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Glavcosmos (Russian: Главкосмос) is a Russian launch service provider and subsidiary of the state corporation Roscosmos.[1][2]

Open joint-stock company

It was established in 1985 under the Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) as the Soviet Union's contract agency for space affairs by the government of Mikhail Gorbachev appointing Alexander Dunayev as its first director. Although it was originally envisioned to command all Soviet space activities it worked more as a marketing and coordinating body than an executive agency.[3] The United States imposed sanctions on the company in the early 1990s, after it agreed to provide space launch vehicles for the Indian Space Research Organisation.[4]

In Soviet times it was the prime authority for implementing co-operative agreements with foreign bodies, with activities including commercial utilisation of Soviet systems and flying foreign cosmonauts aboard Soviet spacecraft. After the breakup of the Soviet Union and the creation of the Russian Federal Space Agency it is concerned with converting military technology to civil applications and commercialisation of Russian space technology.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Russian Launch Services Operator Eyes Lunar Mission in Early 2020s". Inverse. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Glavkosmos seeks to become a major smallsat launch provider -". 20 June 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  3. ^ Harvey, Brian (2001). Russia in space. Springer. p. 277. ISBN 1-85233-203-4. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  4. ^ Malik, Priyanjali (2014). India's Nuclear Debate: Exceptionalism and the Bomb. Routledge. ISBN 9781317809838.
  5. ^ "Glavcosmos (Russian Federation), CIVIL SPACE ORGANISATIONS - NATIONAL AGENCIES". Jane's Information Group. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10.

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