Francisco Javier García Cabeza de Vaca

Francisco Javier García Cabeza de Vaca (born 17 September 1967) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PAN, and the Governor of Tamaulipas from 2016 to 2022. García has previously served as a local and federal legislator, having served one term in the Chamber of Deputies and three and a half years in the Senate.[2]

Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca
Governor of Tamaulipas
In office
October 1, 2016 – September 30, 2022
Preceded byEgidio Torre Cantú
Succeeded byAmérico Villarreal Anaya
Senator of the Senate of the Republic
In office
September 1, 2012 – January 29, 2016
Preceded byJosé Julián Sacramento Garza
Succeeded bySandra Luz García Guajardo
Member of the Congress of Tamaulipas
In office
January 1, 2008 – June 10, 2010
Mayor of Reynosa
In office
Preceded bySerapio Cantú Barragán
Succeeded byMiguel Ángel Villarreal Ongay
Federal Deputy for Tamaulipas District II
In office
September 1, 2000 – August 31, 2003
Preceded byArmando Garza Cantú
Succeeded byMaki Esther Ortíz
Personal details
Born (1967-09-17) September 17, 1967 (age 55)
McAllen, Texas, U.S.[1]
Political partyNational Action Party
Alma materHouston Baptist University (BS)
University of Monterrey (MA)

Governor García Cabeza de Vaca was accused by Emilio Lozoya Austin, former director of Pemex, in July 2020 of receiving bribes in 2013–2014 to support energy reform legislation.[3][4]

An arrest warrant was issued for Cabeza de Vaca on 19 May 2021 by the Attorney General's Office of Mexico, which accused him of corruption.[5] The governor, who retained immunity only within Tamaulipas after a constitutional dispute on the matter,[6] rejected the accusations as politically motivated.[5]


García was born in McAllen, Texas and holds dual US and Mexican citizenship;[1] he graduated from McAllen Memorial High School. His family owns Maquinados Industriales de Reynosa and Desarrolladora Cava, companies that have provided service to such clients as Pemex, Caminos y Puentes Federales (CAPUFE), and the National Water Commission (CONAGUA).[7] At the age of 12, he competed as a track and field athlete, the 1979 Tamaulipas state champion.[2] As a result, he was sent to the National Athletic Tournament in Monterrey representing his home state. He received undergraduate degrees in business administration and branding from Houston Baptist University; while at HBU, he played on the school's soccer team.[2] García would also obtain a master's degree from the Universidad de Monterrey.[2]

In the late 1990s, García joined the PAN and began his political career. He served as a regional coordinator for the 1998 Tamaulipas gubernatorial election, and in 2000, he coordinated the Organización Amigos de Fox A.C. Zona Norte de Tamaulipas and was a member of the Consejo Estatal Amigos de Fox, both organizations devoted to the presidential campaign of Vicente Fox.[2] That same year, voters sent him to the LVIII Legislature, where he served as the secretary of the Commission on Population, Borders and Migratory Matters and sat on two work commissions. In 2004, García became a national councilor for the PAN, a position he would hold until 2013.

Around this time, García founded Productos Chamoyada, S.A. de C.V., a Reynosa-based company devoted to the creation of confectionery products. In November 2009, the United States Food and Drug Administration circulated Import Alert 33–12, ordering the seizure of all hard and soft candies containing sweet peppers that Chamoyada and other companies attempted to export into the United States.[8] The alert was issued because a 1997 inspection of similar sweets by the FDA's Dallas Division found them to contain "rodent filth and insect filth".[9]

After a failed bid in 2002, Reynosa voters elected García to the municipal presidency from 2005 to 2007; during this time, he served as the liaison between mayors and the 2006 PAN presidential candidate, Felipe Calderón Hinojosa.[7] He then bounced around in different positions. From 2008 to 2010, he represented Reynosa in the LX Legislature of Tamaulipas, heading the PAN parliamentary group in the state congress.[2] For a time in 2011, he was the Director General of the Commission for the Regularization of Land Holdings (CORETT).

In 2012, García returned to Congress, this time as a senator for the LXII and LXIII Legislatures. He presided over the Agrarian Reform Commission and served on the commissions for the Navy, Communications and Transportation, and Energy; at the start of the LXIII Legislature, he also picked up the presidency of the National Defense Commission.[2] Among his legislative projects were laws that toughened sanctions against judges and politicians involved with organized crime and penalized the improper use of uniforms.[7]

2016 gubernatorial campaignEdit

Effective January 29, 2016, García resigned from the Chamber of Deputies to pursue the governorship of Tamaulipas.[10]

During the elections, a video attributed to Anonymous was released claiming that García owned a variety of undeclared properties, including a $2.5 million home in an exclusive Mexico City golf club allegedly acquired in 2015.[11] The Party of the Democratic Revolution claimed that in three municipalities, organized crime had threatened all political parties and ordered them to support García's election.[12]

In the June 5 elections, García earned 50.1 percent of the vote, making him the first non-PRI governor of the state in 86 years.[13] He beat Baltazar Hinojosa Ochoa, the PRI candidate. In the state of Tamaulipas, it supports the economic development of the region with its work.[14]

Governor 2016-2022Edit

By 2021, he was known as an "outspoken critic" of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador.[6]

Immunity conflictEdit

In 2021, the Attorney General of Mexico (FGR) asked the Congress of Tamaulipas to remove García's fuero (parliamentary immunity) from prosecution, claiming there was evidence of ties to drug cartels, money-laundering, and tax fraud. The request was confirmed by MORENA's deputy, Ignacio Mier, on 23 February 23, 2021, although representatives of the PAN party insisted the move was politically motivated in light of the 2021 Mexican elections.[15] Early in 2021, when he was accused of money laundering, the Financial Intelligence Unit in Mexico claimed Garcia Cabeca de Vaca had numerous properties in Mexico and Texas, with the governor in March saying none of the homes in the report were his.[16] On 22 March 2021 he appeared before the FGR to hear the accusations against him, gaining access to the investigation files against him that he'd previously been denied access to. Garcia Cabeza de Vaca affirmed he would prove his innocence.[17]

By April 2021, while he had been accused of organized crime and money laundering by the Mexican District Attorney's Office, but there had been no evidence found to support the accusations. At the end of April 2021, the House of Representatives voted 302 in favor of, 134 against, and 14 abstaining for removing Garcia Cabeza's immunity against federal charges, which could lead to him being potentially charged with tax evasion.[18]

Warrant conflictEdit

An arrest warrant was issued for Cabeza de Vaca on 19 May 2021 by the Attorney General's Office of Mexico, which accused him of corruption.[5] His bank accounts were also reported frozen by federal prosecutors[16] and the National Migration Institute (INM) announced it had issued an immigration alert to track Cabeza de Vaca's movements.[19] In response to the media noting the warrant originated in the National Palace, president Lopez Obrador asserted he had not given instructions for the arrest as "The Public Prosecutor's Office is autonomous" and revenge was "not his strength."[20]

On Twitter the governor rejected the accusations as politically motivated,[5] while the National Action Party said the warrant represented a "break in the constitutional order for political reasons."[21] At the time, "a disagreement between courts, prosecutors and state and federal legislatures [made] it unclear whether the Tamaulipas state governor can be arrested, or whether he still enjoys immunity from prosecution as an elected official." While the federal Congress, dominated by the party of the president, had previously voted to remove immunity, while state legislature refused to recognize the vote. The Supreme Court had desisted on sharing an opinion,[16] which according to the Associated Press, appeared to leave the governor "in a situation of retaining his immunity" only within Tamaulipas.[6] On 20 May 2021, Congress of Tamaulipas agreed to sue the Attorney Generals of the Republic (FGR) and General of the State over the arrest warrant, arguing it violated their sovereignty. PAN politicians in the Congress stressed the Attorney General lacked the jurisdiction to detain Garcia Cabeza de Vaca, and that it was not considering an interim governor appointment.[22]

On 20 May 2021, President Lopez Obrador said that if the United States sent any diplomatic documents concerning the "bizarre standoff" between the president and governor, he would possibly publish them himself, even if they contained sensitive information. He displayed a May 4 letter from the legal attaché of the US Embassy, asking for "information on Garcia Cabeza de Vaca as part of a U.S. money laundering investigation."[16] On 21 May 2021, Milenio reported that the Financial Intelligence Unit had "handed over all information" about Cabeza de Vaca and the entirety of his family to the FBI, the DEA, and FinCEN in the United States.[23]

On 27 May 2021, UIF filed a complaint against García Cabeza de Vaca for embezzlement. After he hired a law firm in Houston, Texas, the FIU asked the FGR to investigate whether he was using public funds to pay for legal advisory services.[24]

Return to public eventsEdit

On 26 May 2021, a corrupt judge suspended the arrest warrant, preventing the FGR from arresting him. [25] He was reported to hold a videoconference meeting at Casa Tam with governors and the secretary of the interior on 27 May 2021, reporting the meeting on his Twitter account.[26] On 30 May 2021, a judge ruled that despite the pulled warrant, criminal proceedings could not be prevented.[27] On 31 May 2021, he was present at an event to launch a "pilot plan" to re-open schools for young children in the state.[28] On 6 June 2021, it was reported he had ended his contractual relationship with his lawyer and was changing his defense team.[29] On 7 June 2021, the UIF was ordered to unfreeze the accounts of his relatives, including his mother, wife, and brother. The judge argued the freezes were unconstitutional, as the origin and legal support of the action by the FIU was unknown and undeclared.[30] On 22 June, a federal judge is to decide whether the governor would continue to be granted protection from federal arrest.[31]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Chapa, Sergio (2016-03-08). "Mexican senator eyes 'Tamaulipas trade office' for San Antonio". San Antonio Business Journal. Retrieved 2016-07-04.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Perfil del legislador". Legislative Information System. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  3. ^ "¿Quiénes son y dónde están los implicados por Emilio Lozoya en sobornos?". ADNPolítico (in Spanish). 25 July 2020. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  4. ^ "Lozoya revela que sobornó a panistas por órdenes de Peña". Nación321 (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d A judge issues an arrest warrant against the governor of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas, Madrid, Spain: El Mundo, 20 May 2021, p. 1, retrieved 20 May 2021
  6. ^ a b c Mexican judge issues arrest order for opposition governor, Mexico City: WSIL-TV, 19 May 2021, p. 1, retrieved 22 May 2021
  7. ^ a b c "Cabeza de Vaca, el gobernador que sacó al PRI en Tamaulipas". Milenio. 2016-06-06.
  8. ^ Rojas Molina, Seth (2010-06-10). "CABEZA DE VACA: FDA "POR SI LAS MOSCAS (O ROEDORES)"". Retrieved 2016-06-26.
  9. ^ FDA: Import Alert 33-12
  10. ^ "Senado concede licencia al senador Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca". Senado de México. 2016-02-02. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  11. ^ "Acusan a García Cabeza de Vaca de tener inmueble millonario". El Financiero. 2016-05-24. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  12. ^ González Camarena, Alberto (2016-05-15). "Vincula el PRD con cártel a Cabeza de Vaca". El Financiero. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  13. ^ González Antonio, Héctor (2016-06-12). "El abanderado de Acción Nacional fue acreditado como gobernador electo de Tamaulipas". Excélsior. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  14. ^ "Inauguran Cabeza de Vaca y Rivas Cuellar moderna nave industrial en Oradel". Nuevo Laredo Noticias. 2018-08-18. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  15. ^ Beauregard, Luis Pablo (24 February 2021). "La Fiscalía pide retirar el fuero al gobernador de Tamaulipas por delincuencia organizada". EL PAÍS (in Spanish). Retrieved February 24, 2021.
  16. ^ a b c d Stevenson, Mark (20 May 2021), Mexican president draws US into dispute over governor, United States: ABC News, p. 1, retrieved 22 May 2021
  17. ^ García Cabeza de Vaca accesses the investigation folder for which the FGR requested his violation, El Universal, 23 March 2021, p. 1, retrieved 8 June 2021
  18. ^ Mexican governor to lose political immunity, Texas: KGNS, 30 April 2021, p. 1, retrieved 23 May 2021
  19. ^ Parisi, Kiarinna (20 May 2021), Government of Mexico orders to freeze bank accounts and requests to monitor migratory movements of the governor of Tamaulipas, Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca, CNN Espanol, retrieved 23 May 2021
  20. ^ I did not give the instruction to apprehend Cabeza de Vaca: AMLO, El Universal, 20 May 2021, retrieved 6 May 2021
  21. ^ Castillo, Eduardo (19 May 2021), Mexican judge issues arrest order for opposition governor, WDRB, p. 1, retrieved 23 May 2021
  22. ^ Cedillo, Juan Alberto (20 May 2021), amaulipas Congress goes against the judge who ordered the arrest of García Cabeza de Vaca, Mexico: Proceso, p. 1, retrieved 24 May 2021
  23. ^ Lopez Ponce, Jannet (21 May 2021), DEA and FBI receive file against García Cabeza de Vaca, governor of Tamaulipas, Milenio, retrieved 23 May 2021
  24. ^ FIU files fourth complaint against García Cabeza de Vaca, now for embezzlement, El Universal, 27 May 2021, p. 1, retrieved 6 May 2021
  25. ^ The arrest warrant against Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca suspended, Mexico: MSN, 26 May 2021, p. 1, retrieved 31 May 2021
  26. ^ Cabeza de Vaca reappears 'as if nothing' in meeting of governors with Sánchez Cordero, El Financiero, 27 May 2021, p. 1, retrieved 31 May 2021
  27. ^ Judge seeks to prosecute Governor García Cabeza de Vaca still with jurisdiction, Mexico: El Siglo Durango, 30 May 2021, p. 1, retrieved 31 May 2021
  28. ^ Governor Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca launched the Pilot Plan for the Return to Face-to-Face Classes, El Redactor, 31 May 2021, p. 1, retrieved 31 May 2021
  29. ^ Millennium, Digital (6 May 2021), García Cabeza de Vaca changes lawyer, Milenio, retrieved 10 June 2021
  30. ^ Arellano Garcia, Cesar (7 June 2021), UIF ordered to unfreeze accounts of relatives of García Cabeza de Vaca, La Jornada, p. 1, retrieved 10 June 2021
  31. ^ Mosso, Ruben (6 August 2021), Judge stops the capture of the governor of Tamaulipas, Milenio, retrieved 10 June 2021

External linksEdit