and combative as ever". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  4. ^ Money, Lawrence. "Navigating through politics and beyond". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Parliament of Victoria - Premier of Victoria". www.parliament.vic.gov.au.

External linksEdit