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Gagetown (2016 population: 711) is a village in Queens County, New Brunswick, Canada. It is situated on the west bank of the Saint John River and is the county's shire town.

Village of Gagetown
Village
The Gagetown village post office
The Gagetown village post office
Village of Gagetown is located in New Brunswick
Village of Gagetown
Village of Gagetown
Location of Gagetown, New Brunswick
Coordinates: 45°46′N 66°10′W / 45.77°N 66.16°W / 45.77; -66.16
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
CountyQueens
ParishGagetown
Village Status1966
Government
 • TypeVillage Council
 • MayorMike Blaney
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total698
 • Density47.6/km2 (123/sq mi)
 • Change 2006-11
Decrease-2.9%
 • Census Ranking
2,944 of 5,008
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s)506
Dwellings630
Median Income*$37,983 CDN
Access Routes Route 102
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)
Gagetown Lighthouse
Gagetown, New Brunswick is located in New Brunswick
Gagetown, New Brunswick
New Brunswick
LocationGagetown
New Brunswick
Canada
Coordinates45°46′6.93″N 66°8′25.27″W / 45.7685917°N 66.1403528°W / 45.7685917; -66.1403528
Year first constructed1895 (first)
Year first lit1934 (current)
Foundationwooden piles
Constructionwooden tower (first and current)
Tower shapelow square frustum skeletal tower with watch room, balcony and lantern (current)
tapered square frustum tower with balcony and lantern (first)
Markings / patternwhite tower and watch room, red lantern (current)
white tower, red lantern (first)
Tower height9.7 metres (32 ft) (current)
14.3 metres (47 ft) (first)
Focal height11.9 metres (39 ft) (current)
16 metres (52 ft) (first)
Original lensChance Brothers seventh-order drum dioptric
Current lensChance Brothers seventh-order drum dioptric
Light sourcemain power
Range8 nautical miles (15 km; 9.2 mi)[4]
CharacteristicF G
CHS numberCCG 135
ARLHS numberCAN-190
Managing agentCanadian Coast Guard[5][6]

Contents

HistoryEdit

AcadiansEdit

 
St. John River Campaign: A View of the Plundering and Burning of the City of Grimross (present day Gagetown, New Brunswick) by Thomas Davies in 1758. This is the only contemporaneous image of the Expulsion of the Acadians

Gagetown was originally named Grimross by the Acadians and Maliseet, who lived there prior to the Expulsion of the Acadians. The Raid on Grimross occurred during the St. John River Campaign (1758–59). During the Expulsion of the Acadians, many Acadians fled from various parts of the Maritimes to villages along the Saint John River. The St. John River Campaign occurred during the French and Indian War when Colonel Robert Monckton led a force of 1150 British soldiers to destroy the Acadian settlements on the banks of the Saint John River until they reached the largest village of Ste Anne's Point (present day Fredericton, New Brunswick) in February 1759.[7] There were 2000 Acadians on the Saint John River, many of whom were refugees trying to escape the Expulsion of the Acadians.[8]

On November 4, 1758, British Officer, Monckton entered the nearly vacant village and the Rangers chased down and scalped Acadians.[9] They burned 50 buildings, crops and killed the animals.[10]

The name of the village is derived from British General Sir Thomas Gage. Major General Thomas Gage was granted a large tract of land in central New Brunswick in appreciation of his service to the British Empire in the Seven Years' War; this land comprises modern day Gagetown.

LoyalistsEdit

It is a historic Loyalist community that served as a stop for river boats during the 1800s and early 1900s.

The village is the birthplace of Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley, a Father of Confederation.

TodayEdit

The nearby army training centre, CFB Gagetown, takes its name from the village, although its headquarters are in Oromocto. Despite sharing the name, the village of Gagetown has no direct access to the base and its massive training area.

Every Summer since 2009 a local music & art collective known as FEELS GOOD[11] and the North Hampton Brewing Company (which produces a local microbrew known as Picaroons) has produced and hosted a 3-day music festival known as Folly Fest. Folly Fest generally falls on the weekend closest to the split of June & July.

The Gagetown Ferry, formerly a free cable ferry, crossed the Saint John River to Lower Jemseg on the east bank, but in 2015 the Liberal Government cut the ferry for provincial budget reasons.

ClimateEdit

Gagetown has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with warm summers, cold winters and plenty of precipitation year-round. Snowfall is frequent in winter.

Climate data for Gagetown, New Brunswick (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.7
(71.1)
28.5
(83.3)
34.5
(94.1)
34.5
(94.1)
36.1
(97.0)
37.2
(99.0)
33.3
(91.9)
28.3
(82.9)
21.1
(70.0)
16.0
(60.8)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) −4.1
(24.6)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.6
(36.7)
9.3
(48.7)
16.6
(61.9)
21.9
(71.4)
24.8
(76.6)
24.4
(75.9)
19.7
(67.5)
13.0
(55.4)
6.0
(42.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
11.0
(51.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.6
(16.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.8
(40.6)
11.3
(52.3)
16.4
(61.5)
19.5
(67.1)
19.2
(66.6)
14.7
(58.5)
8.6
(47.5)
2.5
(36.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
6.3
(43.3)
Average low °C (°F) −13.0
(8.6)
−11.3
(11.7)
−6.1
(21.0)
0.2
(32.4)
5.8
(42.4)
10.8
(51.4)
14.2
(57.6)
13.9
(57.0)
9.7
(49.5)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
1.6
(34.9)
Record low °C (°F) −34.4
(−29.9)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.4
(39.9)
3.3
(37.9)
−3.9
(25.0)
−8.9
(16.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−33.3
(−27.9)
−37.8
(−36.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 104.6
(4.12)
77.3
(3.04)
100.7
(3.96)
89.4
(3.52)
105.8
(4.17)
86.1
(3.39)
96.9
(3.81)
86.5
(3.41)
86.1
(3.39)
105.7
(4.16)
101.8
(4.01)
98.4
(3.87)
1,139.2
(44.85)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 67.4
(26.5)
44.8
(17.6)
52.2
(20.6)
14.5
(5.7)
0.4
(0.2)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(0.2)
13.5
(5.3)
41.1
(16.2)
234.5
(92.3)
Average precipitation days 13.8 11.4 14.6 14.3 15.0 14.6 14.1 13.1 13.3 13.7 15.3 13.8 167.6
Source: Environment Canada [12]

Notable peopleEdit

John Montgomery was born in Gagetown. He owned the tavern (Montgomery's Tavern in Toronto, Ontario) which served as a base for the rebels during the Upper Canada Rebellion. His parents were loyalists who fled from New York following the American revolution.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Government of New Brunswick website: Gagetown
  2. ^ Statistics Canada Mobile Census Profile: Baker-Brook, New Brunswick (Village)
  3. ^ Statistics Canada Community Profile: Gagetown, New Brunswick
  4. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.
  5. ^ Northern New Brunswick The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 21 March 2017
  6. ^ Gagetown, NB Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 21 March 2017
  7. ^ John Grenier. The Far Reaches of Empire: War in Nova Scotia, 1710-1760. Oklahoma University Press.pp. 199-200
  8. ^ Maxwell, p. 25.
  9. ^ [52 Raymond, p. 123.]
  10. ^ F. Thériault, p. 11.]
  11. ^ "FEELS GOOD". www.feelsgood.ca. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
  12. ^ "Climate normals for Gagetown 1981–2010". Environment Canada. Retrieved 30 August 2018.

External linksEdit