Schweizer-Reneke, sometimes referred to as Schweizer, is a town in the North West Province of South Africa. It is the administrative centre of Mamusa Local Municipality.[2] It is commonly referred to as SR and the City of Sunflowers.

Schweizer-Reneke

Mamusa

"City of sunflowers"
Schweizer-Reneke is located in North West (South African province)
Schweizer-Reneke
Schweizer-Reneke
Schweizer-Reneke is located in South Africa
Schweizer-Reneke
Schweizer-Reneke
Coordinates: 27°11′S 25°20′E / 27.183°S 25.333°E / -27.183; 25.333Coordinates: 27°11′S 25°20′E / 27.183°S 25.333°E / -27.183; 25.333
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceNorth West
DistrictDr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati
MunicipalityMamusa
Area
 • Total22.75 km2 (8.78 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total200,000
 • Density8,800/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African92.5%
 • Coloured2.4%
 • Indian/Asian0.5%
 • White4.3%
 • Other0.4%
First languages (2011)
 • Tswana86.2%
 • Afrikaans5.8%
 • Sotho2.2%
 • English1.8%
 • Other4.0%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
2780
Area code053

HistoryEdit

Schweizer-Reneke was formerly part of the old Transvaal Republic. Founded on 1 October 1888, the town is situated on the banks of the Harts River, with six regional roads exiting the town. The town is named after Captain C.A. Schweizer and Field Cornet C.N. Reyneke. Both men distinguished themselves and were among the ten soldiers killed while storming the stronghold of the Khoi Koi Koranna Khoe and their chief David Massouw on the nearby Mamusa Hill on 2 December 1885 during an action to put an end to cattle rustling in the area. The remains of the stone fortifications of Chief David Massouw can still be seen on Mamusa Hill.

EconomyEdit

The principal crops of the region around Schweizer-Reneke are mainly maize, sorghum, groundnuts and sunflower seeds. In addition, cattle and sheep farming is practiced in the region on a relatively large scale on the grasslands where the soil is unsuitable for cultivation. Schweizer-Reneke is rich in diamond deposits. This led to large scale private diamond mining in the area.

Wenzel Dam, just north of the town on the Harts River, has been developed into a holiday resort but sadly is now abandoned.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2001 census, the town of Schweizer-Reneke proper has a population of 2,601,[3] while the adjacent township of Ipelegeng has a population of 30,053,[4] giving the urban area a total population of 32,654.

91.5% of the people in the urban area described themselves as "Black African", 5.6% as "White", 2.5% as "Coloured", and 0.4% as "Indian or Asian". 69.8% of the people of the town proper described themselves as "White", whereas 98.4% of the people of Ipelegeng township described themselves as "Black African".

85.6% of the people in the urban area speak Tswana as their first language, while 7.3% speak Afrikaans, 3.5% speak Sotho and 1.7% speak Xhosa.

EducationEdit

The town has public secondary schools:

It also has public primary schools:

  • Laerskool Schweizer Reneke
  • Kolong Primary School
  • Ikgomotseng Primary School
  • Kgatontle Primary School
  • Tshwaraganelo Primary School
  • Mamusa Primary School
  • Charon Primary School
  • Roshunville Primary School

Notable peopleEdit

SportEdit

Schweizer Reneke is home to a soccer club "Mamusa United FC" that plays in the provincial football league. There is also a big soccer team formed by the Department of Social Development: Mamusa Service Point. The team boasts with local popular players like Molwantwa Sheriff Lehihi, Kwenzekile Scova Mqweba and Peter Maiyane Kgalapa amongst others.

entertainmentEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Schweizer-Reneke". Census 2011.
  2. ^ Municipal Demarcation Board : Municipal Profiles 2003 : Contact Information for Mamusa Local Municipality Archived 7 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 15 April 2010
  3. ^ "Main Place Schweizer-Reneke". Census 2001. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Main Place Ipelegeng". Census 2001. Retrieved 2 February 2012.