Taung is a small town situated in the North West Province of South Africa. The name means place of the lion and was named after Tau, the King of the Barolong. Tau is the Tswana word for lion.[2]

Taung is located in North West (South African province)
Taung is located in South Africa
Coordinates: 27°32′0″S 24°47′8″E / 27.53333°S 24.78556°E / -27.53333; 24.78556Coordinates: 27°32′0″S 24°47′8″E / 27.53333°S 24.78556°E / -27.53333; 24.78556
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceNorth West
DistrictDr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati
MunicipalityGreater Taung
 • Total20.75 km2 (8.01 sq mi)
 • Total18,289
 • Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African98.8%
 • Coloured0.4%
 • Indian/Asian0.5%
 • White0.1%
 • Other0.2%
First languages (2011)
 • Tswana89.6%
 • Xhosa2.8%
 • English1.5%
 • Sotho1.1%
 • Other5.0%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
PO box
Area code053
Official nameTaung Skull Fossil Site
Part ofFossil Hominid Sites of South Africa
CriteriaCultural: (iii)(vi)
Inscription1999 (23rd Session)
Area158.7429 ha (392.262 acres)
Buffer zone3,387 ha (8,370 acres)
Coordinates27°37′10″S 24°37′59″E / 27.61944°S 24.63306°E / -27.61944; 24.63306


High,Secondary and Middle Schools in Taung include:

  • PH Moeketsi Agricultural High School
  • Pinagare High School
  • Mankuroane Technical and Commercial Secondary School
  • Thabasikwa High School
  • Kgosietsile Lethola High School
  • Pudumong High School
  • Bogosing High School
  • Leshobo High School
  • Reekekathata Secondary School
  • Batlhaping High School
  • St Paul's High Schools
  • Mokgareng High Schools
  • Sekate Boijane Mahura High School
  • Maatla High School
  • Marubising High School
  • Thate Molatlhwa Secondary School
  • Gabodiwe High School
  • Choseng Secondary School
  • Joseph Saku Secondary School
  • Thakung High School
  • Jerry Secondary School
  • Walter Letsie High School
  • Kabinelang Secondary School
  • Mothelesi Secondary School
  • Reivilo High School
  • Seoleseng Secondary School
  • Gabobediwe Secondary School
  • Thapama Secondary School
  • Kebinelang Secondary School
  • Tselayathuto Secondary School
  • Totonyane Secondary School
  • Mammutla Secondary School
  • Motsemme Secondary School
  • Leshobo High School
  • Pudumong Secondary School
  • Thusoetsile Secondary School
  • Thakung Secondary School
  • Reemekathatha Secondary School
  • Seabo Secondary School

Primary Schools in Taung include:

  • Seile Primary School
  • Seoposengwe Primary School
  • Mokasa Primary School
  • Lokgabeng Primary School
  • Goitseone Mankuroane Primary School

Taung skull fossil siteEdit

In 1924, a skull (later named the Taung Child) was discovered by a quarry-worker in the nearby Buxton-limestone quarry. It was described by Raymond Dart in 1925 as the type specimen of Australopithecus africanus after he received a shipment of mostly fossil baboons, but also containing the skull and face of the child. Surprisingly, it would be many years before Dart would visit Taung to determine the exact location of the find. By that time, lime-mining had destroyed much of the area. Later in-situ excavations were conducted under the direction of Phillip Tobias and Jeffrey McKee [3]of the University of the Witwatersrand, who worked at the site from approximately 1989 until 1993. Although they failed to find additional hominid specimens, they did recover many important fossil baboons and increased the understanding of the Taung geology and taphonomy significantly.[4]

Unlike the dolomitic caves near Johannesburg, South Africa and the site of Makapansgat, the Taung fossil sites are found in caves formed in a gigantic tufa flow coming off the dolomitic bedrock of the Kalahari escarpment.[5]

The Taung Child is among the most important early human fossils ever discovered. It was the first hominid to be discovered in Africa, a species later named Australopithecus africanus, supporting Charles Darwin's concepts that the closest living relatives of humans are the African apes. It furthermore demonstrated significant differences between reality and the fake skull of a proposed human ancestor from England known as the Piltdown Man or Eoanthropus. The little skull is hypothesized to be from an approximately three to three and a half year old child. The cast of the brain is preserved by the filling of the skull with limestone breccia. The skull is housed at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa.[6]

The Taung Child was at first proposed to have been killed by other hominids as part of Raymond Dart's Osteo-Dento-Keratic Culture hypothesis. However, later work by C.K. "Bob" Brain demonstrated that the child was probably killed by some sort of mammalian carnivore such as a leopard. Recently, however, studies of the associated baboons by Ron Clarke and Lee Berger, and identification of specific marks on the Taung Child skull have demonstrated that the Taung Child may have been killed and eaten by a large bird of prey.[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Taung". Census 2011.
  2. ^ "Taung". www.sa-venues.com. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  3. ^ "Jeffrey McKee". Department of Anthropology. 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ "Taung fossil site". www.riddledchain.org. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
  5. ^ "Fossil sites in the Cradle of Humankind – Maropeng and Sterkfontein Caves | Official Visitor Centres for the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site". www.maropeng.co.za. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  6. ^ Mafika (2006-01-13). "Who killed the Taung child?". Brand South Africa. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
  7. ^ Armstrong, Sue. "Taung Child 'fell from the sky'". New Scientist. Retrieved 2021-01-19.


  • P.V. Tobias, Dart Taung and the Missing Link (Inst. for the Study of Man in Africa, 1984)
  • L.R. Berger and B. Hilton-Barber, In the Footsteps of Eve (National Geographic Press, 2001)
  • L.R. Berger and B. Hilton-Barber, Field Guide to the Cradle of Humankind (Struik, 2001)
  • L.R. Berger Am. J.Phys. Anth. 131:166-168 (2006)