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List of Vuelta a España general classification winners

  (Redirected from General classification in the Vuelta a España)
Tony Rominger, who won the Vuelta three times

The Vuelta a España is an annual road bicycle race. Established in 1935 by the Spanish newspaper Informaciones, the Vuelta is one of cycling's three "Grand Tours", along with the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia.[1] Initially, the race was held in April/May, but in 1995 it was moved to September.[2] The race usually covers approximately 3,500 kilometres (2,200 mi), although this has varied, passing through Spain and countries with a close proximity in Europe.[3] The race is broken into day-long segments called stages. Individual finishing times for each stage are totalled to determine the overall winner at the end of the race. The course changes every year, but has traditionally finished in Madrid.[4]

Individual times to finish each stage are totalled to determine the winner of the general classification at the end of the race. The rider with the lowest aggregate time at the end of each day wears the leader's jersey. Since 2010 this has been a red jersey; previously it was gold.[5] Other classifications have been calculated: those still in use are the points classification, in 2010 represented by a green jersey; the mountains classification, in 2010 represented by a blue dotted jersey; and the combination classification, in 2010 represented by a white jersey.[6]

Roberto Heras holds the record of most victories with four, although his win in 2005 was only official after a successful appeal in court overturning his initial disqualification for EPO in the 2005 race.[7] Alberto Contador and Tony Rominger have both won three times. Spanish cyclists have won the most Vueltas; 23 cyclists have won 29 Vueltas between them. French cyclists are second with nine victories and Belgian riders are third with seven wins.[8] The current champion is Chris Froome of Team Sky, who won the 2017 Vuelta a España.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Alberto Contador in the gold jersey, which was replaced by a red jersey for 2010, representing the leader in the general classification.

The Vuelta a España was established in 1935 by the newspaper Informaciones following on from the success of the Tour de France and Giro d'Italia which had also been established by newspapers.[8] The first race was won by Gustaaf Deloor, who won again the following year.[9] The Vuelta was suspended for four years from 1937 to 1940 due to the Spanish Civil War. The first race after the civil war in 1941 was won by Julián Berrendero, who also won the following year. The Vuelta was suspended between 1943 and 1944 due to the Second World War. Delio Rodríguez won the first Vuelta after the war, Spanish riders won two more Vueltas in 1946 and 1948. The Vuelta was not held in 1949. Emilio Rodríguez was the victor in 1950, before the Vuelta was suspended from 1951 to 1954 as Spain's isolation during the Franco regime led to dwindling international interest in the race.[8]

Jean Dotto won the first Vuelta after the four-year suspension in 1955.[10] Angelo Conterno was the victor the following year, by a margin of 13 seconds over Jesús Loroño.[11] Loroño was victorious in 1957 with Conterno absent.[12] Rudi Altig became the first German to win the Vuelta in 1962. Frenchman Jacques Anquetil won in 1963, in doing so he became the first cyclist to win all three Grand Tours.[13] Belgian cyclist Eddy Merckx matched Anquetil's achievement in winning all three Grand Tours when he won the Vuelta in 1973.[14] The following year José Manuel Fuente won the Vuelta by 11 seconds.[15]

Bernard Hinault won the Vuelta in 1978, a year in which he also won the Tour de France. He won his second Vuelta in 1983.[16] The following year Éric Caritoux won the Vuelta by the smallest margin ever, he won by six seconds over Alberto Fernández.[9] Pedro Delgado won the Vuelta in 1985. Colombian Luis Herrera became the first non-European winner of the Vuelta in 1987.[8] Sean Kelly was victorious in 1988,[9] and the following year Delgado won his second Vuelta.[17]

Swiss riders dominated the 1990s; Tony Rominger won a record three Vueltas in succession from 1992 to 1994.[8] Laurent Jalabert was victorious in 1995, he also won the points and mountain classification becoming only the third person to win all these classifications in a single Grand Tour.[9] Alex Zülle won two Vueltas in succession in 1996 and 1999.[18] German Jan Ullrich was the victor in 1999.[19] Roberto Heras won his first Vuelta in 2000; he won a further two in 2003 and 2004.[20] In 2005 he appeared to have won a record fourth Vuelta, however he was later stripped of his title after failing a drug-control test. Second place Denis Menchov became the victor.[21]

Alexander Vinokourov won the 2006 Vuelta a España with the Astana team.[22] Menchov won his second tour in 2007.[23] Alberto Contador won the 2008 Vuelta; the victory meant he became the fifth cyclist to win all three Grand Tours.[24] Alejandro Valverde was the victor in 2009. The following year Valverde was unable to defend his title after being suspended for two years for his involvement in the Operación Puerto doping case.[25] Vincenzo Nibali won the 2010 Vuelta.[26] Juan José Cobo won the 2011 Vuelta a España by thirteen seconds.[27]

Contador won his second Vuelta in 2012.[28] American Chris Horner, became the oldest Grand Tour winner at the age of 41, when he won the Vuelta in 2013.[29] Contador won the race for the third time in 2014, as he beat Chris Froome by 1' 10".[30] Fabio Aru won in 2015, taking the red jersey from Tom Dumoulin in the second-to-last stage thanks to an excellent team strategy. Tactics played a key role in Nairo Quintana's 2016 win, when he aligned with Contador on the fifteenth stage and blew the race apart. In 2017, after six attempts which included three second-place finishes, Froome finally won the race that had eluded him and completed the rare Tour-Vuelta double, having just come off of his fourth Tour de France victory.

WinnersEdit

Key
  Winner won points classification in the same year
* Winner won mountains classification in the same year
# Winner won combination classification in the same year
  Winner won points and King of the Mountains classification in the same year
& Winner won points and combination classification in same year
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the competition was held, and wikilinks to the article about that season.
  • The "Distance" column refers to the distance over which the race was held.
  • The "Margin" column refers to the margin of time or points by which the winner defeated the runner-up.
  • The "Stage wins" column refers to the number of stage wins the winner had during the race.
Vuelta a España general classification winners
Year Country Cyclist Sponsor/team Distance Time Margin Stage wins
1935   Belgium Deloor, GustaafGustaaf Deloor &
3,245 km (2,016 mi) 120h 00' 07" + 13' 28" 3
1936   Belgium Deloor, GustaafGustaaf Deloor &
4,364 km (2,712 mi) 150h 07' 54" + 11' 39" 3
1937 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1938 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1939 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1940 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1941   Spain Berrendero, JuliánJulián Berrendero &
4,406 km (2,738 mi) 168h 45' 26" + 1' 07" 2
1942   Spain Berrendero, JuliánJulián Berrendero* &
3,688 km (2,292 mi) 134h 05' 09" + 8' 38" 2
1943 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1944 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1945   Spain Rodríguez, DelioDelio Rodríguez &
3,803 km (2,363 mi) 135h 43' 55" + 30' 08" 6
1946   Spain Langarica, DalmacioDalmacio Langarica &
3,836 km (2,384 mi) 137h 10' 38" + 17' 32" 6
1947   Belgium Van Dijck, EdwardEdward Van Dijck &
3,893 km (2,419 mi) 132h 27' 00" + 2' 14" 2
1948   Spain Ruiz, BernardoBernardo Ruiz Udsans–Portaminas Alas Color 3,990 km (2,480 mi) 155h 06' 30" + 9' 07" 3
1949 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1950   Spain Rodríguez, EmilioEmilio Rodríguez* &
3,932 km (2,443 mi) 134h 49' 19" + 15' 30" 5
1951 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1952 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1953 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1954 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1955   France Dotto, JeanJean Dotto France 2,740 km (1,700 mi) 81h 04' 02" + 3' 06" 0
1956   Italy Conterno, AngeloAngelo Conterno Italy 3,531 km (2,194 mi) 105h 37' 52" + 13" 1
1957   Spain Loroño, JesúsJesús Loroño Spain 2,967 km (1,844 mi) 84h 44' 06" + 8' 11" 1
1958   France Stablinski, JeanJean Stablinski France 3,241.8 km (2,014.4 mi) 94h 54' 21" + 2' 51" 1
1959   Spain Suárez, AntonioAntonio Suárez Licor 43 3,048 km (1,894 mi) 84h 36' 20" + 1' 06" 2
1960   Belgium De Mulder, FransFrans De Mulder Groene Leeuw–Sinalco–SAS 3,567 km (2,216 mi) 103h 05' 57" + 15' 21" 4
1961   Spain Soler, AngelinoAngelino Soler Faema 2,856.5 km (1,774.9 mi) 77h 36' 17" + 51" 1
1962   West Germany Altig, RudiRudi Altig  Saint-Raphaël–Helyett–Hutchinson 2,813 km (1,748 mi) 78h 35' 27" + 7' 14" 3
1963   France Anquetil, JacquesJacques Anquetil Saint-Raphaël–Gitane–R. Geminiani 2,442 km (1,517 mi) 64h 46' 20" + 3' 06" 1
1964   France Poulidor, RaymondRaymond Poulidor Mercier–BP–Hutchinson 2,860 km (1,780 mi) 78h 23' 35" + 33" 1
1965   West Germany Wolfshohl, RolfRolf Wolfshohl Mercier–BP–Hutchinson 3,410 km (2,120 mi) 92h 36' 03" + 6' 36" 0
1966   Spain Gabica, FranciscoFrancisco Gabica Kas–Kaskol 2,949.5 km (1,832.7 mi) 78h 53' 55" + 39" 1
1967   Netherlands Janssen, JanJan Janssen  Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune 2,941 km (1,827 mi) 76h 38' 04" + 1' 43" 1
1968   Italy Gimondi, FeliceFelice Gimondi Salvarani 3,014 km (1,873 mi) 78h 29' 00" + 2' 15" 1
1969   France Pingeon, RogerRoger Pingeon Peugeot–BP–Michelin 2,921.4 km (1,815.3 mi) 73h 18' 45" + 1' 54" 2
1970   Spain Ocaña, LuisLuis Ocaña Bic 3,568 km (2,217 mi) 89h 57' 12" + 1' 18" 2
1971   Belgium Bracke, FerdinandFerdinand Bracke Peugeot–BP–Michelin 2,892 km (1,797 mi) 73h 50' 05" + 59" 0
1972   Spain Fuente, José ManuelJosé Manuel Fuente# Kas–Kaskol 3,086.6 km (1,917.9 mi) 84h 34' 14" + 6' 34" 1
1973   Belgium Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx& Molteni 3,080.9 km (1,914.4 mi) 84h 40' 50" + 3' 46" 6
1974   Spain Fuente, José ManuelJosé Manuel Fuente Kas–Kaskol 2,991 km (1,859 mi) 84h 48' 18" + 11" 2
1975   Spain Tamames, AgustínAgustín Tamames Super Ser 3,104.4 km (1,929.0 mi) 88h 00' 56" + 14" 5
1976   Spain Pesarrodona, JoséJosé Pesarrodona Kas–Campagnolo 3,341 km (2,076 mi) 93h 19' 10" + 1' 03" 0
1977   Belgium Maertens, FreddyFreddy Maertens Flandria–Velda–Latina Assicurazioni 2,785.5 km (1,730.8 mi) 78h 54' 36" + 2' 51" 13
1978   France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault Renault–Gitane–Campagnolo 2,990 km (1,860 mi) 85h 24' 14" + 3' 02" 5
1979   Netherlands Zoetemelk, JoopJoop Zoetemelk Miko–Mercier–Vivagel 3,165.5 km (1,967.0 mi) 94h 57' 03" + 2' 43" 2
1980   Spain Rupérez, FaustinoFaustino Rupérez Zor–Vereco 3,226 km (2,005 mi) 88h 23' 21" + 2' 15" 2
1981   Italy Battaglin, GiovanniGiovanni Battaglin Inoxpran 3,531.3 km (2,194.2 mi) 98h 04' 49" + 2' 09" 1
1982   Spain Lejarreta, MarinoMarino Lejarreta Teka 3,423 km (2,127 mi) 95h 47' 23" + 18" 1
1983   France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault Renault–Elf 3,399 km (2,112 mi) 94h 28' 26" + 1' 12" 2
1984   France Caritoux, ÉricÉric Caritoux Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic 3,361.6 km (2,088.8 mi) 90h 08' 03" + 6" 1
1985   Spain Delgado, PedroPedro Delgado Orbea–Gin MG 3,467.6 km (2,154.7 mi) 95h 58' 00" + 36" 1
1986   Spain Pino, ÁlvaroÁlvaro Pino Zor–BH 3,675 km (2,284 mi) 98h 16' 04" + 1' 06" 1
1987   Colombia Herrera, LuisLuis Herrera* Café de Colombia–Varta 3,921.4 km (2,436.6 mi) 105h 34' 25" + 1' 04" 1
1988   Ireland Kelly, SeanSean Kelly  Kas–Canal 10 3,428.4 km (2,130.3 mi) 89h 19' 23" + 1' 27" 2
1989   Spain Delgado, PedroPedro Delgado Reynolds 3,656.6 km (2,272.1 mi) 93h 01' 17" + 35" 2
1990   Italy Giovannetti, MarcoMarco Giovannetti Seur 3,711 km (2,306 mi) 94h 36' 00" + 1' 28" 0
1991   Spain Mauri, MelciorMelcior Mauri ONCE 3,213.2 km (1,996.6 mi) 82h 48' 07" + 2' 52" 3
1992   Switzerland Rominger, TonyTony Rominger CLAS–Cajastur 3,558.1 km (2,210.9 mi) 96h 14' 50" + 1' 04" 1
1993   Switzerland Rominger, TonyTony Rominger  CLAS–Cajastur 3,585.5 km (2,227.9 mi) 96h 07' 03" + 29" 3
1994   Switzerland Rominger, TonyTony Rominger Mapei–CLAS 3,531.1 km (2,194.1 mi) 92h 07' 48" + 7' 28" 6
1995   France Jalabert, LaurentLaurent Jalabert  ONCE 3,637.6 km (2,260.3 mi) 95h 30' 33" + 4' 22" 5
1996   Switzerland Zülle, AlexAlex Zülle ONCE 3,947 km (2,453 mi) 97h 31' 46" + 6' 23" 1
1997   Switzerland Zülle, AlexAlex Zülle ONCE 3,759.2 km (2,335.9 mi) 91h 15' 55" + 5' 07" 1
1998   Spain Olano, AbrahamAbraham Olano Banesto 3,781 km (2,349 mi) 93h 44' 08" + 1' 23" 1
1999   Germany Ullrich, JanJan Ullrich Team Telekom 3,548.7 km (2,205.1 mi) 89h 52' 03" + 4' 15" 2
2000   Spain Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras  Kelme–Costa Blanca 2,894 km (1,798 mi) 70h 26' 14" + 2' 33" 2
2001   Spain Casero, ÁngelÁngel Casero Festina 3,012.2 km (1,871.7 mi) 70h 49' 05" + 47" 0
2002   Spain González, AitorAitor González Kelme–Costa Blanca 3,128.7 km (1,944.1 mi) 75h 13' 52" + 2' 14" 3
2003   Spain Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras U.S. Postal Service 2,958.3 km (1,838.2 mi) 69h 31' 52" + 28" 1
2004   Spain Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras# Liberty Seguros 2,894 km (1,798 mi) 77h 42' 46" + 2' 13" 1
2005   Spain Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras[A] Liberty Seguros–Würth 3,356 km (2,085 mi) 82h 22' 55" + 4' 36" 2
2006   Kazakhstan Vinokourov, AlexanderAlexander Vinokourov# Astana 3,202.1 km (1,989.7 mi) 81h 23' 07" + 1' 12" 3
2007   Russia Menchov, DenisDenis Menchov# Rabobank 3,291.3 km (2,045.1 mi) 80h 59' 07" + 3' 31" 1
2008   Spain Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador# Astana 3,142.5 km (1,952.7 mi) 80h 40' 08" + 46" 2
2009   Spain Valverde, AlejandroAlejandro Valverde# Caisse d'Epargne 3,293.6 km (2,046.5 mi) 87h 22' 37" + 55" 0
2010   Italy Nibali, VincenzoVincenzo Nibali# Liquigas–Doimo 3,333.8 km (2,071.5 mi) 87h 18' 33" + 3' 02" 0
2011   Spain Cobo, Juan JoséJuan José Cobo# Geox–TMC 3,300 km (2,100 mi) 84h 59' 31" + 13" 1
2012   Spain Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador Saxo Bank–Tinkoff Bank 3,360.2 km (2,087.9 mi) 84h 59' 49" +1' 16" 1
2013   United States Horner, ChrisChris Horner# RadioShack–Leopard 3,358.9 km (2,087.1 mi) 84h 36' 04" + 37" 1
2014   Spain Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador# Tinkoff–Saxo 3,181.5 km (1,976.9 mi) 81h 25' 05" +1' 10" 2
2015   Italy Aru, FabioFabio Aru Astana 3,358.1 km (2,086.6 mi) 85h 36' 13" +57" 0
2016   Colombia Quintana, NairoNairo Quintana# Movistar Team 3,315.4 km (2,060.1 mi) 83h 31' 28" + 1' 23" 1
2017   Great Britain Froome, ChrisChris Froome& Team Sky 3,324.1 km (2,065.5 mi) 82h 30' 02" + 2' 15" 2

Multiple winnersEdit

Multiple winners of the Vuelta a España general classification
Cyclist Total Years
  Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras (ESP) 4 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005
  Rominger, TonyTony Rominger (SUI) 3 1992, 1993, 1994
  Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador (ESP) 3 2008, 2012, 2014
  Deloor, GustaafGustaaf Deloor (BEL) 2 1935, 1936
  Berrendero, JuliánJulián Berrendero (ESP) 2 1941, 1942
  Fuente, José ManuelJosé Manuel Fuente (ESP) 2 1972, 1974
  Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) 2 1978, 1983
  Delgado, PedroPedro Delgado (ESP) 2 1985, 1989
  Zülle, AlexAlex Zülle (SUI) 2 1996, 1997

By nationalityEdit

Vuelta a España general classification winners by nationality
Nationality No. of winning cyclists No. of wins
  Spain 24 33
  France 8 9
  Belgium 6 7
  Italy 6 6
  Germany 3 3
   Switzerland 2 5
  Colombia 2 2
  Netherlands 2 2
  Ireland 1 1
  Kazakhstan 1 1
  Russia 1 1
  United States 1 1
  Great Britain 1 1

FootnotesEdit

A. ^ Roberto Heras was the winner at the podium ceremony in Madrid on the last day of the 2005 Vuelta a España, but subsequently was found to have tested positive for performance-enhancing drugs during stage 20 of the race. The Spanish cycling federation found him guilty of using Erythropoietin during the race and stripped him of his title, awarding the win to Denis Menchov.[21] However, in 2012 Roberto Heras was reinstated as the 2005 Vuelta a España champion when Spain's supreme court ruled in favor of Heras, citing procedural violations relating to the storage and handling of the urine samples.[31]

ReferencesEdit

General

  • "Palmares". Vuelta a España (in Spanish). Unipublic. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  • "Por años". Vuelta a España (in Spanish). Unipublic. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 

Bibliography

  • Howard, Paul (2011). Sex, Lies and Handlebar Tape. Random House. ISBN 1845969618. 

Specific

  1. ^ "FAQ". Union Cycliste Internationale. Archived from the original on 23 July 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2009. 
  2. ^ "Did the Vuelta's date change hurt the race?". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. 27 February 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Hakke, Bjorn. "Vuelta 2009: Easy start, tough ending". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 13 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "2009 Vuelta a España — 64th Edition of the Tour of Spain". Daily Peloton. 19 December 2008. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2010. 
  5. ^ Tyler, Richard (16 September 2009). "Vuelta start in Seville for 2010". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  6. ^ Haake, Bjorn (19 September 2009). "Millar takes Vuelta TT, Valverde seals overall". Velo Nation. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  7. ^ http://www.cyclingnews.com/news/heras-sues-for-one-million-euros
  8. ^ a b c d e "Vuelta a España O–Z". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 20 September 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Vuelta a España A–N". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. 7 September 2008. Retrieved 20 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Año 1955". Vuelta a España (in Spanish). Unipublic. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "Año 1956". Vuelta a España (in Spanish). Unipublic. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  12. ^ "Año 1957". Vuelta a España (in Spanish). Unipublic. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  13. ^ Howard (2011). Sex, Lies and Handlebar Tape. p. 13. 
  14. ^ "Eddy Merckx". Sports Reference. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  15. ^ "Año 1974". Vuelta a España (in Spanish). Unipublic. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  16. ^ "Bernard Hinault" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 4 October 2003. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  17. ^ "Pedro Delgado" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 4 October 2003. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  18. ^ "Alex Zülle" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 17 January 2005. Retrieved 20 September 2010. 
  19. ^ "Jan Ullrich" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2010. 
  20. ^ "Heras claims third Vuelta". BBC Sport. 26 September 2004. Retrieved 20 September 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "Heras contests two year drug ban". BBC Sport. 9 February 2005. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  22. ^ Fotherington, William (25 July 2007). "How Vinokourov was blooded into the Tour of infamy". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  23. ^ "Menchov targets Tour rather than Vuelta defense". Reuters. 19 February 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  24. ^ Birnie, Lionel (21 September 2008). "Contador quickest to complete Grand Tour set". Cycling Weekly. Archived from the original on 24 October 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  25. ^ "Alejandro Valverde given two-year global doping ban". BBC Sport. 31 May 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  26. ^ "Mark Cavendish wins historic Tour of Spain sprint title". BBC Sport. 19 September 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  27. ^ Les Clarke (11 September 2011). "Sagan steals final stage from pure sprinters". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  28. ^ "Alberto Contador wins second Vuelta a Espana title". BBC Sport. 9 September 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 
  29. ^ "Vuelta a Espana: Chris Horner, 41, is oldest Grand Tour winner". BBC Sport. 15 September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  30. ^ "Vuelta a Espana:Alberto Contador beat Chris Froome". BBC Sport. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  31. ^ "Roberto Heras regains 2005 Vuelta a Espana win". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 14 February 2017.