Open main menu

Gifhorn (German pronunciation: [ˈɡɪfhɔʁn] (About this soundlisten)] is a town and capital of the district of Gifhorn in the east of Lower Saxony, Germany. It has a population of about 42,000 and is mainly influenced by the small distance to the more industrial and commercially important cities nearby, Brunswick and Wolfsburg. Further, Gifhorn is part of the Hanover-Brunswick-Göttingen-Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region. The Municipality Gifhorn includes the villages of Gamsen, Gifhorn, Kästorf, Neubokel, Wilsche and Winkel.

Gifhorn
Old town hall
Old town hall
Coat of arms of Gifhorn
Coat of arms
Location of Gifhorn
Gifhorn is located in Germany
Gifhorn
Gifhorn
Gifhorn is located in Lower Saxony
Gifhorn
Gifhorn
Coordinates: 52°29′19″N 10°32′47″E / 52.48861°N 10.54639°E / 52.48861; 10.54639Coordinates: 52°29′19″N 10°32′47″E / 52.48861°N 10.54639°E / 52.48861; 10.54639
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictGifhorn
Subdivisions6 districts
Government
 • MayorMatthias Nerlich (CDU)
Area
 • Total104.86 km2 (40.49 sq mi)
Elevation
50 - 68 m (−173 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total42,239
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
38501–38510, 38516, 38518
Dialling codes05371
Vehicle registrationGF
Websitewww.stadt-gifhorn.de

The oldest verifiable source attests the existence of the city in the year 1196.

Gifhorn is home to the International Wind- and Watermill Museum, which contains a comprehensive collection and working replicas of the world's most common windmills.

Contents

GeographyEdit

Gifhorn lies at the confluence of the Rivers Ise and Aller. Gifhorn is situated about 20 km (12 mi) north of the city of Brunswick and about 15 km (9 mi) west of Wolfsburg. In the city, the Bundesstraße 4 and 188 meet. At the northern end of the city, the Lüneburg Heath starts.

HistoryEdit

Gifhorn was first mentioned in 1196. It was located at the crossing of two then important merchant routes: The salt street (German: Salzstraße) being a main trading route for salt between Lüneburg and Brunswick, and the grain street (German: Kornstraße) transporting grain between Celle and Magdeburg.

EducationEdit

Schools in Gifhorn include the Humboldt Gymnasium, the Otto-Hahn-Gymnasium, Fritz-Reuter-Realschule, Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Realschule, Albert-Schweitzer-Hauptschule and the Berufsbildenden Schulen I and II. Alfred-Teves-Schule, which was called Volksschule Süd between 1954 and 1958, was open between 1954 and 2010.

TransportEdit

The Gifhorn rail station is in the southern part of the town.

In the city, the Bundesstraße 4 and 188 meet.

 
Gifhorn old Town hall
 
Cavalier house 1546

International relationsEdit

The Bells PalaceEdit

Glocken-Palast, or The Bells Palace, is a monument and large building in Gifhorn. It was completed after 16 years of construction, combining various Russian timber building styles. Its cornerstone was laid by former Russian president Mikhail Gorbachev in 1996.[2]

It was built as a centre to promote cultural exchange across Europe, following the fall of the Iron Curtain.[3]

The Bells Palace will host events and exhibitions celebrating peace, freedom and cultural diversity.

Sons and daughters of the cityEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2017
  2. ^ "Bells palace". www.manager.co.th. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  3. ^ Leonid, Louneev. "Russian palace completed in Germany after 16 years". BBC News. Retrieved 18 July 2013.

External linksEdit