Attorney General of Mexico
The Attorney General of Mexico (Spanish: Fiscal General de la República) (Attorney General of the Republic) is the head of the Attorney General's Office (Fiscalía General de la República, FGR) and the Federal Public Ministry (Ministerio Público de la Federación), an institution belonging to the Federal Government's executive branch that is responsible for the investigation and prosecution of federal crimes. The office is governed mainly by the Constitution of Mexico and the Organic Law of the Attorney General's Office (Ley Orgánica de la Procuraduría General de la República). The Attorney General is a member of the President's Cabinet.
|Attorney General of Mexico|
|Procuraduria General de la Republica|
|First holder||Pablo de la Garza|
The head of the FGR, Raúl Cervantes Andrade, resigned after claiming his name and "ambition" were being used politically, delaying implementation of a truly independent Attorney General (Spanish: Fiscal General de la República) by amended Article 102 of the Constitution; he had succeeded Arely Gómez González, both lawyers and members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).
The Attorney General's Office is organized into several subordinate entities, including five Under-Attorney General Offices (Legal and International Affairs, Regional Control and Criminal Procedures, Specialized in Organized Crime, Specialized in Federal Crimes, Human Rights and Community Services, Prosecutor Offices such as the Specialized in Electoral Crimes, the Federal Investigations Agency, and the National Center for Planning, Analysis and Information for Combating Crime (Centro Nacional de Planeación, Análisis e Información para el Combate a la Delincuencia, CENAPI).
List of Attorneys GeneralEdit
- Alejandro Gertz Manero (1 December 2018 – present)
- Alberto Elías Beltrán (16 October 2017 – 30 November 2018)
- Raúl Cervantes Andrade (26 October 2016 – 16 October 2017)
- Arely Gómez González (27 February 2015 – 26 October 2016)
- Jesús Murillo Karam (4 December 2012 – 27 February 2015)
- Marisela Morales (1 April 2011 – 4 December 2012)
- Arturo Chávez (24 September 2009 – 31 March 2011)
- Eduardo Medina Mora (1 December 2006 – 7 September 2009)
- Daniel Cabeza de Vaca (28 April 2005 – 30 November 2006)
- Rafael Macedo de la Concha (1 December 2000 – 27 April 2005)
|Name||Term of Office|
|Manuel Castelazo Fuentes||1911–1911|
|Francisco Modesto de Olaguíbel||1914–1914|
|Pascual Morales y Molina||1916–1917|
|Pablo A. de la Garza||1917–1918|
|Romeo Ortega y Castillo de Levín||1925–1928|
|Ezequiel Padilla Peñaloza||1928–1928|
|José Aguilar y Maya||1930–1932|
|Emilio Portes Gil||1932–1934|
|Ignacio García Téllez||1936–1937|
|Antonio Villalobos Maillard||1937–1937|
|Genaro V. Vázquez Quiroz||1937–1940|
|José Aguilar y Maya||1940–1946|
|Francisco González de la Vega||1946–1952|
|Carlos Franco Sodi||1952–1956|
|Jose Aguilar y Maya||1956–1958|
|Fernando López Arias||1958–1962|
|Oscar Treviño Ríos||1962–1964|
|Antonio Rocha Cordero||1964–1967|
|Julio Sánchez Vargas||1967–1971|
|Pedro Ojeda Paullada||1971–1976|
|Oscar Flores Sánchez||1976–1982|
|Sergio García Ramírez||1982–1988|
|Enrique Álvarez del Castillo||1988–1991|
|Ignacio Morales Lechuga||1991–1993|
|Jorge Carpizo McGregor||1993–1994|
|Humberto Benítez Treviño||1994–1994|
|Antonio Lozano Gracia||1994–1996|
|Jorge Madrazo Cuéllar||1996–2000|
Many fixed-wing aircraft of the PGR were obtained after having been confiscated, so their air fleet consists of various types, of which very few are appropriate to the tasks of combatting drug trafficking. Its current fleet consists of Commander Gulfstream jets 840, 900, 980 to 1000, Learjet, Citation I and II, and Grumman. They also operate several types of Cessna and Beechcraft King Air aircraft.
During the administration of President Fox, most of the PGR's air fleet – just over 100 units – was abandoned because required maintenance had not been performed. In November 2007, during the administration of President Felipe Calderon, the PGR transferred 58 helicopters to the Ministry of National Defense (SEDENA) to be fixed and readied to work in the eradication of illegal drug crops. In 2008, the PGR submitted an official request to the Ministry of Finance to purchase 30 new Eurocopter helicopters for surveillance and interception.
- ¿Qué es PGR? (in Spanish), Procuraduría General de la República, April 27, 2007, archived from the original on 2008-12-23
- Wilkinson, Tracy (March 31, 2011). "Calderon replaces Mexico attorney general". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
- Renuncia procurador general de México (in Spanish), Sputnik Mundo, October 16, 2017, retrieved January 4, 2018
- Segura, Gerardo (3 March 2015). "Ratifican a Arely Gómez González en PGR". Azteca Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- [PGR gave http://www.el-universal.com.mx/nacion/156121.html[permanent dead link] Sedena inoperable aircraft to destroy crops]
- (in Spanish) Attorney General's Office website