Gospatric II, Earl of Lothian
He was the son of Gospatric I, sometime Earl of Northumbria (d. after 1073). In the earliest sources, occurring at dates between 1120 and 1134 he is not styled "earl", but the "brother of Dolfin", the latter style being used in his own seal.
Later accounts say that he was granted lands by king Máel Coluim III, although it is possible that he received them from his father, while his brother Dolfin received much of Cumberland. As Gospatric held lands from both King David I of Scotland and King Henry I of England it is impossible to label him either "English" or "Scottish". He witnessed the charter of Alexander I of Scotland founding Scone Abbey.
Gospatric enjoyed the benefits of the renewed prominence given to native Englishmen in the reign of Henry I. He and his children obtained many lands in England proper, and he himself gained jurisdiction over some northern English legal duties. He appears to have attained the status of "earl" by the year 1134, when that style first appears in documentary sources.
- Anderson, Alan Orr (ed.), Scottish Annals from English Chroniclers: AD 500–1286, (London, 1908)
- Macdonald, Alastair J., "King's of the Wild Frontier? The earls of Dunbar or March, c. 1070-1435", in Steve Boardman and Alasdair Ross (eds.), The Exercise of Power in Medieval Scotland, (Portland/Dublin, 2003), pp. 139–58
- McDonald, R. Andrew, ‘Gospatric, first earl of Lothian (d. 1138)’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed 22 Nov 2006
- McDonald, Andrew, ‘Waltheof, third earl of Lothian (d. 1182)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed 28 Nov 2006
- Anderson, Scottish Annals, p.203, n. 4; the title "Earl of Dunbar" is not actually in use until the time of Earl Waltheof; see MacDonald, "Waltheof, third earl of Lothian (died 1182)".
- McNeill, Ronald John (1911). . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 685–688.
- Anderson, Scottish Annals, p.203 and n. 4.
- Jones, M. (2003) England and Her Neighbours, 1066-1453: Essays in Honour of Pierre Chaplais Continuum International (via Google Books)
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