Goa, Camarines Sur
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Goa, officially the Municipality of Goa (Central Bicolano: Banwaan kan Goa; Tagalog: Bayan ng Goa), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 63,308 people. 
|Municipality of Goa|
Map of Camarines Sur with Goa highlighted
|Barangays||34 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Marcel S. Pan|
|• Vice Mayor||Alfredo P. Gonzaga III|
|• Representative||Arnulf Bryan B. Fuentebella|
|• Electorate||35,980 voters (2019)|
|• Total||206.18 km2 (79.61 sq mi)|
|Elevation||91 m (299 ft)|
(2015 census) 
|• Density||310/km2 (800/sq mi)|
|• Income class||2nd municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||35.43% (2015)|
|• Revenue||₱148,696,524.29 (2016)|
|• Electricity||Camarines Sur 4 Electric Cooperative (CASURECO 4)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)54|
|Climate type||tropical rainforest climate|
|Native languages||Central Bikol|
The current municipal mayor is Marcel Pan, succeeded Racquel Lim.
Goa is bounded by the Municipality of Tinambac on the west, Municipalities of Tinambac and Lagonoy on the north, by Municipalities of Tinambac and Tigaon on the south, by Municipalities of San Jose and Lagonoy on the east.
Goa has a total land area of 20,618 hectares (50,950 acres) or about 3.99% of the province' land area. Its distance from the nearest municipality, San Jose, is 3 kilometres (1.9 mi), the Capital Town of Pili is 37 kilometres (23 mi), while Naga City is 52 kilometres (32 mi). Furthermore, Goa’s distance from Manila via Daet, Camarines Norte, is about 500 kilometres (310 mi) and via Quirino Highway is approximately 380 kilometres (240 mi).
Goa is politically subdivided into 34 barangays, ten (10) of which are located within the poblacion/urban area and the remaining are considered rural barangays. The largest barangay is Hiwacloy having an area of 1,818.87 hectares (4,494.5 acres) and the farthest barangay is Tamban which is about 28 kilometres (17 mi) from the poblacion area.
- Bagumbayan Grande (Poblacion)
- Bagumbayan Pequeño (Poblacion)
- Belen (Poblacion)
- La Purisima (Poblacion)
- Panday (Poblacion)
- San Benito (Poblacion)
- San Isidro West
- San Isidro (Poblacion)
- San Jose (Poblacion)
- San Juan Bautista (Poblacion)
- San Juan Evangelista (Poblacion)
- San Pedro (formerly Aroro)
- Scout Fuentebella (West)
- Tamban (Mabini)
|Climate data for Goa, Camarines Sur|
|Average high °C (°F)||31
|Average low °C (°F)||26
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||82.88
|Average rainy days||24||28||18||20||24||29||31||27||27||30||29||31||318|
|Source: World Weather Online|
The town of Goa was originally situated at Barangay Salog which was then known as “Visita de Salog”, comprising the barrios of Lalud (now known as barangay Salog), Himagaan, Matacla, and Payatan. Lalud is found along the banks of Cagaycay River and is about five kilometers away from the present site of the town center.
The “visita” was established in 1701 by Franciscan Missionary Fr. Matias de Valdesoto and was attached to the parish of Manguiring, Calabanga. By 1729, it was declared independent and was later converted into a pueblo. The settlement center was later transferred to the present site because a disastrous flood swept the houses down the river and the inhabitants needed more land for planting. The original settlers found in the new site a wide stretch of plain land with brooks and rivers. There were scattered areas of swampland where 'gajo, a native slender cane plant the locals used for arrow shafts, grow in wild profusion.
In 1777, Franciscan Friar Fr. Juan Abalay, from the Portuguese colony of Goa, came to administer the parish. It was on his arrival that the village was converted into a town with the official name of Pueblo de Goa. Fr. Abalay was instrumental in naming the town Goa, motivated presumably for two reasons: to perpetuate the memory of his birthplace and to give official confirmation to the name which the place has been known for some time corrupted allegedly by the Spaniards from “gajo”.
On arrival, Fr. Abalay found Gregorio de los Reyes as Pueblo Headman and Santiago Evangelista, Juan de los Santos, Pedro Paraiso, Francisco Jacinto, Andres de la Trinidad and Lucas Delfin as council members. Fr. Abalay named Pedro de los Reyes son of the reigning Headman, “Cabeza de Barangay” in the cabeseria De Barangay del Pueblo De Goa. The German traveler, Feodor Jagor, found Goa a thriving municipality in 1863 when he scouted for guides who could accompany him climb Mount Isarog. In about the same year, the parish started the gigantic project of building a stone church and convent. The church, of Roman Gothic design and the convent, half stone and half wood, were completed in 1887. It took almost two decades of hard labor and involved every man, woman and child who was old enough to carry a piece of stone (known as cellar) to finish the project. A school building of stone was constructed soon across the street on the right side of the convent, to house the classes of the “primera enseñanza”. Another structure of the segunda enseñanza was added about the time the Revolution broke out in 1896.
For the duration of the revolution and until the arrival of the Americans in 1900, Goa was governed by a local detachment of the revolutionary forces. The inhabitants called this period “Gobierno Filipino”. They elected the first “presidente” upon the implementation of the Maura Law. Jose Perfecto, headed the civil authorities with the “Cabezas de Barangay”, the past “Capitanes Municipales” serving as the local town council.
Laureano Pan was the first to serve as the local executive (1901-1903) in Goa during the American occupation. The establishment of the first American school was hastened by the unexpected capture of “Commandante” Faustino Perfecto, in-charge of a contingent of KKK troops stationed at Panagan River, by the American troops on the road to Naga. The American school opened in 1902 with Samuel D. Broadley as the supervising teacher. The first three American teachers were Stickney, Cappage, and Tabor, a colored American. Evidently, the Americans realized as early as then, the strategic location and prominence of the town in Partido area. From 1904 up to the end of the decade, Goa was one of only four places in Ambos Camarines with intermediate classes up to grade seven. The others were Nueva Caceres (Naga City), Daet and Iriga. The national road connecting Goa to Naga via Anayan was constructed in 1917. It was also in 1917 when the construction of the Municipal Hall was started which was completed in 1922. With the first automobile that traveled the Naga-Partido road, modernization slowly flowed in. In 1925, Jose Centenera, installed the first electric generator that lighted the town until the Japanese occupation. In the same year, he also opened a movie house, which featured serialized silent movies. In 1926, Goa had a modern concrete market pavilion and abattoir to replace the old market building.
The traditional Open Market day on Sunday, was initiated in 1945, though this is no longer true today since as the trade & commercial center in the 3rd District of Camarines Sur, everyday is already a market day. It was also in 1946 that Goa donated parcels of land to the Province of Camarines Sur for the establishment of Partido High School (converted to Partido National High School, then to Partido State College and now as Partido State University). Telecommunication service by telegraph was provided in 1950. The Goa Civic Square, an open park surrounded by huge acacia trees where the locals of Goa held almost all public activities – from amateur singing contest to political fora, benefit dances, fiesta celebrations, summer basketball competitions, etc., was constructed between 1952-1954. Next was the construction of the ABC Building between 1968-1971 under ABC President Alberto A. Din. The Camp Jovi Fuentebella in Lamon became the National Jamboree site in 1983. There was a trend of constructing covered basketball courts in majority of the municipalities in the country in the early nineties. By 1993, the Goa Civic Square was converted to become the covered Goa Sports Complex that now exists in front of the Goa Municipal Hall.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
In the 2015 census, the population of Goa, Camarines Sur, was 63,308 people,  with a density of 310 inhabitants per square kilometre or 800 inhabitants per square mile.
While the population of Partido District grew at irregular paces during the decade, Goa has consistently to be the second most highly populated in the district next to Tinambac. In year 2000, the municipality has a population of 48,490 with a 14% share to the district’s total population of 341,487. Meanwhile, Tinambac has the highest share of 15% to the district’s population which is only a percent higher than of Goa.
In 1995, Partido reached its highest growth rate of 2.58% but it dropped to 1.46% in year 2000. But Goa, on the other hand, showed a consistent average growth rate of 0.96% in 1990, 1.51% in 1995 and the highest rate of 2.50% in 2000. During the 2007 census, the municipality’s population ballooned to 54,035.
Isarog Agta LanguageEdit
In 2010, UNESCO released its 3rd world volume of Endangered Languages in the World, where 3 critically endangered languages were in the Philippines. One of these languages in the Isarog Agta language which has an estimated speaker of 5 people in the year 2000. The language was classified as Critically Endangered, meaning the youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently and hardly pass the language to their children and grandchildren anymore. If the remaining 150 people do not pass their native language to the next generation of Isarog Agta people, their indigenous language will be extinct within a period of 1 to 2 decades.
The Isarog Agta people live within the circumference of Mount Isarog, though only 5 of them still know their indigenous language. They are one of the original Negrito settlers in the entire Philippines. They belong to the Aeta people classification, but have distinct language and belief systems unique to their own culture and heritage.
Goa is accessible from Naga City through a one and half-hour drive along the Fuentebella Highway. Two bus companies including air conditioned vans and jeepneys regularly ply the route to Goa. Jeepneys and trimobiles that convey people and products to and from the poblacion provide access to interior barangays.
All barangays are accessible through regular transportation services. Goa's road system spans a 117.435 kilometres (72.971 mi) network interconnecting the various barangays in the municipality. Presently, it has 26.35 kilometres (16.37 mi) of barangay roads, 54.1 kilometres (33.6 mi) of national roads, 27.35 kilometres (16.99 mi) of provincial roads and 9.36 kilometres (5.82 mi) of municipal roads. Majority of the roads however, are gravel roads (46.84 kilometres (29.11 mi)) particularly those at the barangay level. Meanwhile, 96.91% of the municipal roads are concreted. There are 38 bridges in the municipality with a total length of 435.60 meters. Of which, 74.52% were constructed by the DPWH, 14% by PEO, 9.64% by LGU and 1.84 by barangay administration.
Electricity in Goa is provided by the local electric cooperative (CASURECO IV). In 2001, a total of 7,702 households are connected to the power cooperative energizing the 34 barangays of the municipality, however there still 2,316 households in the rural areas that are dependent on kerosene for lighting purposes
Goa's environment sector revolves on two aspects: the forest environment and the urban environment. The protection of the forest environment is presently being handled by the DENR through the Office of the Protected Area Superintendent for Mt. Isarog National Park. The LGU, together with NGO representatives, is a member of the Protected Area Management Board. Such representation ensures Goa's participation in the protection of its portion in Mount Isarog. The urban environment protection is covered by the municipality’s Ecological Waste Management Program (EWAMP) which deals mainly in aspects of solid waste management, pollution control and monitoring of toxic emissions from industries. The EWAMP is equipped with heavy equipment transport utilities which regularly collect solid waste in commercial areas and urban barangays. The collected garbage is being dumped in a 16-hectare controlled dump site in San Isidro West located 11 kilometers away from the town proper.
- St. John Hospital - San Jose St., Goa, Camarines Sur
- Goa Municipal Infirmary - Barangay Tagongtong (Temporary Location / beside PNP Headquarters)
- Rural Health Unit 1 - Burgos Street, Goa, Camarines Sur
This municipality has different secondary and tertiary schools accredited by the Commission on Higher Education, the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, the Department of Education, and the Department of Science and Technology. The town of Goa is also the home of the premier high school in the whole Bicol region, the Philippine Science High School Bicol Region Campus at Barangay Tagontong. PSHS-BRC is one of the campuses of the PSHS system.
- Partido State University - (formerly Partido High School, Partido National High School and Partido State College)- San Juan Bautista St., Goa, Camarines Sur
- Worldtech Resources Institute (WRI Partido Branch) - San Juan Evangelista St., Goa, Camarines Sur
- Partido College (College Department) - Tambuco St., Goa, Camarines Sur
- Global IT - Rizal St., Goa, Camarines Sur
- Fatima School of Science and Technology - San Juan Bautista St., Goa, Camarines Sur
- Goa National High School - Taytay, Goa, Camarines Sur
- Goa Science High School - Tagongtong, Goa, Camarines Sur (GK Site)
- Partido High School - Catagbacan, Goa, Camarines Sur
- Payatan National High School - Payatan, Goa, Camarines Sur
- Visita de Salog High School - Salog, Goa, Camarines Sur
- Juan L. Filipino Memorial High School - Buyo, Goa, Camarines Sur
- Pinaglabanan High School - Pinaglabanan, Goa, Camarines Sur
- Tabgon National High School - Tabgon, Goa, Camarines Sur
- St. Paul Academy (Catholic School) - Delgado St., Goa Camarines Sur
- Partido College High School Department - Tambuco St., Goa, Camarines Sur
- Philippine Science High School Bicol Region Campus (PSHS-BRC) - Tagongtong, Goa, Camarines Sur
Past Broadcast MediaEdit
- HOT FM 103.9 (Radyo Natin FM National Network of Manila Broadcasting Company)
- DWTP (Ang Tambuli kan Partido) - exist in 1994
- 107.1 DWRL-FM (Ang Radyo para sa Tawo)
- 96.9 DWFA FM RADIO AMIGO Rinconada Broadcasting Corp.
- Rhythm FM 97.9 (Community Training Station 2006-2008)
- 105.5 KISS FM "More Music, More Variety" 2008-2012 (Underground Radio Station)
- 102.3 WoW FM "Ito ang Radyo ko" 2015-2016 (Underground Radio Station)
- 105.5 Muews Radio (lately became Politician Broadcast Practice)
- 105.7 Farm Radio "Ang Radyong Kaserbisyo Mo" A Non Political, Non Partisan Radio Station in Partido Area
Existing Broadcast MediaEdit
- 100.9 KM FM KAKAMPI MO (Bicol Media Network Group, Inc.)
- 94.5 DZRP-FM (Partido Development Administration - A government-owned radio station)
- 103.3 PSU Campus Radio
- 103.1 Brigada News FM Partido (Relay Station)
- 103.7 Kiss FM (Ang Bagong Tambayan sa FM)
- Municipality of Goa | (DILG)
- "Province: Camarines Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
- "Goa, Camarines Sur: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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