The Gauteng Division of the High Court of South Africa is a superior court of law which has general jurisdiction over the South African province of Gauteng and the eastern part of North West province. The main seat of the division is at Pretoria, while a local seat at Johannesburg has concurrent jurisdiction over the southern parts of Gauteng. Dunstan Mlambo has been the Judge President of the division since 1 November 2012.
|Gauteng Division of the High Court of South Africa|
The Palace of Justice in Pretoria
|Established||1877 (High Court of the ZAR)|
|Location||Pretoria (main seat), Johannesburg (local seat)|
|Composition method||Presidential appointment on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission|
|Authorized by||Chp. 8 of the Constitution; Superior Courts Act, 2013|
|Appeals to||Supreme Court of Appeal or Constitutional Court|
A High Court was established for the South African Republic (the Transvaal Republic) in 1877, while the Witwatersrand gold fields were visited by a circuit court subordinate to the High Court. Both courts ceased to exist as a result of the British victory in the Second Anglo-Boer War. In 1902, two superior courts were established for the new Transvaal Colony: the Supreme Court of the Transvaal in Pretoria, and subordinate to it the High Court of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg. On the creation of the Union of South Africa these courts became the Transvaal Provincial Division and the Witwatersrand Local Division, respectively, of the Supreme Court of South Africa.
The Transvaal Provincial Division's area of jurisdiction was reduced in 1977 and 1979 when Bophuthatswana and Venda became nominally independent and established their own supreme courts. When the current Constitution of South Africa came into force in 1997 the Transvaal and Witwatersrand Divisions of the Supreme Court of South Africa and the Supreme Courts of Bophuthatswana and Venda all became High Courts. In 2001 some districts in North West were removed from the jurisdiction of the Transvaal Division and placed under the Bophuthatswana Division in Mafikeng. In 2009 the Transvaal and Witwatersrand divisions were renamed the North Gauteng and South Gauteng High Courts, respectively. In 2013, in the restructuring brought about by the Superior Courts Act, the courts became two seats of a single Gauteng Division of the High Court of South Africa.
|Pretoria (main seat)||Province of Gauteng, and North West districts of Bloemhof, Brits, Christiana, Klerksdorp, Potchefstroom, Schweizer-Reneke, Ventersdorp, Wolmaransstad, Ekurhuleni, Emfuleni, Johannesburg, Midvaal, Mogale City as well as Madibeng, Ga-Rankuwa and Tlokwe in North West province||High Court of the South African Republic; Supreme Court of the Transvaal; Transvaal Provincial Division; North Gauteng High Court||https://www.gov.za/sites/www.gov.za/files/39601_gon30.pdf|
|Johannesburg||In civil and criminal matters: districts of Alberton, Boksburg, Germiston, Johannesburg, Kempton Park, Krugersdorp, Randburg, Randfontein, Roodepoort, Westonaria||High Court of Witwatersrand; Witwatersrand Local Division; South Gauteng High Court|
- "Zuma appoints judges to high courts". Mail & Guardian. 24 May 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- Ellis, Pat (April 2010). "A short history of the North and South Gauteng High Courts" (PDF). Advocate. General Council of the Bar of South Africa. 23 (1): 48–49. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
- van Zyl, Dirk (April 2010). "More on the South Gauteng High Court" (PDF). Advocate. General Council of the Bar of South Africa. 23 (1): 49–50. Retrieved 25 December 2011.