Frank Huntington Stack (born October 31, 1937 in Houston, Texas) is an American underground cartoonist and fine artist. Working under the name Foolbert Sturgeon to avoid persecution for his work while living in the Bible Belt, Stack published what is considered by many to be the first underground comic, The Adventures of Jesus, in 1962.
|Born||October 31, 1937|
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Area(s)||Cartoonist, Printmaker, Painter|
|Awards||Harvey Award, 1995|
Haxtur Award, Artist That We Love, 2006
Inkpot Award, 2011
|Spouse(s)||Mildred Roberta "Robbie" Powell (m. 1959–1998; her death)|
Stack's main artistic influences were Gustave Doré, Roy Crane, and V. T. Hamlin. He is widely known as a printmaker, specializing in etchings and lithographs, and his sketchy comics style evokes Stack's background as an etcher. (His technique of creating etchings on-site was featured in American Artist magazine.) His oil paintings and watercolors mostly feature landscape and figure compositions.
Education and teaching careerEdit
Stack graduated from the University of Texas at Austin with a BFA in 1959. He received his M.A. at the University of Wyoming, and also studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and the Académie de la Grande Chaumière of Paris.
He was a long-time professor of art at the University of Missouri, where he taught from 1963–2001, and is now a professor emeritus. In addition, he did teaching stints at Appalachian State and Virginia Tech.
While at the University of Texas, Stack joined the staff of The Texas Ranger student humor magazine in 1957, and was editor of the magazine in 1958–1959. As editor, Stack aspired for the Ranger to emulate the humor exemplified by The New Yorker and Punch. He published comic strips by fellow UT student Gilbert Shelton, later known for Wonder Wart-Hog and The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers.
Although he had already graduated in 1959, starting in 1962, (using the pen-name Foolbert Sturgeon) he published The Adventures of Jesus in The Texas Ranger (as well as early counterculture publications like The Austin Iconoclastic and The Charlatan). In 1964, then Texas Ranger editor Gilbert Shelton collected about a dozen of the Jesus strips, designed a cover, and made 50 photocopies of the collection, giving them to associates around the UT campus.
Stack's most prolific period as a cartoonist was in the late 1960s and early 1970s. During this period, Rip Off Press (co-founded by Shelton and fellow UT cartoonist Jaxon) published three issues of Stack's Jesus Comics, as well as such solo titles as Feelgood Funnies and Amazon Comics. In 1972 Stack contributed to The Rip Off Review of Western Culture with "Jesus Goes To The Faculty Party." In addition to publishing several articles in The Comics Journal, Stack contributed comics to such anthologies as Zero Zero, Blab!, Snarf, Rip Off Comix, and Weirdo. His strips The Case of Dr. Feelgood and Dorman's Doggie were syndicated by the Underground Press Syndicate in 1976–1978.
From 1986 to 2001, Stack was a regular contributor to Harvey Pekar's American Splendor. He also illustrated the acclaimed nonfiction graphic novel Our Cancer Year, written by Pekar and his wife Joyce Brabner, which won the 1995 Harvey Award for best original graphic novel.
Stack met his future wife Robbie Powell at the University of Texas, where they were both staffers on The Texas Ranger. Stack and Powell were married from 1959 until her death in 1998.
Comics and booksEdit
- The Adventures of Jesus (published in zine form by Gilbert Shelton, 1964)
- Jesus Comics (Rip Off Press, 1969–1972)
- #1: The New Adventures of Jesus (1969)
- #2: Jesus Meets the Armed Services (1970)
- #3: Jesus Joins the Academic Community (1972)
- Feelgood Funnies (2 issues, Rip Off Press, 1972, 1984)
- Amazon Comics (Rip Off Press, 1972)
- Dorman's Doggie (Rip Off Press, 1979) ISBN 9780878160976
- Our Cancer Year (Four Walls Eight Windows, 1994) — written by Harvey Pekar and Joyce Brabner
- Naked Glory: the Erotic Art of Frank Stack (Eros Comix, 1998) ISBN 9781560972297
- The New Adventures of Jesus: The Second Coming (Fantagraphics, 2007) ISBN 9781560977803
- Wilder, Amy. "Artists consider balance, boundaries when depicting the human body," Columbia Daily Tribune (June 16, 2013).
- Frank Stack / Foolbert Sturgeon Biography and Information: Comic Book Art - Underground Comix
- Stack, Frank; Shelton, Gilbert (25 December 2006). "Introduction". The New Adventures of Jesus. Fantagraphics Books. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-56097-780-3.
- Skinn, Dez (20 May 2004). "Heroes of the Revolution". Comix: The Underground Revolution. Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-56025-572-7.
- "Special Collections and Rare Books: Frank Stack Collection," University of Missouri Libraries. Accessed Dec. 29, 2016.
- Frank Stack - Artist, Art - Frank Huntington Stack
- Holland, Richard A. The Texas Book: Profiles, History, and Reminiscences of the University (University of Texas Press, 2006), pp. 223–299.
- Fox, M. Steven. "God Nose." ComixJoint. Accessed Dec. 5, 2016.
- Harveyawards.org Archived 2010-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
- "Exhibition - Frank Stack at 75". Missouri Life.
- Mayer, Olivia. "Frankly Speaking." Scene Magazine (Columbia Daily Tribune) (Sept. 27, 1990), cover and pp. 10-11.
- "50 Plus Spotlight: Frank Stack." Columbia Daily Tribune (Aug. 13, 1992), suppl. p. 7.
- "Frank Stack," Comic Book Superstars (Kraus Publications, 1993), pp. 200-201.
- "Sketchbook," The Comics Journal #162 (Oct. 1993), pp. 115-119.
- Pekar, Harvey. “Frank Stack, an Appreciation.” Inks (Feb. 1996), pp. 24-29.
- "The Authoritative Frank Stack, or, Foolbert Sturgeon on Jesus, Crumb and Cancer," The Comics Journal #189 (Aug. 1996), pp. 92-110.