Glen Cove, New York

(Redirected from Glen Cove, Long Island)

Glen Cove is a city in Nassau County, New York, United States, on the North Shore of Long Island. At the 2020 United States Census, the city population was 28,365 as of the 2020 census.

Glen Cove, New York
City of Glen Cove
View of Long Island Sound to the north from Welwyn Preserve in Glen Cove
View of Long Island Sound to the north from Welwyn Preserve in Glen Cove
Official seal of Glen Cove, New York
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°52′2″N 73°37′40″W / 40.86722°N 73.62778°W / 40.86722; -73.62778
Country United States
State New York
Incorporated1918; 106 years ago (1918)[1]
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorPamela Panzenbeck (R)
 • Police chiefWilliam Whitton
 • Total19.24 sq mi (49.84 km2)
 • Land6.66 sq mi (17.24 km2)
 • Water12.59 sq mi (32.60 km2)
23 ft (7 m)
 • Total28,365
 • Density4,260.29/sq mi (1,644.93/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
11542, 11545, 11560
Area codes516, 363
FIPS code36-29113
GNIS feature ID0977339

The city was considered part of the early 20th century Gold Coast of the Long Island, as the areas along the waterfront were developed as large country estates by wealthy entrepreneurs and businessmen such as J.P. Morgan, Phipps, Pratt, and Prybil.[3] Glen Cove also had manufacturing and a diverse population that worked in industry, local agriculture and retail businesses. Of Nassau County's five municipalities, Glen Cove is one of the two municipalities that is a city, rather than a town – the other being Long Beach on the South Shore.

The city was the location of several successful manufacturing facilities in the 20th century. It attracted numerous immigrants from Ireland, Italy, and eastern Europe. More recently, it has been settled by immigrants of later migrations, from Central and South America, and Asia.

History edit

Succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples had lived in the area for thousands of years. At the time of European contact, bands of the Lenape (Delaware) nation inhabited western Long Island, the areas of New York and New Jersey around the harbor, and along the coast through present-day Pennsylvania and Delaware, as well as along the Delaware River. They spoke an Algonquian language. By 1600 the band inhabiting this local area was called the Matinecock after their location.

Glen Cove was used as a port by English migrants from New England and named Moscheto before 1668. On May 24, 1668, Joseph Carpenter of Warwick, Rhode Island purchased about 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of land to the northwest of the Town of Oyster Bay from the Matinecock. Later in that year, he admitted four residents of Oyster Bay as co-partners in the project: brothers Nathaniel, Daniel, and Robert Coles; and Nicholas Simkins. The five young men named the settlement Musketa Cove Plantation, musketa meaning place of rushes in the Lenape language.[4]

19th century edit

In the 1830s, steamboats started regular service on Long Island Sound between New York City and Musketa Cove, arriving at a point still called The Landing. As Musketa was negatively associated with mosquito, in 1834 residents changed the name to Glen Cove; this was said to be taken from the misheard suggestion of Glencoe, meaning Glencoe, Scotland.[5][6]

Glen Cove added population as workers arrived for jobs at the Duryea Corn Starch factory, which operated until 1900. The name Duryea was suggested as a name to replace Mosquito Cove; however, it was later rejected.[7]

By 1850, Glen Cove had become a popular summer resort for New York City residents. The Long Island Rail Road was extended to Glen Cove in 1867, providing quicker, more frequent service to New York City. The availability of the train and the town's location on Long Island Sound made it attractive to year-round residents, and the population increased.[4]

The vistas afforded of Long Island Sound from the town's rolling hills attracted late 19th-century wealthy industrial barons, including Charles Pratt and his sons, Charles Anderson Dana as well as J.P. Morgan, and F.W. Woolworth. They built large private estates along the island's North Shore. This expanse of settled wealth was part of what became known in the 1920s as the Gold Coast of Nassau County. Part of the Morgan property was donated to the city, and it now is operated as Morgan Park and Beach.[4]

20th century edit

On January 1, 1918, Glen Cove became an independent city, separating from the Town of Oyster Bay after 250 years. The incorporation was driven by a desire for its tax revenues to be used locally, rather than distributed throughout Oyster Bay. Glen Cove at the time was an especially wealthy part of the town, but the town's provisions for Glen Cove's police service and roads were seen to be inadequate given the amount of taxes levied.[8] It was unusual in that it incorporated as a city without ever having been an incorporated village.[9]

Before the mid-20th century, most of the mansions were adapted to other than residential purposes. Winfield Hall, the former home of F.W. Woolworth, is privately owned.

Altogether, five Pratt families owned a total of about 5,000 acres (20 km2) in the area. John Teele Pratt's estate (The Manor, designed by Charles A. Platt) is operated as the Glen Cove Mansion Hotel and Conference Center.

The Braes, the country estate of Herbert L. Pratt, was purchased by the Webb Institute in 1945. After renovation, it opened the facility in 1947 as an established specialty college for naval architecture and engineering.[10]

George DuPont Pratt's estate Killenworth was purchased by the Soviet Union government in 1951 for use by its United Nations delegation. The Russians have used it for decades to house visitors and as a weekend retreat for its UN staff. When in the United States for meetings at the United Nations, Nikita Khrushchev in 1960, then premier of the Soviet Union, and Fidel Castro, then president of Cuba, separately stayed at Killenworth.

Like many other suburbs, Glen Cove grew rapidly in population after World War II when new residential developments were completed on former pastureland and farms. Many new residents were second- and third-generation descendants of eastern and southern European immigrants, and had moved from childhood homes in Queens or Brooklyn. Some African Americans were descendants of slaves from the colonial period, as colonists had used slaves for domestic help and farm labor; others were descendants of migrants from the South who came to New York City and the area during the Great Migration of the first half of the 20th century.

Since the late 20th century, immigrants to the city have been generally from Latin America and eastern Asia. A Sikh gurdwara established in Glen Cove draws members from the ethnic Indian population in the area.

Geography edit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has 19.2 square miles (50 km2), of which 6.7 square miles (17 km2) is land and 12.6 square miles (33 km2) – or 65.51% – is water.

The city is on the North Shore of Long Island, bordering the Long Island Sound. The hills that stretch along the shore are part of the Harbor Hill Moraine – a terminal moraines left by glaciers of the last ice age.[11]

Glen Cove is bordered on three sides by the Town of Oyster Bay, and on the fourth by the Long Island Sound.

Climate edit

Glen Cove has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) that was hot-summer humid continental (Dfa) until the most recent temperature numbers. The monthly average ranges from 32.7 °F in January to 75.5 °F in July. All months now average above freezing, seven months are above 50 °F, and July and August are above 22 °C (71.6 °F.).[12]

Greater Glen Cove area edit

Glen Cove consists of 1 city, 4 villages and 4 unincorporated hamlets

Note: Locust Valley, Old Brookville, Matinecock & Lattingtown are also part of the greater Oyster Bay Area, & Greenvale is also part of the greater Roslyn Area.

Demographics edit

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

According to the 2010 U.S. census,[14] Glen Cove had a population of 26,964. In 2000, the city had a population of 26,622 people, 9,461 households, and 6,651 families residing in the city limits; in 2000 its population was spread out at 4,006.0 people per square mile (1,545.7/km2).[15] The 2019 American Community Survey determined Glen Clove's population increased to 27,166.

At the 2000 U.S. census, there were 9,461 households, out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. In 2000, 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.22. In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $89,000 and the median income for a family was $108,000 in 2000. Males had a median income of $61,900 versus $40,581 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,627.

In 2019, there were 9,811 households, out of which 20.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, and 52.2% of the city population were female. Glen Clove had an owner-occupied housing rate of 52.5% and there was an average of 2.70 persons per household from 2015 to 2019. The city had a median household income of $80,702 and per capita income of $40,703. Of the total population, 13.8% were estimated to live at or below the poverty line.[16]

Race and ethnicity edit

According to the 2019 American Community Survey, the U.S. Census Bureau determined 54.7% of the population was non-Hispanic white, 8.4% Black or African American, 1.0% American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.3% Asian, 2.7% two or more races, and 25.8% Hispanic or Latin American of any race. In 2010, the racial and ethnic makeup of Glen Cove was 74.2% White (59.4% non-Hispanic white), 7.2% African American, 4.6% Asian, 10.1% some other race, 3.2% two or more races, 0.4% Native American, and 0.1% Hawaiian or Pacific Islander. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 27.9% of the population.[17] At the 2000 census, the racial makeup of the city was 60.28% White, 26.40% African American, 0.29% Native American, 4.11% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 5.72% from other races, and 23.15% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 20.0% of the population.

Economy edit

Acclaim Entertainment had its headquarters in One Acclaim Plaza,[18] located in Glen Cove. Acclaim bought the three-story, 65,000 square feet (6,000 m2), Class A office building in 1994 for $4 million.[19]

Glen Cove Creek was channelized in the early 20th century by the US Army Corps of Engineers.

Li Tungsten produced tungsten powder and tungsten carbide powder, along with other specialty products.[20] The company was first known as Wah Chang Smelting and Refining Company, and later as Teledyne Wah Chang.[21]

Columbia Ribbon and Carbon Manufacturing Company opened a Glen Cove research lab in 1932 and produced blue printing inks, carbon paper and typing ribbon until 1980.[22]

Powers Chemco, which made photographic equipment and supplies, was renamed Chemco Technologies in 1987. It was later purchased and renamed Konica Imaging U.S.A., and is today known as Konica Minolta Holding USA Inc. The company closed its Glen Cove factory in 2006 and moved to Michigan.[23]

In 1953 and 1958, Pall Corporation established factories to make filtration products. One site was occupied until 1999, the other until 1971, when the building was sold to August Thomsen Corp.[24]

Photocircuits Corporation began manufacturing circuit boards in 1951, and employed 740 workers when it closed in 2007.[25]

Another company, Slater Electric, began making electrical wiring devices in 1956.[26]

In 1988, Pass and Seymour manufactured electric components using an injection molding process.[27]

Formerly, Gladsky Marine operated a marina and marine repair facility along Glen Cove Creek from the early 1970s until 1999. The site was listed by the EPA as a cleanup site.[28] The remediation of semi-volatile organic compounds and metals from the facility was completed in 2010.[29]

Culture edit

The Welwyn mansion at the Welwyn Preserve.
  • The Morgan Park Music Festival holds free concerts on Sunday evenings during July and August at the gazebo in Morgan Park.[30]
  • Glen Cove is the headquarters of the American Stamp Dealers Association.
  • Welwyn, the former Harold Pratt estate, is a 204-acre (0.83 km2), densely wooded preserve open to the public. It features nature trails and a variety of habitats, including a wooded stream valley, fresh water ponds and swamps, a coastal salt marsh, and a stretch of Long Island Sound shoreline. More than 100 species of birds and a variety of small native mammals, reptiles and amphibians inhabit the preserve's grounds. It is the site of the Holocaust Memorial & Tolerance Center, which offers exhibits and other educational programs.[30]

Sister city edit

Its sister city is Sturno, Italy, where many immigrants came in the 20th century and settled in Glen Cove.

Government edit

Overview edit

The Town of Oyster Bay had jurisdiction over the area from the 1680s until 1917, when Glen Cove became an independent city.[5] The city has its own police, fire protection, and Glen Cove Emergency Medical Services. The fire department and emergency medical services are volunteer agencies. The Office of Emergency Management is responsible for the planning, coordination, and response to natural and human-made emergencies that occur within the city of Glen Cove.

City government edit

The City of Glen Cove is governed under a strong mayor-council government, with the governing body being the Glen Cove City Council.[31]

Mayor edit

As of November 2023, the Mayor of Glen Cove is Pamela Panzenbeck; this position is elected at-large.[31] She replaced two-term Mayor Timothy Tenke, who succeeded Reginald Spinello.[32]

Council members edit

The members of the city council are elected from single-member districts. As of January 2024, the members of the Glen Cove City Council are Grady Farnan, Kevin Maccarone, Danielle Fugazy Scagiola, Marsha Silverman, John Zozzaro, and Michael Ktistakis.[33] />

Education edit

Public schools edit

The Glen Cove City School District's Landing School in 2021

The city of Glen Cove and its residents are served by the Glen Cove City School District. Children who live in the City attend the Eugene J. Gribbin/ Katherine A. Deasy Elementary schools for grades K-2 (pre-k offered at Deasy), Landing/Margaret. A. Connolly schools for grades 3–5, Robert M. Finley Middle School for grades 6–8, and Glen Cove High School for grades 9–12. Finley Middle School was one of ten NASSP Breakthrough Schools. The Glen Cove City School District's "Paired Plan" for elementary schools has the Gribbin and Connolly schools paired, as well as the Deasy and Landing schools. All students from across the city attend joint classes in the central Middle and High schools.

Private schools edit

Friends Academy in 2022.

There are several private educational institutions inside the city limits:

  • All Saints Regional Catholic School,[34] which closed in 2019 [49]
  • Friends Academy (pre-K – 12) is a Quaker-founded private school that is located within the City of Glen Cove but has a Locust Valley mailing address.
  • Webb Institute of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, a four-year college[35]

Transportation edit

The city of Glen Cove is served by the following mass transit services:

Rail edit

The Glen Street LIRR station in 2010.

The Oyster Bay Branch of the Long Island Rail Road has three stations within the boundaries of the city: Sea Cliff, Glen Street, and Glen Cove.

Bus edit

Local bus service edit

Nassau Inter-County Express provides service on two routes: N21 (to Great Neck) and N27 (to Hempstead). There is also local service within the city. [36][37][38]

Express bus service edit

North Fork Express offers weekday commuter service between Glen Cove and Manhattan with stops in Midtown and the Wall Street area.[39][40]

Proposed ferry service edit

The city has long planned a ferry service direct to Midtown Manhattan. Although initially planned to launch in 2020, the launch of the service has been postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on transportation demand. The city now plans to start service if demand for ferry service returns. The city has put out a survey in 2022 to see if such demand exists.[41]

Landmarks edit

The Old Glen Cove Post Office was listed on the NRHP in 2010.

The United States Post Office at Glen Cove, built in 1932 during the Great Depression, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.[42] The Justice Court Building, the former city court and later city hall and police headquarters, was added to the National Register in 1990.[42] It has been renovated and adapted for use as the North Shore Historical Museum. The Old Glen Cove Post Office on Glen Street was listed on the National Register in 2010; it is now used as an architect's office.[43]

Notable people edit

In popular culture edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ DEVN.CO. "Glen Cove's 350th Anniversary Advisory Committee Launches New Web Site - City of Glen Cove". Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 19, 2022. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. ^ "Bogheid, the Helen Prybil Estate, City of Glen Cove, Nassau County THREATENED". Preservation Long Island. December 26, 2017. Archived from the original on March 19, 2020. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Petrash, Antonia; Stern, Carol; McCrossen, Carol, "History of Glen Cove" Archived October 25, 2005, at the Wayback Machine, Glen Cove Public Library, 2005
  5. ^ a b Antonia Petrash, Carol Stern, and Carol McCrossen, "HISTORY OF GLEN COVE" Archived October 25, 2005, at the Wayback Machine, Nassau County Library
  6. ^ Henderson, Jeanne. "The History of Glen Cove, NY". Long Island Genealogy. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2008.
  7. ^ "Glen Cove Community Profile" Archived June 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Podunk
  8. ^ "Glen Cove ready to bow as city". Brooklyn Daily Times. October 4, 1917. p. 3. Archived from the original on September 30, 2023. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  9. ^ "Plan to make Glen Cove city". Brooklyn Daily Times. January 19, 1917. p. 9. Archived from the original on September 30, 2023. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  10. ^ MacKay, Robert B. et al. (1997). Long Island Country Houses and Their Architects, 1860–1940, Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities. p 84
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University". Retrieved November 7, 2023.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "U.S. Census website". Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ "2019 U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Glen Cove city, New York". Archived from the original on August 5, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  17. ^ "US Census Bureau". Archived from the original on October 13, 2013.
  18. ^ "Headquarters". Archived from the original on June 23, 2000. Retrieved April 3, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link). Acclaim Entertainment. June 23, 2000. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  19. ^ "Acclaim buys Glen Cove site," Real Estate Weekly. July 20, 1994. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  20. ^ "US EPA Approval of the Remedial Action Report for Operable Unit 1, Li Tungsten Superfund Site, Glen Cove, NY" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  21. ^ Saslow, Linda (June 11, 1989). "Old Plant Is Linked To Health Threats". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 19, 2017. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  22. ^ Hull, Callie (1940). Industrial Research Laboratories of the United States Including Consulting Research Laboratories, 7th ed. National Research Council (U.S.). p. 372.
  23. ^ "AMENDED RECORD OF DECISION Powers Chemco" (PDF). March 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  24. ^ "Pall Corporation Record of Decision - NYDEC" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  25. ^ Ain, Steward (March 11, 2007). "Glen Cove Circuit-Board Maker Will Close". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  26. ^ Steinberg, Carol (March 24, 1996). "A Successful Company Is Acquired. Will It Remain on L.I.?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  27. ^ "Record of Decision, Pass and Seymour" (PDF). March 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  28. ^ "EPA: National Service Center for Environmental Publications (NSCEP) - Brownfields 2004 Grant Fact Sheet: Glen Cove Community Development Agency, NY". United States Environmental Protection Agency. June 2004. Archived from the original on January 21, 2021. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  29. ^ "GLEN COVE WATERFRONT REVITALIZATION". glen clove community development agency. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  30. ^ a b "Ken Ellens, Destination Guide, Glen Cove Mansion" (PDF). February 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
  31. ^ a b "City Council". City of Glen Cove. Retrieved November 7, 2023.
  32. ^ Nossa, Jill (November 3, 2021). "Victory for Panzenbeck in Glen Cove". Herald Community Newspapers. Retrieved November 7, 2023.
  33. ^ "City Council".
  34. ^ "All Saints Regional Catholic School". Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  35. ^ "Webb". Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  36. ^ "Nassau Inter-County Express n21 Schedule". Archived from the original on January 30, 2023. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  37. ^ "Nassau Inter-County Express n27 Schedule". Archived from the original on January 30, 2023. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  38. ^ "Bus - Glen Cove Loop - City of Glen Cove Official Website". Archived from the original on January 30, 2023. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  39. ^ "North Fork Express Commuter Service Schedule" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on January 30, 2023. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  40. ^ "Transportation - City of Glen Cove Official Website". Archived from the original on January 30, 2023. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  41. ^ "Glen Cove Ferry". City of Glen Cove. Archived from the original on April 15, 2023. Retrieved April 15, 2023.
  42. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  43. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 11/29/10 through 12/03/10. National Park Service. December 10, 2010. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  44. ^ Compo, Susan A. (2009). Warren Oates: A Wild Life. University Press of Kentucky. p. 209. ISBN 978-0-8131-3918-0. Archived from the original on September 30, 2023. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  45. ^ Fox, Margalit (April 29, 2010). "Leslie Buck, Designer of Iconic Coffee Cup, Dies at 87". New York Times. Archived from the original on June 22, 2010. Retrieved May 31, 2010.
  46. ^ "Double Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient Sergeant Major Daniel 'Dan' Joseph Daly USMC". May 8, 2006. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  47. ^ "Robert Kennedy To Make Home On Long Island". Reno Gazette-Journal. August 24, 1964. p. 1. Archived from the original on June 1, 2020 – via
  48. ^ "Christine C. Quinn | HuffPost". Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  49. ^ "Thomas Suozzi (D) | Freedom and Citizenship". Retrieved November 7, 2023.
  50. ^ Toy, Vivian S. (August 21, 2005). "In Glen Cove, Politics Is Thicker Than Blood". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 7, 2023.
  51. ^ "Glen Cove: 1954 movie "Sabrina" starring Audrey Hepburn with her dog; David Archive: Dave Morrison (TrainsAreFun)". Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  52. ^ Joe Bonomo, "Coming of Age With Josh Alan Friedman" Archived October 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, No Such Thing As Was blog, September 12, 2010
  53. ^ Famiglietti, Charleen (August 3, 2010). "Hollywood Comes to Glen Cove – Glen Cove, NY Patch". Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  54. ^ "Never mind Hillary Clinton: 6 things to know about 'Broad City's' upcoming 'Philadelphia' episode". March 21, 2016. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  55. ^ Actee, Paige (February 13, 2017). "'Kevin Can Wait' Films in Glen Cove, Episode Airs Monday Night". Archived from the original on September 11, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017.

External links edit