Terence Michael Joseph "Geezer" Butler (born 17 July 1949) is an English musician and songwriter. Butler is best known as the bassist and primary lyricist of the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. He has also recorded and performed with Heaven & Hell, GZR, and Ozzy Osbourne. He currently serves as bassist of Deadland Ritual.
Geezer Butler performing with Heaven & Hell in 2007.
|Birth name||Terence Michael Joseph Butler|
|Also known as||Geezer|
|Born||17 July 1949|
Aston, Birmingham, England
Butler received the nickname "Geezer" at approximately age eight, because he "used to call everybody Geezer" at school. "It was just a slang term for a man." 
Butler grew up in a working-class Irish Catholic family in Birmingham. The Butler family had seven children and were poor, typically having "no money whatsoever". Two of Butler's older brothers had been called upon to serve in the army, and in the Vietnam War era, Butler feared that he would be next. However, mandatory service was ended in England a couple of years before he was due to be conscripted.
Butler was heavily influenced by the writing of Aleister Crowley as a teenager. By his late teens, he had stopped attending Mass. He cited a loss of belief, and feels that everyone should sooner or later decide for themselves what to believe in. By the end "I was going to Mass every Sunday just to take a look at all the nice girls that were going there", he recalled years later.
Butler formed his first band, Rare Breed, in the autumn of 1967, with John "Ozzy" Osbourne soon joining as lead vocalist. At that time, Butler was dating a girl who lived near Tony Iommi, and Iommi's earliest memories of Butler involved seeing him walking past his house every day to visit her. Later, Iommi and Butler became acquainted when their bands played at a nearby nightclub. Separated for a time, Osbourne and Butler reunited in the blues foursome, Polka Tulk, along with guitarist Iommi and drummer Bill Ward, both of whom had recently left the band Mythology. They renamed their new band Earth, but a band already existed in the small-time English circuit with the same name, so they were forced to change the name yet again. Inspired by the popular Boris Karloff horror film of the same name, Butler suggested the name Black Sabbath in early 1969.
Inspired by John Lennon, Butler played rhythm guitar in his pre-Sabbath days, including with Rare Breed. When Sabbath was formed, Iommi made it clear that he did not want to play with another guitarist, so Butler moved to bass. According to Butler, "I'd never played bass until I was on stage at the first gig that we played. Borrowed the bass guitar off one of my friends and it only had three strings on it." Butler lists Jack Bruce of Cream as his biggest influence as a bassist. Iommi described Butler as being "from another planet" in the band's early days; he took LSD, wore Indian hippie dresses, and was very peaceful. At the time Black Sabbath was formed, Butler was studying to become an accountant, and this training resulted in him managing the band's finances in the early days.
After Black Sabbath fired vocalist Ozzy Osbourne in 1979, Butler also briefly left the band to deal with the divorce from his first wife. The 1980 album Heaven and Hell was actually recorded with bassist Craig Gruber but Butler returned to the band at the last minute and re-recorded the bass parts prior to release. He again left the band in 1984 after touring in support of their 1983 album, Born Again, though he returned months later as the band attempted a comeback with vocalist David Donato.
In 1988, Butler joined the backing band of his former Sabbath bandmate Osbourne to take part in the No Rest for the Wicked World Tour. He rejoined Black Sabbath in 1991 for the reunion of the Mob Rules line-up, but again quit the group after the Cross Purposes tour in 1994.
In 1995 Butler again joined Osbourne's band to perform on the Ozzmosis album. After recording Ozzmosis, he formed G/Z/R, issuing Plastic Planet in 1995. His next solo album, Black Science, followed in 1997. Butler returned to Sabbath once more for the 1997 edition of Ozzfest, and has remained with the band since. In 2005 he released Ohmwork, his third solo album. In October 2006 it was announced that Butler, along with Tony Iommi, would be reforming the Dehumanizer-era Black Sabbath line-up with Vinny Appice and Ronnie James Dio, under the name Heaven & Hell to differentiate between the reunited touring band fronted by Osbourne, and the current Sabbath line-up. He recorded and toured for the album "13" (2013) and the subsequent tour, reaching an end for the final tour in 2017.
Butler is married to Gloria Butler, who managed Heaven & Hell. He was divorced from his first wife in 1980. He also shares his Los Angeles home with several cats, of whom he has posted pictures on his website. His oldest son, Biff Butler, was the frontman in the nu metal band Apartment 26. Butler says Biff is very religious and brings up his children in the Catholic faith. Butler's other son James earned a degree in social sciences from Oxford University and resides in London. Butler describes him as "very politically minded". "My youngest is extremely left-wing, and I think it's because he was brought up knowing wealth and money, whereas I was brought up having no money whatsoever. That's where the church came in and made up for the lack of money because everybody knew each other in the street and everybody used to help each other out", Butler said.
Butler is a lifelong supporter of Aston Villa Football Club, and during Black Sabbath's induction to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Butler is heard shouting "Up the Villa" as the members of the band left the stage. He has referred to soccer as his "religion" and has stated that Villa legend Peter McParland is his "all-time hero".
According to Osbourne, Butler "never uses foul language". He was raised on a vegetarian diet, largely due to his family being too poor to buy meat on a regular basis, and is now a vegan since approximately 1994. His mother was also a vegetarian.
Butler appeared in a promotional ad for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals in 2009 and later urged fans to boycott Fortnum & Mason until they remove foie gras from their shelves. Butler said, "I've seen some outrageous things in my time, but watching those poor birds suffer simply so that their diseased livers can be sold on your shop floor is horrific!"
Over the years, Butler has become disillusioned with politics, saying "For me, it's almost pointless voting anymore because it seems to be the same no matter what party or politics you stand for. It all seems corrupted to me. It's all the same old people that rule the world." He has also expressed concern over the increasing level of control government has in people's lives. "Every time I go back to England, there are things that totally surprise me that you never think would happen in England, just all the CCTV everywhere. There seems to be so much control over people these days", he said in 2014.
In January 2015, Butler was briefly detained after a bar brawl in Death Valley, California and charged with misdemeanor assault, public intoxication and vandalism. He was released following detoxification and a citation. In 2016 he opened up about the event: "This guy started mouthing off about something. He was, like, some drunken Nazi bloke. He [...] started going on about Jews and everything - Jews this, Jews that. My missus is Jewish and I'd just had enough, and me hand sort of met his chin. I whacked him one."
Style and legacyEdit
Butler is noted as being one of the first bassists to use a wah pedal and to down-tune his instrument (from the standard E-A-D-G to the lower C#-F#-B-E), as exemplified on Black Sabbath's Master of Reality album, to match Iommi who had started tuning his guitar to C# (a minor third down). During the band's Ozzy Osbourne era, Butler wrote almost all of the band's lyrics, drawing heavily upon his fascination with religion, science-fiction, fantasy and horror, and musings on the darker side of human nature that posed a constant threat of global annihilation.
Butler is regarded as one of the most influential bassists in heavy metal. Billy Sheehan of Mr. Big said: "He’s a founding father of a whole genre of music and a man who really set the bar early on to be such an integral part of the sound and song structure of Sabbath". In Mick Wall's biography of Iron Maiden entitled Run to the Hills, founder Steve Harris recalls: "I distinctly remember trying to play along to Black Sabbath's "Paranoid" – at first I just could not get it. I threw the guitar on my bed and walked out in a huff, but the next day I came back, picked it up and played it all the way through note-for-note! Once I got going, I started getting into bass-lines with a bit more subtlety to them...".
Former Metallica bassist Jason Newsted, who defined him his "number 1 influence", stated: "All true metal bassists look up to Geezer as a pioneer and Godfather of our chosen instrument. The best, ever". Rex Brown of Pantera and Kill Devil Hill asserted: "He’s a legend. He’s everything. Geezer is so much of an influence on me. Other bassists such as Cliff Burton, Les Claypool, Steve DiGiorgio, Alex Webster, John Myung, Johnny Lee Middleton, Greg Smith cited Butler as a significant influence on their style.
Butler currently endorses Lakland basses and has his own signature model. For amplification, Butler is endorsed by Hartke bass amplification, Kilo bass head and 4X10 HyDrive cabinet. In the past, he has been known to use Ampeg SVT & B-15 bass amps and Fender, Dan Armstrong Plexi, Rickenbacker, Yamaha BB, Vigier and B.C. Rich Basses.
According to the Geezer Butler Bass Rig Rundown, he used the following over the years.
- Pre-CBS Fender Precision (x2)
- Dan Armstrong Plexiglass (Made by Ampeg)
- John Birch (JB1 body style) In white (customised with a sticker in the style of a Coca Cola label but says “enjoy cocaine.”)
- John Birch (JB1 body style) In black
- John Birch (JB1 body style) 8 string
- Jaydee Roadie 2 (Created by John Diggins)
- BC Rich Eagle Deluxe
- BC Rich Iron Bird
- Spector NS-2 (in white)
- Vigier Passion 5
- Vigier Arpege
- Vigier Excess
- Bill Nash custom precision (recording "13")
From early 2000's
- Joe Osborn 44-60 (now called a Vintage Jazz)
- In Seafoam green
- In Black with tortoise pickguard
- In Black with grey pickguard (Virgin Mary and Henry sticker)
- Joe Osborn 55-60 (5 string Jazz bass)
- Bob Glaub 44-62 Precision Jazz
- In black with tortoise pickguard
- In black with grey pickguard
- In shoreline gold with grey pickguard (Seen on Classic Albums: Black Sabbath)
- 44-51 Precision with (Vintage Single Coil pickup) Black with White pick guard as well as 3 small “Henry” stickers.
- 44-51M Precision with a Split Coil, White with Black pick guard and a GZR sticker in the bridge
- 44-64 Duck Dunn (Vintage P with J style Neck) Singe Precision (Gold sparkle with white pick guard. Jazz bass neck with pearloid block inlays.
- Custom Lakland 51 style Precision in with the emblem of Aston Villa (Seen during Paranoid on "The End of The End" DVD)
Signature Lakland bassesEdit
Released in 2013
- Signature #1 Black with black and grey aluminum striped pickguard. Custom fret board inlays
- Signature #2 Black with black and grey aluminum striped pickguard. Plain headstock, Henry sticker on 5th fret, rose gold inlays
- Signature #3 Black with white pickguard, rose gold inlays. All black head stock.
- 1970 – Black Sabbath
- 1970 – Paranoid
- 1971 – Master of Reality
- 1972 – Vol. 4
- 1973 – Sabbath Bloody Sabbath
- 1975 – Sabotage
- 1976 – Technical Ecstasy
- 1978 – Never Say Die!
- 1980 – Heaven and Hell
- 1981 – Mob Rules
- 1982 – Live Evil
- 1983 – Born Again
- 1992 – Dehumanizer
- 1994 – Cross Purposes
- 2013 – 13
- 2007 – Live from Radio City Music Hall
- 2009 – The Devil You Know
- 2010 – Neon Nights: 30 Years of Heaven & Hell
- Non-album compilations
- Barrett, John. "The 20 Most Underrated Bass Guitarists". Paste Monthly. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "The Geezer Butler Interview". Classicbands.com. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- Iommi, Tony (2011). Iron Man: My Journey Through Heaven and Hell With Black Sabbath. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0306819551.
- "Geezer Butler Discusses Veganism, Religion, Politics, Surveillance, and Life Lessons". bryanreesman.com. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Biography–Geezer Butler". Allmusic. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "Artist profile-Geezer Butler". Ampeg. Archived from the original on 26 August 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "Black Sabbath goes back to its roots". Montrealgazette.com. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Hotten, Jon. "The Dio Years" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- "Overview Black Science". Allmusic. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- Jeffries, Vincent. "Overview Plastic Planet". Allmusic. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- Monger, James Christopher. "Biography-Heaven & Hell". Allmusic. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "Photos :: The Official Geezer Butler Website". Geezerbutler.com. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- Osbourne, Ozzy (2011). I Am Ozzy. I Am Ozzy. p. 134. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- "Geezer Butler Appears in Peta Ad as a Confirmed Vegan". Guitar World. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
[...] teamed up with peta2 [...] to shoot a brand-new pro-vegetarian ad featuring Butler [...] next to the tagline "I'm Geezer Butler, and I'm a Vegan."
- "Black Sabbath's Geezer ButlerCalls for Foie Gras Boycott," Karrang Radio, 1 March 2013.
- "Black Sabbath's Geezer Butler Arrested Following Bar Brawl". Loudwire.com. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Graham Hartmann (8 June 2016). "Black Sabbath's Geezer Butler Reveals 2015 Arrest Was For Punching A 'Drucken Nazi Bloke'". Loudwire. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "Black Sabbath's Geezer Butler Inspires Respect Among Peers at Bass Player Live Event". loudwire.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Hartke Brings Together Music's Finest For All-Star Tribute To Geezer Butler". blabbermouth.net. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- Joel McIver, To live is to die: The Life and Death of Metallica's Cliff Burton, p.86
- "Les Claypool interview". jensmetalpage.com. Archived from the original on 28 August 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Interview with Bassist Steve Di Giorgio". bassmusicianmagazine.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Interview: Cannibal Corpse". painkillermag.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "John Myung: Exclusive interview with FBPO's Jon Liebman". Forbassplayersonly.com. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "Interview with Johnny Lee Middleton". savatage.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Greg Smith interview". forbassplayersonly.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Artist profile-Geezer Butler". Lakland. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "Geezer Butler Bass Rig - "Know Your Bass Player" (1/3) | Which Bass". Which Bass. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2018.