Galtymore

  (Redirected from Galtee Mountains)

Galtymore or Galteemore (Irish: Cnoc Mór na nGaibhlte, meaning "big hill of the Galtees"), is a mountain in the province of Munster, Ireland. At 917.9 metres (3,011 ft), it is one of Ireland's highest mountains, being the 12th-highest on the Arderin list, and 14th-highest on the Vandeleur-Lynam list. Galtymore has the 4th-highest topographic prominence of any peak in Ireland, which classifies Galtymore as a P600, or "major mountain". It is also one of the 13 Irish Munros.

Galtymore
(and Galty Mountains)
Cnoc Mór na nGaibhlte
Galtee range aherlow.JPG
Galtee Mountain range seen from the north, with the summit of Galteemore at its centre
Highest point
Elevation917.9 m (3,011 ft) [1][2]
Prominence898 m (2,946 ft) [1]
ListingCounty top (Limerick and Tipperary), P600, Marilyn, Furth, Hewitt, Arderin, Simm, Vandeleur-Lynam
Coordinates52°21′58″N 8°10′45″W / 52.365985°N 8.17915°W / 52.365985; -8.17915[1]
Naming
English translationbig hill of the Galtees
Language of nameIrish
PronunciationIrish: [ˈɡɑlʲtʲə ˈmoːɾ]
Geography
Galtymore (and Galty Mountains) is located in island of Ireland
Galtymore (and Galty Mountains)
Galtymore
(and Galty Mountains)
Location in Ireland
LocationCounty Limerick/Tipperary,
Republic of Ireland
Parent rangeGalty Mountains
OSI/OSNI gridR878237
Topo mapOSi Discovery 74[1]
Geology
Age of rockDevonian[1]
Mountain typeConglomerate & purple-reddish sandstone, (Slievenamuck Conglomerate Formation)[1]
Climbing
Easiest routeBlack Road Route[3]

Galtymore is the highest of the Galty Mountains, or Galtee Mountains, a sandstone and shale mountain range with 24 peaks above 100 metres (330 ft), which runs east-west for 30-kilometre (19 mi) between counties Tipperary and Limerick; Galtymore is the highest point of both counties. The mountain is accessed by hillwalkers via the 3–4 hour Black Road Route, but is also summited as part of the longer 5–6 hour Circuit of Glencushnabinnia, and the at least 10–hour east-to-west crossing of the entire range, called the Galtee Crossing, which is climbed annually in the Galtee Challenge.

The mountain and its deep corrie lakes are associated with various Irish folklore tales regarding Saint Patrick and serpents.

NamingEdit

Irish academic Paul Tempan in his Irish Hill and Mountain Names Database (2010), listed "Galtymore" as the name for the peak, and "Galty Mountains" as the name for the range.[4] This is anglicised from Irish: Cnoc Mór na nGaibhlte, meaning "big hill of the Galtees". "Galtymore" is recorded as early as the Civil Survey of Co. Tipperary (Down Survey, 1654–56) as a boundary feature of the barony of Clanwilliam.[4] The peak is named "Galtymore Mountain" on the Ordnance Survey Ireland Discovery Map.[4][5] The townland on its southern slopes is named Knocknagalty (Cnoc na nGaibhlte).[6]

Some guidebooks[3] and other publications[7][8] suggest that the name "Galty" or "Galtees" is an anglicisation of Sléibhte na gCoillte (mountains of the forests). The 19th century diarist Amhlaoibh Ó Súilleabháin recorded a different Irish name, Beann na nGaillti, and the names of three nearby places are derived from this: Glencoshnabinnia (P. W. Joyce, Irish Names of Places iii, 366), Slievecoshnabinnia and Carrignabinnia.[4]

The range was historically named Sliabh gCrot (the hump mountains), anglicised as "Slievegrot";[9] or Crotta Cliach (the humps of Cliú), after the territory of Cliú.[10][11]

The summit of Galtymore is marked as Dawson's Table, named after the Dawson-Massey family who were large landowners in the area (Tipperary Directory 1889), owning much of the land on and around the north section of the Galty range.[a]

The area also originated Kerry Group's popular bacon food brand Galtee;[14] and the term Galtee Mountains is still in common use.[15]

GeologyEdit

The geology of the Galty Mountains is described as being Old Red Sandstone, from the Devonian period, and Silurian shales.[16] Old Red Sandstone is also common in the MacGillycuddy's Reeks mountain range, and as well as having a purple–reddish colour, is also devoid of fossils.[16]

The southern smooth slopes of the Galty range give way to a steep northern face, pocked with deep corries and their accompanying moraine lakes.[16] The long central ridge of the Galtys, which runs for about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) in an east-west direction, was too high to be overridden by the inland ice-sheets, and although it resulted in the creation of small corrie glaciers, its summits are capped by tors formed from conglomerate rock (known as the Slievenamuck Conglomerate Formation).[16]

GeographyEdit

 
Galtymore's eastern summit ridge (centre), and northern cliffs (right)

The climbing guidebook writer Paddy Dillion said of the range: "the lofty Galty Mountains have forested flanks; and there is much heather, bogs, and steep slopes, but the effort is worth it and Galtymore is a splendid viewpoint".[3]

The Galty Mountains, or Galtee Mountains, are a broadly straight 30-kilometre (19 mi) east-west grass-covered range with a 15-kilometre (9.3 mi) central ridge section, stretching from Greenane 801 metres (2,628 ft) in the east, to Temple Hill 783 metres (2,569 ft) in the west. This central ridge section includes the highest peaks of Galtymore 918 metres (3,012 ft), Lyracappul 825 metres (2,707 ft), Carrignabinnia 823 metres (2,700 ft), and Slievecushnabinnia 775 metres (2,543 ft). Many of the peaks of the central section have a moderate topographical prominence, which means that the central ridge maintains a reasonably sustained height; an attractive feature for hill walkers.[3]

The 24 peaks of the Galty range with a height above 100 metres (330 ft), and include 13 peaks with a height above 2,000 feet (610 m), and 5 that are classified as Marilyns – being peaks with a prominence above 150 metres (490 ft).[17] The Galtys are described as Ireland's highest "inland" range.[17]

Galtymore and Galtybeg sit near the middle of the range and their north faces show evidence of glacial erosion with a number of deep corries, most of which are now occupied by loughs. Between Galtymore and Galtybeg lies Lough Diheen, while Lough Curra lies between Galtymore and Slievecushnabinnia.[3]

Galtymore is the 460th-highest mountain, and 12th most prominent mountain, in Britain and Ireland, on the Simms classification.[18] Galtymore is regarded by the Scottish Mountaineering Club (SMC) as one of 34 Furths, which is a mountain above 3,000 ft (914 m) in elevation, and meeting the other SMC criteria for a Munro (e.g. "sufficient separation"), and which are outside (or furth), of Scotland;[19] this is why Carrauntoohil is also referred to as one of the thirteen Irish Munros.[19][20] Galtymore's prominence qualifies it as a P600, which classes Galtymore as a "major" mountain in Britain and Ireland.[18] Galtymore ranks as the 5th-highest mountain in Ireland on the MountainViews Online Database, 100 Highest Irish Mountains, where the prominence threshold is 100 metres (330 ft).[17][21]

Hill walkingEdit

 
Galtybeg and Lough Dihneen, part of the Circuit of Glencushnabinnia

The most straightforward route to the summit of Galtymore is from the south via the 9-kilometre (5.6 mi) 3–4 hour Black Road Route, which starts at the end of the Black Road car park (R893204) (accessed from the R639 road near the village of Skeheenarinky), and summits Galtybeg 799 metres (2,621 ft), before the main summit of Galtymore. It then retraces its route back to the Black Road car park.[12][22]

 
Lough Curra below Galtymore, on the Circuit of Glencushnabinnia, as seen from Slievecushnabinnia; "twin summits" of Galtymore visible

The 12-kilometre (7.5 mi) 5–6 hour Circuit of Glencushnabinnia, which follows a loop around Galtymore's deep northern corries at Lough Curra and Lough Dihneen, is described as the "connoisseur's route".[12][23] It starts at the forest car park (R875278) near the Clydagh Bridge in the north, and climbs Cush 641 metres (2,103 ft), Galtybeg 779 metres (2,556 ft), Galtymore and Slievecushnabinnia 775 metres (2,543 ft), before returning to the start (it can also be done anti–clockwise).[12][23][24]

 
Western Galtys of (after a right turn) Slievecushnabinnia, Carrignabinnia, and Lyracappul (farthest); Lough Curra is in the deep corrie (near right)

The annual Galtee Challenge organised by the Galtee Walking Club is the full 31-kilometre (19 mi), over 10-hour, east-to-west crossing of the range (also called the Galtee Crossing), and takes in all major peaks of the Galty Mountains. The challenge normally starts in Cahir in the east, and finishes in Anglesboro Village, in the west.[25] Despite the distance, longer than the MacGillycuddy's Reeks Ridge Walk, the 10–hour estimate is reasonable as the variation in elevation is moderate.[25]

List of peaksEdit

The MountainViews Online Database list 24 Galty mountain peaks with an elevation, or height, above 100 metres (330 ft).[1]

  Furth (or Irish Munro): Height over 3,000 feet (914 m), and on the SMC Furth list.
  Marilyn: Any height, and prominence over 150 metres (492 ft).
Peaks of the Galty Mountains (MountainViews Online Database, October 2018)
Height
rank
Prom.
rank
Name Irish name (if different) Translation Height
(m)
Prom.
(m)
Height
(ft)
Prom.
(ft)
Topo.
map
OSI Grid
Reference
1 1 Galtymore Cnoc Mór na nGaibhlte big hill of the Galtys 918 898 3,011 2,946 74 R878238
2 6 Lyracappul Ladhar an Chapaill fork/confluence of the horse[b] 825 100 2,708 328 74 R845232
3 22 Carrignabinnia Carraig na Binne rock of the peak 823 27 2,700 88 74 R850237
4 5 Greenane An Grianán sunny spot 801 157 2,629 515 74 R925239
5 9 Galtybeg 799 80 2,622 263 74 R890241
6 16 Greenane West 787 39 2,582 129 74 R910239
7 3 Temple Hill Cnoc an Teampaill hill of the church 783 188 2,569 617 74 R833218
8 20 Slievecushnabinnia Sliabh Chois na Binne mountain beside the peak[c] 775 28 2,542 92 74 R858240
9 13 Knockaterriff Cnoc an Tairbh hill of the bull 692 51 2,269 168 74 R848216
10 21 Knockaterriff Beg Cnoc an Tairbh Beag hill of the little bull 679 28 2,229 91 74 R844222
11 4 Cush Cois side/flank[d] 641 176 2,104 578 74 R894262
12 7 Monabrack Móin Bhreac speckled moor[e] 630 94 2,067 308 74 R859219
13 18 Laghtshanaquilla Leacht Sheanchoille burial monument of the old wood[f] 629 36 2,065 118 74 R951250
14 11 Knockeenatoung Cnoicín na Teanga hill of the tongue 601 66 1,973 218 74 R895219
15 23 Lough Curra Mtn 600 23 1,970 75 74 R869242
16 24 Laghtshanaquilla North-East Top 598 19 1,962 62 74 R957256
17 10 Knockastakeen Cnoc an Stáicín hill of the little stack[g] 583 78 1,913 256 74 R915258
18 14 Sturrakeen An Starraicín "the pointed peak" or "the steeple"[h] 542 46 1,777 151 74 R973253
19 8 Benard An Bhinn Ard the high peak 480 85 1,573 277 74 R821199
20 12 Slieveanard NE Top 449 64 1,471 210 74 S005264
21 15 Seefin Suí Finn Fionn's seat 447 42 1,465 136 74 R891197
22 17 Seefin N Top 444 39 1,457 128 74 R888206
23 19 Slieveanard Sliabh an Aird mountain of the height 438 33 1,436 108 74 R992258
24 2 Slievenamuck Sliabh Muice mountain of the pig 369 234 1,211 768 66 R842306

SummitEdit

 
White iron cross on Dawson's Table, Galtymore summit

Galtymore's summit is described a large concave plateau separated by two peaks.[24] The plateau consists of Old Red Sandstone and is known as Dawson's Table after the historical landowners, the Dawson-Massey family.[a][4][26] This is similar to Percy's Table on the summit of Lugnaquilla, the highest mountain in County Wicklow and Leinster. There is a cairn on top of each peak and the eastern one marks the true summit of Galtymore.[12] These twin summits give Galtymore a distinctive profile from a distance.[26] The summit of Galtymore marks the boundary of Limerick and Tipperary.[24][26]

In 1975, a 7-foot (2.1 m) white iron cross was erected on the north edge of Dawson's Table by Tipperary local Ted Kavanagh. The cross is situated a few metres away from the eastern summit cairn and looks into the glen of Aherlow. It is kept white by being painted every year.[27]

 
The Galtee Wall leading westwards to the summit of Lyracappul

To the west of the summit of Galtymore lies a 3.5-kilometre (2.2 mi) long dry stone wall known as the Galtee Wall, that was built in 1878 to separate the Dawson-Massey Estate in the north, from the Galtee Castle Estate in the south. It is recorded that it took 30–40 men more than 4 years to complete the wall, and that the reason for its construction was to give employment to local small farmers during a period of economic depression (hence why is it also called a famine wall).[28] The Galtee Wall runs from below the west summit of Galtymore, across the top of Slievecushnabinnia, the top of Carrignabinnia, and on to the summit of Lyracappul, the second-highest peak in the Galtees.[29]

FolkloreEdit

 
Lough Dihneen

The mountains appear in Irish folk tales, and the deep corrie lakes of the Galtys were believed to be enchanted.[7][30] In early Irish literature, the mountains are called [Sliab] Crotta Cliach (the [mountain] humps of Cliú), which was the name of the surrounding territory. As crotta can also mean a celtic harp, the name was interpreted as "mountains of Cliach's harps", and there is a tale of a legendary harper called Cliach playing his harps in the mountains to woo an otherworldly woman who lived in the summit cairn on Slievenamon.[10][11] After failing, he plays his two harps together, and the hill bursts open and forms a lake.[7] This lake is Lough Muskry, which is named after the Múscraige people that lived in the south of Ireland.[30]

Lake Muskry was formerly known as Loch Béal Séad (lake of the jewel mouth) and also as Loch Béal Dracon (lake of the dragon's mouth). The oldest mention of the name is in the tale entitled Aislinge Óenguso (The Dream of Aengus) which dates from c.750 AD.[31] This states: Mac Og went to Loch Bél Draccon when he saw the 150 white birds at the loch with their silvery chains and golden caps around their heads. The next oldest mention is in the Dindsenchas, composed c.1000. The Metrical Dindsenchas of Crotta Cliach states: At the spot where he died of terror, Cliach sang sweet melody; there seized him there suddenly, not unprotected, the loathly dragon that dwells in this place - Loch Bel Dragon.[32] The Rennes Dindsenchas also relates a further tale of Saint Fursey drowning the dragon in the lake.[33] [34] There is a folk tale of a serpent that was killing livestock on the Galty Mountains being banished by Saint Patrick and confined to Lake Muskry.[7] According to the tale, Saint Patrick chained the serpent under the lake and promised to release the creature on Lá an Luan (the Day of Judgement), which the serpent mistook as An Luain (Monday or Easter Monday). The serpent comes up each Easter Monday and asks "Is it the Monday morning yet Patrick?" and Patrick says "No", and the serpent goes down again for another year.[7][35] The same legend is also associated with Lough Dihneen, below Galtybeg.[7][30] The belief in the serpent under Lough Dihneen was held so strongly that a Captain Dawson, a local landlord,[a] attempted to drain Lough Dihneen in the 1830s to kill the serpent.[36]

Folk tales attribute the banishing of the serpent by Saint Patrick with the subsequent richness of farming in the area.[37] In addition to local folklore, Lake Muskry also features in the Irish mythological tale of the Caer Ibormeith.[30]

1976 air crashEdit

On 20 September 1976, three airmen: Tom Gannon, Jimmy Byrne and Dick O'Reilly from Abbeyshrule, were killed when their plane crashed not far from O'Loughlin's Castle, a rock–formation near Greenane West, on the Galtys. The three were founding members of Abbyshrule Air Club. A stone monument in the shape of a plane's tailfin was erected (R393223) a short distance into the Black Road Route on the path to Knockeenatoung. The crash led to the founding of the South Eastern Mountain Rescue Association (SEMRA) in 1977.[38] The event was remembered on its 40th anniversary by SEMRA in September 2016.[39]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c The 126,000 acres (51,000 ha) Dawson-Massey estate was centered on Ballynacourty House in the Glen of Aherlow, on the northern side of the Galty Mountains. It was destroyed by fire during the Irish Civil War in 1922.[4][12][13]
  2. ^ This peak may be named after the channels on its north–western slopes. The glen here is named Lyraveg Glen.[4]
  3. ^ P. W. Joyce suggests that the peak (binn) in question is Galtymore, which seems logical. Glencushabinnia is a townland north-east of here.[4]
  4. ^ The name may well be a shortened form of Cois na Binne, which appears in several place-names in this area. This mountain is referred to as Binnia in 'The Mountains of Ireland' by Paddy Dillon.[4][3]
  5. ^ On the Discovery map the name Monabrack does not appear. The name Carrigeen Mountain is in roughly the same position but this is a townland name (i.e. the mountain pasture belonging to Carrigeen townland). Previously Lyracappul SE Top in earlier MountainViews listings.[4]
  6. ^ This peak is unnamed on the Discovery map. There is a cairn near the summit, which could be the leacht in question. Previously Greenane East in earlier MountainViews listings.[4]
  7. ^ Stáca can be a stack of hay or corn. The name appears to refer to the hill's shape.[4]
  8. ^ Also known as Carrigphierish, Ir. Carraig Phiarais, 'Pierce's rock'. Note that this peak is actually unnamed on the Discovery map, while both Carrigphierish and Sturrakeen are marked a little to the northwest of this peak.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Galtymore". MountainViews Online Database. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Galtymore". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Dillion, Paddy (1993). The Mountains of Ireland: A Guide to Walking the Summits. Cicerone. ISBN 978-1852841102.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Tempan, Paul (February 2012). "Irish Hill and Mountain Names" (PDF). MountainViews.ie. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  5. ^ Ordnance Survey Ireland (December 2012). Cork, Limerick, Tipperary, Waterford (Irish Discovery Series, No. 74). ISBN 978-1908852007.
  6. ^ Knocknagalty. Placenames Database of Ireland.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Lough Muskry and St. Patrick". The Tipperary Antiquarian. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Galtee Mountains". AskaboutIreland.ie. 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2020. The Galtee Mountains are spread across the borders of three counties in Munster: Limerick, Tipperary and Cork. The name for this range of mountains was derived from the Irish Sléibhte na gCoillte, or "Mountains of the forests". Galtymore is the highest peak in the range, reaching 3,009 ft., and is situated the border between Limerick and Tipperary.
  9. ^ "Galty Mountains". Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  10. ^ a b Hendroff, Adrian (2010). From High Places: A Journey Through Ireland's Great Mountains. The History Press Ireland. p. 150. ISBN 978-1845889890.
  11. ^ a b Rynne, Colin; Buttimer, Neil; Guerin, Helen (2000). The Heritage of Ireland. Collins Press. p. 146. ISBN 978-1898256151.
  12. ^ a b c d e O'Dwyer, John G. (2018). The Comeragh, Galtee, Knockmealdown & Slieve Bloom Mountains: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848893474.
  13. ^ NUI Galway (11 May 2011). "House: Ballynacourty Dawson/Massy-Dawson (Ballynacourte)". Landed Estates Database. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Where your full Irish really comes from". Irish Times. 8 November 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  15. ^ "A Taste of More: Hiking in the Galtees". Outsider.ie. 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d "Galtee Mountains cSAC (Special Area of Conservation)" (PDF). National Parks and Wildlife Service (Ireland). July 2005. p. 12. Retrieved 12 April 2020. Physical Features
  17. ^ a b c Stewart, Simon (2013). A Guide to Ireland's Mountain Summits: The Vandeleur-Lynams & the Arderins. Collins Books. ISBN 978-1-84889-164-7.
  18. ^ a b Cocker, Chris; Jackson, Graham (2018). "The Database of British and Irish Hills". Database of British and Irish Hills. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  19. ^ a b "Hill Lists: Furths". Scottish Mountaineering Club. Retrieved 12 April 2020. The list of peaks of 3000ft or more within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland outside (furth) of Scotland. There are currently 34 Furths.
  20. ^ Redmond, Paula (26 June 2018). "Ireland's Munros". Ireland's Own. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  21. ^ "Irish Highest 100: The highest 100 Irish mountains with a prominence of +100m". MountainViews Online Database. September 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  22. ^ O'Dwyer, John G. (29 July 2014). "Go Walk: The Galtees, Co Tipperary". Irish Times. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  23. ^ a b Fairbairn, Helen (2014). Ireland's Best Walks: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848892118. Route 52: Galtymore
  24. ^ a b c Mills, Russ (20 August 2018). "The Galtymore Cushnabinnia Horseshoe". Mountaintrails.ie. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  25. ^ a b "2018 Galtee Challenge". Galtee Walking Club. June 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  26. ^ a b c O'Dwyer, John G. (18 May 2018). "Walk for the Weekend: A twin-county stroll with splendid views". Irish Times. Retrieved 12 April 2020. Upon gaining this top for the first time, I remember being surprised to discover Galtymore is actually a liminal mountain. I had simultaneously reached the highest point of both counties Limerick and Tipperary for Galtymore is a twin-county, twin-cairned top boasting a large concave plateau known locally as Dawson’s Table.
  27. ^ O'Dwyer, John G. (23 May 2009). "Galty Mountain Challenge". Irish Times. Retrieved 12 April 2020. Here your eyes will immediately be drawn to a white Celtic cross overlooking Aherlow, which was painstakingly erected by Tipperary man Ted Kavanagh in 1975. Its pristine condition is accounted for by local hillwalker and rescuer Jimmy Barry, who for the past decade has taken upon himself the task of painting this cross annually.
  28. ^ Treacy, Frank (March 2005). If Those Trees Could Speak: The Story of an Ascendancy Family in Ireland (PDF). South Dublin Libraries. p. 47. ISBN 978-0954766023. Retrieved 12 April 2020. In 1878 a wall was built by the 6th Baron from behind the hill at the rear of Massy Lodge to the western slopes of Galtymore Mountain. It took 30–40 men four years to build and acted as a boundary between the estates of Galtee Castle and the Massy estates. The main reason for building the wall was to give employment to local small farmers during a period of economic depression. The wall covers several of the main peaks of the Galtees and ninety percent of it still stands.
  29. ^ O'Dwyer, John G. (26 October 2013). "Go Walk: Lough Curra, Co Tipperary". Irish Times. Retrieved 12 April 2020. An impressive structure built in the late 19th century to divide the landholdings of the Galtee Castle and Massey Dawson estates, the Galty Wall runs 3,500m along the ridge top.
  30. ^ a b c d Massey, Eithne (2004). Legendary Ireland: A Journey Through Celtic Places and Myths. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0299198008.
  31. ^ [1]
  32. ^ [2]
  33. ^ [3]
  34. ^ [4]
  35. ^ Francesca Wild, Lady Jane (1888). "Saint Patrick and the Serpent". Ancient Legends, Mystic Charms, and Superstitions of Ireland [Reprint, 2012]. ISBN 978-1480289833.
  36. ^ "The Serpent in Lough Diheen on the Galtees". Duchas.ie. Retrieved 12 April 2020. So strong was their belief that an attempt was once made to drain the lake. The owner of Ballinacourtie estate [Ballynacourty House], one Captain Dawson, about 150 years ago heard so much about this serpent that on one occasion he took a number of workmen with him to drain the lake and destroy the serpent. They had pickaxes, shovels, spades with them. As they were about to start work Captain Dawson looked towards home only to see as he thought, his mansion on fire.
  37. ^ "St Patrick and the Killer Snake". YourIrishCulture. 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2020. After St Patrick banished the snake he made his way back to the farmers and informed them of the snakes fate. To their relief he told them to go and look after their livestock which will be vast in quantity for years to come. After 7 long years later the snake appeared at the edge of the lake and asked St Patrick "is it time for me be released yet?" to which St Patrick replied "no" and the snake sank back into the lake. Ever since the snake was banished from the area the Galtee Mountains became famous for its dairy farming and its where Ireland's largest food companies, Galtee, was founded.
  38. ^ O'Dwyer, John G. (27 November 2008). "Love is in the air". Irish Times. Retrieved 12 April 2020. After about 20 minutes of gentle ascent you will observe a monument in the shape of an aircraft tail about 50m to your right. It was erected to the memory of three Abbeyshrule airmen who died in a crash on a nearby mountainside. This event triggered the foundation, in 1977, of South Eastern Mountain Rescue Association, which provides a comprehensive rescue service across several ranges.
  39. ^ "Forty year commemoration of Galtee Mountains light aircraft crash held". Avondhu Press. 20 September 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2020. Members of South Eastern Mountain Rescue Association (SEMRA) and relatives of the three men who died in a light aircraft crash in the Galtee Mountains in 1976, commemorated the event on Saturday last, 17th September. Forty years on from that fateful day on Monday, 20th September 1976, the deceased airmen continue to be remembered by their families as well as local people. A large group of relatives of all ages, and local people were accompanied by members of SEMRA on Saturday last, when they walked to the stone monument on the Black Road.

Coordinates: 52°21′58″N 8°10′44″W / 52.366°N 8.179°W / 52.366; -8.179

BibliographyEdit

  • Dillion, Paddy (1993). The Mountains of Ireland: A Guide to Walking the Summits. Cicerone. ISBN 978-1852841102.
  • Fairbairn, Helen (2014). Ireland's Best Walks: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848892118.
  • O'Dwyer, John G. (2018). The Comeragh, Galtee, Knockmealdown & Slieve Bloom Mountains: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848893474.
  • Stewart, Simon (2013). A Guide to Ireland's Mountain Summits: The Vandeleur-Lynams & the Arderins. Collins Books. ISBN 978-1-84889-164-7.

External linksEdit