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The German motorcycle Grand Prix, first held in 1925, is since 1952 part of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing World Championship.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first two Großer Preis von Deutschland races were held at Berlin's AVUS before moving to the new the purpose-built Nürburgring which was used in its full 28 km configuration. No GP was held in 1932, in 1933 the AVUS was given another try, and since 1934, public roads near and through Hohenstein-Ernstthal in Saxony were in use, initially without the name Sachsenring which had been used elsewhere. It was adopted in 1937.

After the war, in 1949, two German states were founded, and the FIM introduced a motorcycle World Championship in which neither Germans nor German race tracks could participate due to still being banned. In the (Western) Federal Republic of Germany, a strong motorcycle industry (NSU, DKW etc.) emerged in the early 1950s, as cars were not yet affordable. With the Sachsenring being now in the (Eastern) German Democratic Republic (GDR), a new venue had to be selected. The Nürburgring was damaged and due to its length not very suitable. The Solitudering near Stuttgart had a challenging layout and due to proximity of a major city, the crowds were large, but the narrow roads had to be widened. In 1953, the Schottenring near Fulda was chosen, but due to lack of safety, it was partially boycotted, and only the small classes races had WC status. Attendance at the Nürburgring, which was by now used in its 22.8 km Nordschleife configuration, was disappointing. Former DKW and NSU factory rider and world record setter Wilhelm Herz promoted the Hockenheimring successfully. Thus, with Hockenheim (in odd-numbered years) and Solitude, two tracks in the southwestern state of Baden-Württemberg shared the German GP until the mid-1960s, when the Solitude was abandoned and replaced by the Nürburgring. There, the lesser known 7.7 km Südschleife was used twice, as in the Eifelrennen races which often attracted international entrants, but that part of the track was not rebuilt in 1970/71; thus in the even years from 1970 to 1980, the famous Nordschleife was used.

In that time, also the "Grand Prix of the GDR", held on the Sachsenring, was part of the WC from 1961 to 1972. It is referred to as East German GP, EGER for short on the Moto GP website. During that period the German GP was also referred to as West German GP (WGER), even though its name never changed.

The popularity of motorcycles sharply fell in late 1950s Germany, as now everyone aspired to get an automobile. Only BMW survived, dominating side car racing. The East German brand MZ had made groundbreaking progress in two stroke technology, but due to defecting personnel and other problems, they fell behind in the late 1960s. After West German Dieter Braun won the East German race on the Sachsenring in 1971, the crowd sung the (West) German anthem, the Deutschlandlied.[1] To prevent further "demonstrations", the East German politicians, otherwise eager to gain international recognition, sacrificed the event's World Championship status, limiting entry of riders from Western states from 1972 onwards. With mainly riders from other Eastern bloc socialist states taking part, it was still called Großer Preis der DDR until 1977, when it was renamed Großer Preis des ADMV der DDR after the motorsports governing body.

In 1974, the event on the improved Nürburgring Nordschleife was boycotted by championship contenders as the track had not been fitted with enough straw bales. Traditionally, the Eifelrennen hosted motorcycle and automobile racing on the same weekend. Safety demands became problematic, as drivers asked for armco and catch fences, while rider safety requires unobstructed surroundings, with walls of straw bales in front of obstacles. With Agostini and others holding out, German amateur riders took all wins; with Edmund Czihak's win in the 500cc class remains the only race won by a German rider in the premier class (both in the 500cc era and the MotoGP era). The Eifelrennen in spring became an automobile event, and the GP became a separate event in August.

A few years later, in 1980, the last German GP was held on the Nordschleife, with the new GP track taking over in 1984.

The additional 1986 Baden-Württemberg Grand Prix (at Hockenheim) counted towards the WC only for 80cc and 125cc classes.

In 1998, after having become rather unpopular first at Hockenheim and then at Nürburgring due to the style of the promoters, the German motorcycle Grand Prix moved to new promoters, and to the shortened purpose-built Sachsenring where it became a sell-out event since.

Track galleryEdit

Winners of the motorcycle Grand Prix of GermanyEdit

Multiple winners (riders)Edit

# Wins Rider Wins
Category Years won
13   Giacomo Agostini 500 cc 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1975, 1976
350 cc 1965, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971
10   Marc Márquez MotoGP 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Moto2 2011, 2012
125 cc 2010
8   Carlo Ubbiali 250 cc 1956, 1957, 1959
125 cc 1953, 1955, 1957, 1958, 1959
  Ángel Nieto 125 cc 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1984
50 cc 1970, 1975, 1976
6   Valentino Rossi MotoGP 2002, 2005, 2006, 2009
250 cc 1999
125 cc 1997
  Dani Pedrosa MotoGP 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012
250 cc 2004, 2005
5   John Surtees 500 cc 1958, 1959, 1960
350 cc 1958, 1959
  Jim Redman 500 cc 1966
350 cc 1963, 1964
250 cc 1962
125 cc 1964
  Mike Hailwood 500 cc 1964, 1965
350 cc 1966, 1967
250 cc 1966
  Phil Read 500 cc 1973
250 cc 1964, 1965, 1971
125 cc 1968
  Stefan Dörflinger 50 cc 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1985

Multiple winners (manufacturers)Edit

# Wins Manufacturer Wins
Category Years won
42   Honda MotoGP 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
500 cc 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000
250 cc 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1996, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006
Moto3 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
125 cc 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999
18   Aprilia 250 cc 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006
125 cc 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011
6   KTM Moto2 2018
250 cc 2007
Moto3 2012, 2013, 2014
125 cc 2005
5   Yamaha MotoGP 2005, 2006, 2009
500 cc 2001
250 cc 2000
4   Suzuki 500 cc 1990, 1991, 1995, 1999
  Suter Moto2 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
  Kalex Moto2 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019
3   Derbi 125 cc 2000, 2008, 2010
2   Gilera 250 cc 2008, 2009

By yearEdit

A pink background indicates an event that was not part of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing championship.

Year Track MotoE Moto3 Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2019 Sachsenring   Niki Tuuli Energica   Lorenzo Dalla Porta Honda   Álex Márquez Kalex   Marc Márquez Honda Report
Year Track Moto3 Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2018 Sachsenring   Jorge Martín Honda   Brad Binder KTM   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2017 Sachsenring   Joan Mir Honda   Franco Morbidelli Kalex   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2016 Sachsenring   Khairul Idham Pawi Honda   Johann Zarco Kalex   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2015 Sachsenring   Danny Kent Honda   Xavier Siméon Kalex   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2014 Sachsenring   Jack Miller KTM   Dominique Aegerter Suter   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2013 Sachsenring   Álex Rins KTM   Jordi Torres Suter   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2012 Sachsenring   Sandro Cortese KTM   Marc Márquez Suter   Dani Pedrosa Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2011 Sachsenring   Héctor Faubel Aprilia   Marc Márquez Suter   Dani Pedrosa Honda Report
2010 Sachsenring   Marc Márquez Derbi   Toni Elías Moriwaki   Dani Pedrosa Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc 250 cc MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2009 Sachsenring   Julián Simón Aprilia   Marco Simoncelli Gilera   Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2008 Sachsenring   Mike Di Meglio Derbi   Marco Simoncelli Gilera   Casey Stoner Ducati Report
2007 Sachsenring   Gábor Talmácsi Aprilia   Hiroshi Aoyama KTM   Dani Pedrosa Honda Report
2006 Sachsenring   Mattia Pasini Aprilia   Yuki Takahashi Honda   Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2005 Sachsenring   Mika Kallio KTM   Dani Pedrosa Honda   Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2004 Sachsenring   Roberto Locatelli Aprilia   Dani Pedrosa Honda   Max Biaggi Honda Report
2003 Sachsenring   Stefano Perugini Aprilia   Roberto Rolfo Honda   Sete Gibernau Honda Report
2002 Sachsenring   Arnaud Vincent Aprilia   Marco Melandri Aprilia   Valentino Rossi Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc 250 cc 500 cc Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2001 Sachsenring   Simone Sanna Aprilia   Marco Melandri Aprilia   Max Biaggi Yamaha Report
2000 Sachsenring   Youichi Ui Derbi   Olivier Jacque Yamaha   Alex Barros Honda Report
1999 Sachsenring   Marco Melandri Honda   Valentino Rossi Aprilia   Kenny Roberts, Jr. Suzuki Report
1998 Sachsenring   Tomomi Manako Honda   Tetsuya Harada Aprilia   Michael Doohan Honda Report
1997 Nürburgring   Valentino Rossi Aprilia   Tetsuya Harada Aprilia   Michael Doohan Honda Report
1996 Nürburgring   Masaki Tokudome Aprilia   Ralf Waldmann Honda   Luca Cadalora Honda Report
1995 Nürburgring   Haruchika Aoki Honda   Max Biaggi Aprilia   Daryl Beattie Suzuki Report
1994 Hockenheim   Dirk Raudies Honda   Loris Capirossi Honda   Michael Doohan Honda Report
1993 Hockenheim   Dirk Raudies Honda   Doriano Romboni Honda   Daryl Beattie Honda Report
1992 Hockenheim   Bruno Casanova Aprilia   Pierfrancesco Chili Aprilia   Michael Doohan Honda Report
1991 Hockenheim   Ralf Waldmann Honda   Helmut Bradl Honda   Kevin Schwantz Suzuki Report
1990 Nürburgring GP-Strecke   Doriano Romboni Honda   Wilco Zeelenberg Honda   Kevin Schwantz Suzuki Report
Year Track 80 cc 125 cc 250 cc 500 cc Report
1989 Hockenheim   Peter Öttl   Àlex Crivillé   Sito Pons   Wayne Rainey Report
1988 Nürburgring GP-Strecke   Jorge Martínez   Ezio Gianola   Luca Cadalora   Kevin Schwantz Report
1987 Hockenheim   Gerhard Waibel   Fausto Gresini   Anton Mang   Eddie Lawson Report
1986 Nürburgring GP-Strecke   Manuel Herreros   Luca Cadalora   Carlos Lavado   Eddie Lawson Report
1985 Hockenheim   Stefan Dörflinger   August Auinger   Martin Wimmer   Christian Sarron Report
1984 Nürburgring GP-Strecke   Stefan Dörflinger   Ángel Nieto   Christian Sarron   Freddie Spencer Report
Year Track 50 cc 125 cc 250 cc 500 cc Report
1983 Hockenheim   Stefan Dörflinger   Ángel Nieto   Carlos Lavado   Kenny Roberts Report
Year Track 50 cc 125 cc 250 cc 350 cc 500 cc Report
1982 Hockenheim   Eugenio Lazzarini   Anton Mang   Manfred Herweh   Randy Mamola Report
1981 Hockenheim   Stefan Dörflinger   Ángel Nieto   Anton Mang   Anton Mang   Kenny Roberts Report
1980 Nürburgring Nordschleife   Stefan Dörflinger   Guy Bertin   Kork Ballington   Jon Ekerold   Marco Lucchinelli Report
1979 Hockenheim   Gerhard Waibel   Ángel Nieto   Kork Ballington   Jon Ekerold   Wil Hartog Report
1978 Nürburgring Nordschleife   Ricardo Tormo   Ángel Nieto   Kork Ballington   Takazumi Katayama   Virginio Ferrari Report
1977 Hockenheim   Herbert Rittberger   Pier Paolo Bianchi   Christian Sarron   Takazumi Katayama   Barry Sheene Report
1976 Nürburgring Nordschleife   Ángel Nieto   Anton Mang   Walter Villa   Walter Villa   Giacomo Agostini Report
1975 Hockenheim   Ángel Nieto   Paolo Pileri   Walter Villa   Johnny Cecotto   Giacomo Agostini Report
1974 Nürburgring Nordschleife [2]   Ingo Emmerich   Fritz Reitmaier   Helmut Kassner   Helmut Kassner   Edmund Czihak Report
1973 Hockenheim   Theo Timmer   Kent Andersson   Jarno Saarinen   Teuvo Länsivuori   Phil Read Report
1972 Nürburgring Nordschleife [3]   Jan de Vries   Gilberto Parlotti   Hideo Kanaya   Jarno Saarinen   Giacomo Agostini Report
1971 Hockenheim   Jan de Vries   Dave Simmonds   Phil Read   Giacomo Agostini   Giacomo Agostini Report
1970 Nürburgring Nordschleife [4]   Ángel Nieto   John Dodds   Kel Carruthers   Giacomo Agostini   Giacomo Agostini Report
1969 Hockenheim   Aalt Toersen   Dave Simmonds   Kent Andersson   Giacomo Agostini   Giacomo Agostini Report
1968 Nürburgring Südschleife [5]   Hans-Georg Anscheidt   Phil Read   Bill Ivy   Giacomo Agostini   Giacomo Agostini Report
1967 Hockenheim   Hans-Georg Anscheidt   Yoshimi Katayama   Ralph Bryans   Mike Hailwood   Giacomo Agostini Report
1966 Hockenheim   Hans-Georg Anscheidt   Luigi Taveri   Mike Hailwood   Mike Hailwood   Jim Redman Report
1965 Nürburgring Südschleife[6]   Ralph Bryans   Hugh Anderson   Phil Read   Giacomo Agostini   Mike Hailwood Report
1964 Solitude   Ralph Bryans   Jim Redman   Phil Read   Jim Redman   Mike Hailwood Report
1963 Hockenheim   Hugh Anderson   Ernst Degner   Tarquinio Provini   Jim Redman Report
1962 Solitude   Ernst Degner   Luigi Taveri   Jim Redman Report
1961 Hockenheim   Miro Zelnik   Ernst Degner   Kunimitsu Takahashi   František Šťastný   Gary Hocking Report
Year Track 125cc 250cc 350cc 500cc Report
1960 Solitude   Gary Hocking   John Surtees Report
1959 Hockenheim   Carlo Ubbiali   Carlo Ubbiali   John Surtees   John Surtees Report
1958 Nürburgring Nordschleife[7]   Carlo Ubbiali   Tarquinio Provini   John Surtees   John Surtees Report
1957 Hockenheim   Carlo Ubbiali   Carlo Ubbiali   Libero Liberati   Libero Liberati Report
1956 Solitude   Romolo Ferri   Carlo Ubbiali   Bill Lomas   Reg Armstrong Report
1955 Nürburgring Nordschleife[8]   Carlo Ubbiali   Hermann Paul Müller   Bill Lomas   Geoff Duke Report
1954 Solitude   Rupert Hollaus   Werner Haas   Ray Amm   Geoff Duke Report
1953 Schottenring   Carlo Ubbiali   Werner Haas   Carlo Bandirola   Walter Zeller Report
1952 Solitude   Werner Haas   Rudi Felgenheier   Reg Armstrong   Reg Armstrong Report
1951 Solitude   Hermann Paul Müller   Enrico Lorenzetti   Geoff Duke   Geoff Duke Report
Year Track 175 cc 250 cc 350 cc 500 cc Report
1939 Sachsenring   Nello Pagani   Walter Hamelehle   Dorino Serafini Report
1938 Sachsenring   Ewald Kluge   John White   Georg Meier Report
1937 Sachsenring   Ewald Kluge   Harold Daniell   Karl Gall Report
1936 Sachsenring (Hohenstein-Ernstthal)   H. G. Tyrell Smith   Freddie Frith   Jimmie Guthrie Report
1935 Sachsenring (Hohenstein-Ernstthal)   Walfried Winkler   Walter Rusk   Jimmie Guthrie Report
1934 Sachsenring (Hohenstein-Ernstthal)   H. G. Tyrell Smith   Jimmie Simpson   Otto Ley Report
1933 AVUS   Charlie Dodson   Ernst Loof   Josef Stelzer Report
1932
1931 Nürburgring Nordschleife   Elvetio Toricelli   H. G. Tyrell Smith   Stanley Woods Report
1930 Nürburgring Nordschleife   Les Crabtree   Jimmie Guthrie   Graham Walker Report
1929 Nürburgring Nordschleife   Arthur Geiß   Syd Crabtree   Wal Handley   H. G. Tyrell Smith Report
1928 Nürburgring Nordschleife   Arthur Geiß   Syd Crabtree   Pietro Ghersi   Charlie Dodson Report
1927 Nürburgring Nordschleife   Willy Henkelmann   Cecil Ashby   Jimmie Simpson   Graham Walker Report
1926 AVUS   Kurt Friedrich   Jock Porter   Jimmie Simpson   Josef Stelzer Report
1925 AVUS   Willy Zick   Cecil Ashby   Miro Maffeis   Paul Köppen Report

Winners of the East German motorcycle Grand PrixEdit

A pink background indicates an event that was not part of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing championship.

Year Track 50 cc 125 cc 250 cc 350 cc 500 cc Report
1972 Sachsenring   Theo Timmer   Börje Jansson   Jarno Saarinen   Phil Read   Giacomo Agostini Report
1971 Sachsenring   Ángel Nieto   Ángel Nieto   Dieter Braun   Giacomo Agostini   Giacomo Agostini Report
1970 Sachsenring   Aalt Toersen   Ángel Nieto   Rod Gould   Giacomo Agostini   Giacomo Agostini Report
1969 Sachsenring   Ángel Nieto   Dave Simmonds   Renzo Pasolini   Giacomo Agostini   Giacomo Agostini Report
1968 Sachsenring   Phil Read   Bill Ivy   Giacomo Agostini   Giacomo Agostini Report
1967 Sachsenring   Bill Ivy   Phil Read   Mike Hailwood   Giacomo Agostini Report
1966 Sachsenring   Luigi Taveri   Mike Hailwood   Giacomo Agostini   František Šťastný Report
1965 Sachsenring   Frank Perris   Jim Redman   Jim Redman   Mike Hailwood Report
1964 Sachsenring   Hugh Anderson   Phil Read   Jim Redman   Mike Hailwood Report
1963 Sachsenring   Hugh Anderson   Mike Hailwood   Mike Hailwood   Mike Hailwood Report
1962 Sachsenring   Jan Huberts   Luigi Taveri   Jim Redman   Jim Redman   Mike Hailwood Report
Year Track 125cc 250cc 350cc 500cc Report
1961 Sachsenring   Ernst Degner   Mike Hailwood   Gary Hocking   Gary Hocking Report
1960 Sachsenring   Ernst Degner   John Hempleman   Jim Redman   John Hempleman Report
1959 Sachsenring   Werner Musiol   Gary Hocking   John Hempleman   Gary Hocking Report
1958 Sachsenring   Ernst Degner   Horst Fügner   Luigi Taveri   Dickie Dale Report

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Noyes, Dennis; Scott, Michael (1999), Motocourse: 50 Years Of Moto Grand Prix, Hazleton Publishing Ltd, ISBN 1-874557-83-7
  2. ^ "Image: nurburgring740428.jpg, (555 × 800 px)". progcovers.com. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  3. ^ "Image: nurburgring720430.jpg, (561 × 800 px)". progcovers.com. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  4. ^ "Image: nurburgring700503.jpg, (554 × 800 px)". progcovers.com. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  5. ^ "Image: nurburgring680421.jpg, (566 × 800 px)". progcovers.com. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  6. ^ "Image: nurburgring650425.jpg, (563 × 800 px)". progcovers.com. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  7. ^ "Image: nurburgring58_4.jpg, (562 × 800 px)". progcovers.com. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  8. ^ "Image: nurburgring55_3.jpg, (568 × 800 px)". progcovers.com. Retrieved 2015-09-16.