Order of Honour (Russia)
The Order of Honour (Russian: орден Почёта, tr. orden Pachyota) is a state order of the Russian Federation established by Presidential Decree No. 442 of March 2, 1994 to recognise high achievements in government, economic, scientific, sociocultural, public, sport and charitable activities. Its statute was amended by decree No. 19 of January 6, 1999 and more lately by decree No. 1099 of January 7, 2010 which defined its present status. It should not be confused with the Soviet Order of the Badge of Honour, although the current order maintains continuity with it.
|Order of Honour (орден Почёта)|
Order of Honour
|Awarded by the Russian Federation|
|Type||Single grade order|
|Eligibility||Russian and foreign citizens|
|Awarded for||High achievements in government, economic, scientific, sociocultural, public, sport and charitable activities|
|Established||March 2, 1994|
|Next (higher)||Order of Naval Merit|
|Next (lower)||Order of Friendship|
Ribbon of the Order of Honour
The Order of Honour is awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation:
- For high achievements in production and economic indicators in industry, construction, agriculture, communications, energy and transport, coupled with the predominant use of innovative technologies in the production process
- For a significant increase in the level of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation; for achievements in modernizing the Russian health care system, aimed at significantly improving the quality of the provision of medical services, as well as the development and widespread practical applications of modern and innovative methods of diagnosing and treating diseases
- For achievements in scientific research resulting in significant Russian scientific and technological advantage in various fields of science, increased domestic production of competitive high-tech products
- For services to improve the Russian education system aimed at dramatically improving the quality of the education provided, the system of training specialists for the Russian economy and increasing international prestige of Russian educational institutions
- For significant contribution to the preservation, promotion and development of Russian culture, art, history and the Russian language, associated with increased levels of cultural and humanitarian development of civil and patriotic education of the younger generation
- For very fruitful public, charitable and community activities
- For merit in the promotion, and support of youth sports, as well as professional sport, considerably increasing the level of physical activity and making Russia a World leader in individual sports
The Order may also be conferred on foreign citizens who have performed outstanding service to improve bilateral relations with Russia.
The Order is struck from silver and covered with enamels, it is shaped as a 42 mm in diameter octagonal cross enamelled in blue on its obverse except for a 2 mm wide band along its entire outer edge which remains bare silver. The obverse bears a white enamelled central medallion bordered by a silver laurel wreath, the medallion bears the silver state symbol of the Russian Federation. On the otherwise plain reverse, two rivets and the award serial number at the bottom.
The Order of Honour is suspended by a ring through the badge's suspension loop to a standard Russian pentagonal mount covered by a 24 mm wide overlapping blue silk moiré ribbon with a 2.5 mm wide white stripe situated 5 mm from the ribbon's right edge.
Notable recipients (partial list)Edit
The individuals below are recipients of the Order of Honour".
- Mikhail Gorbachev, last General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, first and only elected President of the USSR
- Pavel Romanovich Popovich, cosmonaut
- Viacheslav "Slava" Alexandrovich Fetisov, former Minister of Sport of Russia
- Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky, politician, Vice-Chairman of the State Duma
- Moshe Kantor, peace activist
- Tikhon Nikolayevich Khrennikov, composer, pianist and political activist
- Muslim Mahammad oglu Magomayev, (musician) singer
- Mikhail Yefimovich Fradkov, former Prime Minister of Russia
- Sergey Viktorovich Lavrov, diplomat, Russia's ambassador to the United Nations (1994–2004), Russia's Foreign Minister (2004–present)
- Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev, cosmonaut
- Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov, diplomat, former Russian Ambassador to the United States
- Dmitry Timofeyevich Yazov, Marshal of the Soviet Union
- Yury Mikhaylovich Luzhkov, former Mayor of Moscow
- Sergey Tetyukhin volleyball player
- Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu, former Minister of Emergency Situations, Minister of Defense (2012–present)
- Viktor Petrovich Savinykh, cosmonaut
- Sherig-ool Dizizhikovich Oorzhak, former leader of the Tuva
- Juan Antonio Samaranch, seventh President of the International Olympic Committee
- Vitaly Gennadyevich Savelyev, Director General and CEO of Aeroflot
- Anatoly Yuryevich Ravikovich, actor
- Aleksandr Yur'evich Rumyantsev, minister, scientist, academic, and ambassador
- Andrey Tokarev, Paralympic medalist
- Valery Leontiev, pop singer
- Vladimir Putin, former Director of the FSB (Holding the rank of Colonel in the KGB), former Prime Minister of Russia, and the 2nd and the 4th (current) President of Russia
- Evgeniy Mironov, Artistic Director of the Federal State Institution of Culture "The State Theatre of Nations"
- Anatoliy Aleksandrov, Rector of Bauman State Technical University
- Christophe de Margerie (posthumously), CEO and Chairman of Total S.A.
- Alexander Zaldostanov, leader of the Night Wolves
- Evgeny Plushenko, skater, Olympic Champion
- Aliya Mustafina, artistic gymnast, two time Olympic Champion
- Philipp Kirkorov, pop singer
- Alexander Ovechkin, NHL ice hockey player, seven time Kharlamov Trophy winner
- Valery Khalilov, Russian military conductor
- Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, President of Kazakhstan
- Nikolai Kardashev Astrophysicist 
- "Decree № 442 of the President of the Russian Federation of March 2, 1994" (in Russian). Commission on state awards under the President of the Russian Federation. 1994-03-02. Archived from the original on February 18, 2001. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Decree № 19 of the President of the Russian Federation of January 6, 1999" (in Russian). Commission on state awards under the President of the Russian Federation. 1999-01-06. Archived from the original on February 18, 2001. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Decree № 1099 of the President of the Russian Federation of January 7, 2010" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Государственные награды России". award.gov.ru. Retrieved 2020-01-19.
- "Decree № 1631 of the President of the Russian Federation of December 16, 2011" (in Russian). Site of the President of the Russian Federation. 2011-12-16. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- "Recipients of the Order of Honour compiled from the site of the President of the Russian Federation". Site of the President of the Russian Federation. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Academician Nikolai Kardashev dies". Lenta.Ru (in Russian). Rambler Media Group. 4 August 2019. Missing or empty