Garri Yakovlevich Bardin (Russian: Гарри Яковлевич Бардин; born September 11, 1941) is a Soviet and Russian animation director, screenwriter, producer, film and voice actor best known for his experimental musical and stop motion films. He was awarded the 1988 Short Film Palme d'Or for the Fioritures cartoon and the Order of Honour in 2011.
Garri Yakovlevich Bardenshtein
11 September 1941
|Occupation||animator, screenwriter, actor|
Garri Bardin was born as Garri Yakovlevich Bardenstein in Chkalov (modern-day Orenburg, Orenburg Oblast of Russia) where his pregnant mother Rozalia Abramovna Bardenshtein had been evacuated from Kiev with the start of the Great Patriotic War. The family was Jewish. His father Yakov Lvovich Bardenshtein was a naval officer who joined marines in 1941 and took part in the Battle of Stalingrad. After the war the family moved to Liepāja, Latvian SSR where his father served at the Baltic Fleet.
Garri spent three years in the Soviet Army and in 1968 he finished the Actor's Faculty at the Moscow Art Theatre School and joined the N. V. Gogol Moscow Drama Theatre (modern-day Gogol Center) where he served till 1973. The director asked him to shorten his surname which was too long for theatre posters, and he adapted the Bardin stage name. Upon leaving the theatre he spent some time writing stories, plays and TV screenplays. He had been also voicing cartoons since 1967.
Around the same time he sent a screenplay to Soyuzmultfilm and was suggested to direct the cartoon by himself despite the lack of education. From then on he worked as an animation director. Among his first shorts was A Tincan segment from the Happy Merry-Go-Round No. 8 anthology series (1976). In 1979 he directed A Flying Ship, a traditionally animated musical film loosely based on the old Russian fairy tale The Fool of the World and the Flying Ship. The film and the songs by Yuri Entin in particular gained popularity. Bardin then worked on several other hand-drawn films along with Entin.
In 1983 he directed his first experimental stop motion cartoon for adults — Conflict, a cold war allegory where two groups of matches enter a conflict which leads to a war. It was followed by several claymation comedy films, including Break!, a parody on a boxing match for which Bardin received a Golden Dove award at the 1986 Dok Leipzig. In 1987 he released two films: Marriage made of ropes and Fioritures made of aluminium wire for which he was awarded the 1988 Short Film Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival.
In 1990 he directed his last Soyuzmultiflm cartoon — Grey Wolf and Little Red Riding Hood, a claymation musical film that satirized last days of the USSR. It was awarded a number of awards, including Grand Prix for the best short film at the 1991 Annecy International Animated Film Festival and the 1992 Nika Award for the best animated film. After that Bardin founded and headed the Stayer animation studio where he continued directing claymation and stop motion films, as well as TV commercials. After six years in production he finally released his first feature animated musical The Ugly Duckling (2010) loosely based on the Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tale of the same name, with a heavy influence of George Orwell's Animal Farm. It received mixed reviews from critics and failed at the box office, while central Russian TV channels refused to show it according to Bardin. At the same time it gained a number of awards, including the 2011 Nika Award.
Bardin was married three times. His son from the third marriage Pavel Bardin (born 1975) is a Russian film director.
- Little Locomotive from Romashkovo / Паровозик из Ромашково (1967) - voice actor (policeman)
- Happy Merry-Go-Round / Весёлая карусель No. 8 (1976) - director, screenwriter
- The Adventures of Buratino / Приключения Буратино (1976) - voice actor (spider)
- Practical Joke / Розыгрыш (1977) - actor (French teacher)
- A Flying Ship / Летучий корабль (1979) - director, voice actor (tsar)
- Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears / Москва слезам не верит (1979) - actor (chief engineer)
- Pif-Paf, Oi-Oi-Oi! / Пиф-паф, ой-ой-ой! (1980) - co-director with Vitaliy Peskov
- Fitil / Фитиль (1980—1981) - director
- Conflict / Конфликт (1983) - director, screenwriter
- Break! / Брэк! (1985) - director, screenwriter, voice actor (commentator)
- Banquet / Банет (1986) - director, screenwriter
- Wedding / Брак (1987) - director, screenwriter, voice actor
- Fioritures / Выкрутасы (1987) - director, screenwriter, voice actor
- Grey Wolf and Little Red Riding Hood / Серый Волк энд Красная Шапочка (1990) - director, screenwriter, voice actor (announcer, Gena the Crocodile)
- Puss in Boots / Кот в сапогах (1995) - director, screenwriter
- Chucha / Чуча (1997) - director, screenwriter, producer
- Adagio / Адажио (2000) - director, screenwriter, producer
- Chucha 2 / Чуча-2 (2001) - director, screenwriter, producer
- Chucha 3 / Чуча-3 (2004) - director, screenwriter, producer
- The Ugly Duckling / Гадкий утёнок (2010) - director, screenwriter, producer, voice actor (drake)
- Giannalberto Bendazzi (2016). Animation: A World History. Volume II. — Boca Raton: CRC Press, p. 297 ISBN 978-1-138-85481-9
- Giannalberto Bendazzi (2016). Animation: A World History. Volume III. — Boca Raton: CRC Press, p. 206 ISBN 978-1138854826
- Sergei Kapkov (2006). Encyclopedia of Domestic Animation, pp. 92-94
- Fioritures (Archived) at the official Cannes Film Festival website
- President's Decree № 1347 at Kremlin.ru
- Lilya Muzika. Garri Bardin: "I feel ashamed of my President's deeds" interview at Fakty i Kommentarii, 26 September 2014 (in Russian)
- Leonid Shkolnik. From Garri Bardin's letter at the We Are Here! online paper, 6–12 September 2012 (in Russian)
- Break! awards at IMDb
- Grey Wolf and Little Red Riding Hood awards at IMDb
- Daria Goryacheva. Non-standard Duckling review at Gazeta.ru, 17 October 2010 (in Russian)
- The Ugly Duckling reviews at KinoPoisk (in Russian)
- The Ugly Duckling reviews at Rotten Tomatoes
- "Distribution didn't bring me any money". The Ugly Duckling almost bankrupted his father by NTV (Russia), 11 September 2011 (in Russian)
- Garri Bardin on "The Ugly duckling", challenges, musical inspiration, distribution interview from Waterloo Festival for Animated Cinema, 14 January 2011
- The Ugly Duckling awards at IMDb