Cahir (/ˈkɛər/; Irish: an Chathair / Cathair Dún Iascaigh)[7] is a town in County Tipperary in Ireland. It is also a civil parish in the barony of Iffa and Offa West.

An Chathair/Cathair Dún Iascaigh
Castle Street
Castle Street
Cahir is located in Ireland
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°22′30″N 7°55′30″W / 52.375°N 7.925°W / 52.375; -7.925
Dáil ÉireannTipperary
50 m (160 ft)
 • Total3,593
Dialing code052 744, +000 353 (0)52 744
Irish Grid ReferenceS051252

Location and access


For much of the twentieth century, Cahir stood at an intersection of two busy national roadways: the Dublin to Cork N8, and the Limerick to Waterford N24. The N8 was realigned in 1991 to run west of the town, while the old road through it was renumbered the R670. Traffic from the N24 still left the town badly congested, however, until October 2007 when this road was also realigned to bypass Cahir to the north and east. The same road improvement scheme saw major changes to the N8 corridor: a new motorway, the M8, was constructed west of the town between 2006 and 2008. Access to Cahir from this motorway is gained at Junctions 10 and 11.

Cahir is on the Limerick–Waterford railway line. The town's railway station opened on 1 May 1852.[8] There are two trains a day to Tipperary and Limerick Junction and two to Clonmel, Carrick on Suir and Waterford. There is no Sunday service.

Bus Éireann runs regular services to Dublin, Cork, Limerick and Waterford through the town.



The name Cathair or an Chathair translates as "stone ringfort", while the name Cathair Dún Iascaigh means "town of the fort of the fishery".[7] In older accounts, it was often spelled "Caher". Cahir Abbey was established in the late 12th century.

For much of its history, the town has been influenced by the Butler family. It was from this family that the first Barons of Cahir were created. It was known for much of its history as being a defence town.[9]

Cahir, together with Clonmel, were the centres in South Tipperary of the Quaker population, who constructed a meeting house in Abbey Street in 1833. The principal Quaker family names, largely engaged in milling, were Grubb, Going and Walpole.[10] It was one of the first towns to be linked by stagecoach in the nineteenth century, when Charles Bianconi commenced services between Clonmel, Cahir and Cashel. The building at The Square, where The Galtee Inn is now sited, was the stopping point in the town for Bianconi's coaches.[citation needed]

Amenities and features


Cahir Castle, which is situated on a small island in the River Suir, is one of the town's main tourist attraction.[11] Cahir has a fine Church of Ireland parish church, still in use, designed by John Nash, one of only three ecclesiastical buildings he designed in Ireland. Another major attraction is the Swiss Cottage; there are also numerous specialty heritage walks. The nearby Galtee Mountains form the largest inland range in Ireland and are home to Glengarra Wood,[12] which is a popular walking area. The Knockmealdown Mountains stand south of the town, while to the southwest lie the Mitchelstown Caves. The salmon weir, on the opposite side of the bridge from the castle, is a popular fishing location.

Cahir is a small heritage town. A shopping precinct is centred on the town square adjacent to Castle Street. The town has a leisure centre (Duneske), an all-weather soccer pitch, all weather tennis courts, a Downhill and Enduro mountain-biking track and a GAA pitch. An 18-hole golf course lies outside the town.[13]



Schools in the town include Bunscoil na Cathrach (Primary School) and Coláiste Dún Iascaigh (Secondary School).[14] Our Lady of Mercy Primary School and Cahir Boys National School merged in 2022 to form Bunscoil na Cathrach.[15]



Cahir has a number of teams in various sports. Cahir GAA are the local Gaelic team and play on the GAA pitch located on the Ardfinnan road. They were Tipperary Senior Football Champions in 2003. Cahir Park AFC are the local junior soccer team. Formed in 1910, they are one of the oldest junior soccer teams in the country. Their ground is also located in Cahir Park on the Ardfinnan road.

International relations


Cahir has been twinned with the town of Scarborough in England since 2003.[16][irrelevant citation]

Notable people


See also



  1. ^ a b "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Settlements Cahir". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Archived from the original on 24 September 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Census for post 1821 figures". Archived from the original on 20 September 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  3. ^ "Histpop - The Online Historical Population Reports Website". Archived from the original on 7 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency - Census Home Page". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  5. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  6. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl:10197/1406. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
  7. ^ a b "An Chathair/Caher". Placenames Database of Ireland. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Cahir station" (PDF). Railscot — Irish Railways. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 March 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2007.
  9. ^ Jackman, Neil (10 July 2015). "One of Ireland's best medieval castles was the scene of a bitter showdown between two brothers". Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  10. ^ South Tipperary 1570–1842 Religion, Land and Rivalry, Four Courts Press, David J. Butler
  11. ^ "Cahir Castle". Ask About Ireland. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Glengarra Wood". Discover Ireland. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Cahir Park Golf Club". Archived from the original on 3 September 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  14. ^ "Coláiste Dún Iascaigh". Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Historic day in Cahir as primary schools amalgamate". Archived from the original on 13 June 2022. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  16. ^ "Cahir, county Tipperary, for your holiday in Ireland". Visit Cahir. Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.