Brits, North West
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Brits (//) is a large town situated in a fertile citrus, vegetable and grain-producing area that is irrigated by the waters of the Hartbeespoort Dam in North West Province of South Africa. It is close to the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality in Gauteng, which includes Pretoria, and it has the same dialling code as Pretoria. In addition to being a centre for agriculture, the town is home to several heavy industries. A factory of the Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo produced cars for the domestic market and export to Asia from 1974 to 1985. The town also plays an important role in the South African mining industry: 94% of South Africa's platinum comes from the Rustenburg and Brits districts, which together produce more platinum than any other single area in the world. In addition, there is a large vanadium mine in the district.
Brits as seen from Dewetsnek in the Magaliesberg
|• Total||114.7 km2 (44.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||70.4%|
|• Other||0.9% Coloured|
|First languages (2011)|
|• Northern Sotho||10.1%|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
Mothotlung, Letlhabile, and Oukasie are the black townships, with Oukasie founded in 1931 being one of the oldest townships in South Africa.The Indian area in Brits is Primindia. Brits is part of the Madibeng Local Municipality.
Brits is linked to Sandton by the R511 and to Randburg by the R512, and to Pretoria by the R513 and the R514. Freeway access is by the N4 Highway (Bakwena Toll Route), which was constructed in the early 2000s.
The first European to build a pioneer hut in the area was Albertus Venter circa 1840. He settled down with his wife and daughter on the farm which is today known as De Kroon and started farming. The Fourie family soon joined him and on 13 June 1846 the first white baby was born in this area north of the Magaliesberg. Phillipus Fourie eventually bought the farm from Venter and he put up the first permanent homestead that became known as the "Ou Werf".
The railway station called Brits was opened on 9 July 1906 and residents began putting up small businesses on the southern side of it. The station was built on the property of Johan Nicolaas Brits that owned part of the farm Roodekopjes. He was previously the first owner of the farm Bloemfontein which he sold to Capt. Warden. In 1918 a steam driven roller mill was built west of the station and served the farming community for many decades. Mail now arrived by train and it became the station master's job to sort out the people's mail. The first post office was built on the station in 1915, and the first post master was Haydon Thomas. It was in this little building that the first telephone was installed and it was operated by Miss Theron. The first police station was established in 1921 and Sergeant Prinsloo was the first station commander.
A little village began to develop around the main road on the southern side of the station, which later became known as Tom Street. Unfortunately no proper town planning was done and this area had no access to running water. A businessman by the name of Louis Karovsky, bought the part of Hendrik Christiaan Brits' farm to the north of the rail road. This section was cut up into 940 stands and legally proclaimed as a township in October 1923. The area south of the railway station eventually become the Indian area of Primindia, with Tom Street as its primary business node. Brits was founded in 1924 on the farm Roode Kopjes (Red Hills) and was named after the owner, Johannes Nicolaas Brits. The armistice treaty for the Transvaal civil war was signed in 1864 beneath a karee tree just to the south of Brits. A speech by General Hertzog in 1912 at the nearby De Wildt railway station led to the formation of the National Party.
The De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Centre, renowned for its success in breeding and studying cheetah, king cheetah, brown hyena, suni, blue duiker and wild dogs is situated in the small town of De Wildt, just east of Brits.
Ukutula Lodge and conservation center is also based in Brits. Ukutula is home to a number of wild cat species and is a registered Wildlife Breeding and trading facility, as well as an animal rescue center.
Brits is home to a number of primary and secondary schools. Some of the schools include:
- Botlhabelo High School
- Hoërskool Brits
- Hoërskool Hartbeespoort
- Laerskool Brits
- Laerskool Olienpark
- Laerskool De Kroon
- Laerskool Vissershoek
- Laerskool Sandrift
- Hoërskool Wagpos
- Modikwe Primary School
- Bakwena Secondary School
- Thornhill Primary School
- Academy Christian School
- Lighthouse Christian College
- Central Secondary School
- Odi Primary School
- Kutlwano Primary School
- Thaba Morula High School
- Rabboni Christian School
- Tolamo Primary school
- Lot Mashiane secondary school
- Thuto Pele High School
- Komane Primary School
- Madiba A Toloane Secondary School
- Mafale Primary School
- Oukasie Primary school
- Ikatisong High School
Brits Airfield is located a few miles north of the town.
- Sum of the Main Places Brits and Oukasie from Census 2011.
- Baumann, Ted, et al. WHAT HAS BEEN ACHIEVED. International Institute for Environment and Development, 2001, pp. 7–17, The Age of Cities and Organizations of the Urban Poor: the Work of the South African Homeless People’s Federation and the People’s Dialogue on Land and Shelter, www.jstor.org/stable/resrep01757.6. Accessed 13 Apr. 2021.
- Fieuw, Walter. We Die Together: The Emergence and Evolution of the Homeless People’s Alliance. International Institute for Environment and Development, 2014, www.jstor.org/stable/resrep01300. Accessed 13 Apr. 2021.
- Forrest, Kally (2019). Bonds of justice:the struggle for Oukasie. Johannesburg: Fanele. ISBN 9781928232841.
- Agter die Magalies by B.K. de Beer, published by www.kameeldoringboeke.co.za, ISBN 9780987016461
- "Cow becomes Africa's first clone". BBC News. 2003-05-07. Retrieved 2009-06-24.