Glais is a semi-rural village in Swansea, South Wales. Nant-Y-Pal is a stream running through the middle of Glais. It divides the village into two electoral wards: to the north of the stream, Glais is under the Clydach Electoral Ward; to the south, Glais is under the Llansamlet Electoral Ward. The village is shared between the communities of Clydach and Birchgrove. Glais is within the Swansea East UK Parliament constituency and is represented by the Labour MP, Carolyn Harris. [1] The population is a little more than 1,000.[citation needed]

Glais
Glais in Winter.jpeg
The village of Glais in winter as seen from a local mountain known as Glais Mountain.
Glais is located in Swansea
Glais
Glais
Location within Swansea
Population838 (2011 Census) - outdated
OS grid referenceSN70250048
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSwansea
Postcode districtSA7
Dialling code01792
PoliceSouth Wales
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
  • Swansea East
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
  • Swansea East
List of places
UK
Wales
Swansea
51°41′17″N 3°52′42″W / 51.688085°N 03.878339°W / 51.688085; -03.878339Coordinates: 51°41′17″N 3°52′42″W / 51.688085°N 03.878339°W / 51.688085; -03.878339

Unusually for place names, Glais is not named after Nant-y-Pal. The word Glais is Welsh for stream. Glais is a common element in Welsh place-names. Other locations containing the word Glais occur as a composite element referring to a single particular name.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Seion Chapel

In the early 20th Century Glais was a small village boasting a proud religious community with up to four churches of differing denominations, the oldest of which is a Welsh Dissendent chapel called Pentwyn and was built in 1834 upon a glacial moraine which itself was called Y Garth. The name plate for Pentwyn was later moved to a new Chapel of worship called Seion in 1840 which still exists to the present day.[3][4]

 
St. Paul's Church

In 1881 an Anglican Church, St Pauls, was built on School road, formally Cefn Y Garth, and is still a practicing church in use with local residents for services of worship and other services. A year later in 1882 and on the same road Glais Primary School was opened to the public for children aged under 11 years old. In 1891 a Tabernacl, Welsh Baptist chapel called Peniel, was built on Station Road on the south side of the village and closed in 1999.

Cattle were driven from as far away as Llandeilo and kept in pens until they were collected by their new owners and moved to their new farm, suggesting that Glais might have acted as a commercial hub for the farm trade in the early years of the history of the village.

The village hosted a racecourse sometime during the 19th and 20th centuries but the first known date references back to 1920 for an equestrian event.[5] The facility was amended for pedestrianism and Greyhound Racing in 1928 after the Swansea Corporation decided to not allow Greyhound Racing at St Helen's in Swansea town's centre. By the 1960s, Glais Stadium had been transformed into a general recreational facility with bowling green, tennis courts and sports fields. The earlier stand was retained.

Today, the sports grounds are largely taken up by the 18-hole Tawe Vale Golf Club, a former 9-hole works course developed for use by employees of the INCO Nickel Works (the former Mond Nickel Works) nearby. The bowling green survived.[6]

On 15 April 1912 W.J. Rogers, a resident of Glais and his nephew Evan Davies, a resident of Alltwen, lost their lives aboard the fateful RMS Titanic.[7] Their bodies were never recovered and thus they were commemorated on the family headstone in Capel Seion.

Glacial terminal moraineEdit

 
River Tawe diverted by the moraine in Glais

A pristine example of glacial moraine in the south of the village is one of over a thousand sites in Wales that is officially designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Named Y Garth, it is regarded as "one of the best examples in Wales of such a formation dating from this period" and "has helped geologists reconstruct the environment of Wales at the end of the last Ice Age".[citation needed]

The site is largely undisturbed by industrial human activity apart from an old and disused coal mine with many of the rocks carried from far afield during the last Ice Age is still exposed for scientific study today. There is also an old school present which has since been converted into a bungalow. This has led the site being protected from development. Due to large size of the geological feature the River Tawe, Swansea's largest river, is diverted through natural means to the west towards Clydach. The site also contains a natural wall that drops suddenly 130 feet downwards at the front of the moraine due to the material from further up the valley being deposited.[8]

RoadsEdit

 
The B4291 passing through in Glais

The B4291 (Birchgrove Road) passes through the centre of the village, providing a route between Clydach and Skewen. Ynysymond Road runs from Glais to Alltwen.

Public transport bus service First Group operate four bus routes through Glais. Routes 61 and 67 operate Monday to Friday which travels to Llansamlet to Swansea College and Clydach to Tycoch College accordingly, while Route 144 travels from Swansea City Centre to Morriston Hospital via Bonymaen, Trallwn, Tesco, Asda and Morriston and Route 145 travels from Swansea City Centre to Morriston but this time via Bonymaen, Tesco, Birchgrove and Clydach. Both of these Routes operate from Monday to Saturday. South Wales Transport operates service '213' to one of the local schools: Cwmtawe Community School.

There are nearby Comprehensive Schools: Birchgrove Comprehensive and Cwmtawe Comprehensive. Birchgrove provides free bus travel through private contractors; Cwmtawe pupils pay a small fee.

Glais Rugby ClubEdit

 
Glais RFC Clubhouse

Glais Rugby Club was formed in 1896 which along with Trebanos can lay claim to being one of the oldest teams in the Clydach district. Albert Harding, father of former Welsh international and British Lion winger Judge Rowe Harding, is credited as being the pioneer of the village's only and still surviving rugby club much to the opposition of a large group of residents against sport at the time.

Originally playing in green and gold colours this changed to blue and white hoops before finally settling to all blue. At the beginning of its existence Glais was considered a "nomadic" club playing their home games several sites including the Mond Field and Garth Field before establishing their home grounds permanently at Glais Rugby Field.

In 1912-1913 the club won it first major trophy as champions of the Swansea and District R.U. Challenge Cup, this came after losing out to the second division championship via a Play-Off game against Cwmtwrch at Ystalyfera. Estimates place crowd attendance above 3,000 which is far in excess of the population of Glais.

Glais Rugby Club ran out with much success during the 1920s and won several Swansea District titles between 1922 and 1927 which included one Fourth Division league and cup title, one third division league title, one second division cup title, three first division league titles and one first division cup title. Glais had also finished the 1928 season top of the First Division yet again however this triumph was invalidated after an administration error meant the club had not been registered at the beginning of the 1928 season.

To this day, the club remains an integral part of the Glais community and currently ply their trade in the SWALEC Division 5 South West. They enjoy a long and peaceful, yet fiercely competitive, rivalry with Vadre Rugby Club.[9][10]

Nicholas of GlaisEdit

 
Nicholas Road

Thomas Evan Nicholas, the famous Welsh poet and radical, known as Niclas y Glais, was a minister at Seion Chapel in Glais between 1904 and 1914. He helped found the Independent Labour Party, supported the coal miners of Glais in the disputes of 1905, 1909–10, and 1911, and was Welsh editor of the Merthyr Pioneer, the ILP newspaper. He opposed WW1, like his close friend Keir Hardie, and in 1918 he stood as the ILP candidate in Merthyr and Aberdare, Hardie's old seat. He was a foundation member of the Communist Party when it was set up in 1920. He is popularly known as Nicholas of Glais and the street Nicholas Road in the same village is named directly after him.

He was famous for poems which concentrated on injustice, the battles between the working class and the power of capital, as well as pacifism. Arrested in WW2 at the same time as the Communist South Wales Miners leaders, he was not released when the miners went on strike until their leaders were released, but was kept in prison for four months - first in Swansea, then in Brixton. He was denied paper lest he writes something to stop the war. They allowed him chalk and a slate. The poems he wrote in Welsh are available into English translated by Dewi Emrys in "Prison Sonnets". The most significant poem there is titled 'Terminus'. Asked how could a Congregational Minister write such a poem ending "..Give me man's hell. not God's remorseless Heaven," he replied "You must use language people can understand, and, it is only the problems that make Life interesting.[11]

He was subject to injustice under the intense examination of MI5. He was finally released due to lack of evidence.[12][13][14]

Greyhound racingEdit

Glais Stadium hosted greyhound racing from 1927 until 1939.

Local mediaEdit

In 2014, Glais Forum was set up as a Facebook group to keep the villagers of Glais up to date with matters affecting their community. As of November 2020, the group has 900 contributing members.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Glais, Wales, United Kingdom". Collins Maps. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "ELEMENTS 'G'". someplacenamesinsouthwales.com. Retrieved 27 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Glais". Countryside Books. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Capel Seion, Glais, Ynysymond, Glamorgan". Retrieved 28 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Equestrianism and Pedestrianism at Glais Race Course". Arena Pontardawe. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "GLAIS RACECOURSE, GLAIS STADIUM, SWANSEA". Royal Commission. Retrieved 28 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Centenary to recall those who perished with Titanic". Retrieved 28 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ GEOCaching. "The Glais Moraine Earthcache". Retrieved 28 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ "The Glais Rugby Story" (PDF). Retrieved 27 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Rugby Union Leagues on Pitchero". Retrieved 27 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ personal communication Ilyan Thomas[verification needed]
  12. ^ Thomas, Guto (23 October 2004). "Secrets of jailed rebel exposed". BBC News. Retrieved 27 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "T. E. Nicholas (Niclas y Glais) (1879-1971)". Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ https://biography.wales/article/s8-NICH-EVA-1879 Biography of T.E. Nicholas by D. Ben Rees in Welsh Biography Online, National Library of Wales