Giske is an island municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The municipality lies north-northwest of the town of Ålesund in the traditional district of Sunnmøre. The municipal centre is Valderhaugstrand. Other population centres include the villages of Roald (on Vigra island) and Alnes and Leitebakk (both on Godøya island). The municipality is part of the Ålesund Region.

Giske kommune
View of Giske
View of Giske
Official logo of Giske kommune
Giske within Møre og Romsdal
Giske within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°33′45″N 06°06′07″E / 62.56250°N 6.10194°E / 62.56250; 6.10194Coordinates: 62°33′45″N 06°06′07″E / 62.56250°N 6.10194°E / 62.56250; 6.10194
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Established1 Jan 1908
 • Preceded byBorgund Municipality
Administrative centreValderhaugstrand
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Harry Valderhaug (KrF)
Area
 • Total40.54 km2 (15.65 sq mi)
 • Land39.88 km2 (15.40 sq mi)
 • Water0.66 km2 (0.25 sq mi)  1.6%
 • Rank#349 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,462
 • Rank#125 in Norway
 • Density212.2/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +20.4%
Official language
 • Norwegian formNynorsk
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1532
WebsiteOfficial website

The 41-square-kilometre (16 sq mi) municipality is the 349th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Giske is the 125th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 8,462. The municipality's population density is 212.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) and its population has increased by 20.4% over the previous 10-year period.[2][3]

General informationEdit

 
View of the islands of Giske

Giske Municipality was established on 1 January 1908 when it was separated from the large municipality of Borgund. The initial population of the new municipality was 1,708 and it included the islands of Valderøya, Godøya, and Giske. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. Then on 1 January 1964, the neighbouring Vigra Municipality (on the island of Vigra) was merged into Giske Municipality. The newly enlarged municipality had a population of 4,644.[4]

NameEdit

The municipality is named after the farm and island of Giske (Old Norse: Gizki), since the first Giske Church was built there. The name is (probably) identical with the word gizki which means "tablecloth" or "rag" (maybe because the island is small and flat).[5]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 14 June 1985, but it has old roots. It is a gold lion rampant (i.e. in walking position) guardant (i.e. facing the viewer) on a blue shield. The arms are based on the old seal of Erling Vidkunsson, who already used the lion on his seal in 1355. His family was one of the most wealthy and influential families in the county, and had their origins and estate on Giske.[6]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Giske. It is part of the Nordre Sunnmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Giske
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Giske Giske Church Giske 1170
Godøy Chapel Geilevika on Godøya 1953
Valderøy Valderøy Church Nordstrand 1961
Vigra Vigra Church Vigra 1894

Recording StudioEdit

Giske Harbor Hall (Øygardshallen) is an internationally-renowned, purpose-built recording studio located on the shore of the Giske island's former harbor. It looks like an old boathouse and also operates as a concert hall. The british band New Model Army recorded its album "From Here" (2019) in this special recording studio. [7]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Giske, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Sunnmøre District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Giske is made up of 23 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Interestingly, in the 2007 municipal elections, Giske recorded the highest vote for the Christian Democratic Party in all of Norway at 43.2 percent. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Giske Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Cross-party list for Giske (Tverrpolitisk liste for Giske)3
Total number of members:23
Giske Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Cross-party list for Giske (Tverrpolitisk liste for Giske)3
Total number of members:23
Giske Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:23
Giske Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)10
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:23
Giske Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:23
Giske Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)11
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)10
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:27
Giske Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)25
Total number of members:27
Giske Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:13
Giske Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:13
Giske Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Giske Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Giske Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Giske Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

MayorEdit

The mayors of Giske (incomplete list):

  • 2015-present: Harry Valderhaug (KrF)
  • 2003-2015: Knut Støbakk (KrF)

GeographyEdit

 
A beach in Giske on Giske island

The municipality is composed of four main islands: Giske, which gives its name to the municipality because of its historical importance, Vigra, which is where Ålesund's airport is located, Valderøya, where the municipal administration is located, and Godøya. There are also many smaller islands within its boundaries. The Alnes Lighthouse, Erkna Lighthouse, and Storholmen lighthouse are all located on islands in the municipality.

The main islands are all connected to the mainland of Norway by a network of tunnels and bridges. Godøy Tunnel connects Godøy to Giske island. Giske Bridge connects Giske island and Valderøy. A causeway connects Vigra island and Valderøy island. All islands are connected to Valderøy island which is where the main Valderøy Tunnel connects the whole municipality to Ellingsøya island in Ålesund Municipality. Finally, the Ellingsøy Tunnel connects that island to the town of Ålesund.

ClimateEdit

Giske is situated at the coast and has a temperate oceanic climate (Cfb) with very mild winters for the latitude, sometimes with strong winds in winter and late autumn. The average daily high varies from 5 °C (41 °F) in January and February to 17 °C (63 °F) in July and August. All-time high is 30 °C (86 °F) recorded 28 July 2018, while the all-time low is −11.9 °C (10.6 °F) recorded January 2016. Winter lows rarely go below −8 °C (18 °F). Coldest month on record was February 1966 with mean −1.5 °C (29.3 °F), warmest month was August 2003 with mean 16.9 °C (62.4 °F).

Climate data for Ålesund Airport Vigra 1991-2020 (22 m, recording since 1958)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
2.8
(37.0)
3.6
(38.5)
5.9
(42.6)
8.7
(47.7)
11.4
(52.5)
13.7
(56.7)
14.3
(57.7)
12.2
(54.0)
8.6
(47.5)
5.9
(42.6)
4
(39)
7.9
(46.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 146
(5.7)
125
(4.9)
122
(4.8)
76
(3.0)
72
(2.8)
80
(3.1)
81
(3.2)
125
(4.9)
150
(5.9)
162
(6.4)
147
(5.8)
165
(6.5)
1,451
(57)
Source: yr.no [27]

HistoryEdit

Giske is the site of Mjelthaugen, an ancient burial place dating from the Bronze Age. The site was the location of excavations in 1847, 1867 and 1878. Giske is also the place where, according to Snorre Sturlason, Harald Fairhair had his hair cut after uniting Norway. The historic Giske Church is also located on the island of Giske.[28]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Tora Torbergsdatter (born 1025 on Giske – ca.1066) a Norwegian royal consort and the mother of two kings of Norway
  • Peggy Hessen Følsvik (born 1960 in Vigra) a Norwegian trade unionist
  • Marianne Synnes (born 1970 in Vigra) a medical laboratory scientist, molecular biologist and politician

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 188.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  7. ^ "The remote island recording studio offering the perfect creative environment". CNN. 2018-04-13. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  10. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  27. ^ "yr.no/met.no".
  28. ^ "Giske church and Mjelthaugen". VisitGiske.no.

External linksEdit