Florencia, Caquetá

Florencia (Spanish pronunciation: [floˈɾensja], English: Florence) is a municipality and capital city of the Department of Caquetá, Colombia. It is the most important city in southwest Colombia because of its population as well as its more than a hundred years of history. It is the boundary between mountains and the Amazon. It lies on the Orteguaza River which flows into the Caqueta River. Its population is 168,346 in 2018.[3]

Florencia
Municipality and city
Plaza Pizarro.jpg
Marco Polo Ferry.JPG
Florencia Av. Fundadores.JPG
Banco de la República en Florencia.jpg
CatedralNtraSraLourdesAtardecer.JPG
Top: View of Pizarro Square Plaza Pizarro and Jorge Elierer Gaitán Tower (Torre Jorge Elierer Gaitán) and Luis Hernando Turbay Municipal Palace (Palacio Municipal de Luis Hernando Turbay), Second: A sightseeing boat at Biblioteca River, Third: Fundadores Avenue (Avenida del Fundadores), Florencia Republic Financial heritage building, (left to right) Bottom: Caquetá Cathedral and San Francisco de Asis Square
Flag of Florencia
Official seal of Florencia
Nickname(s): 
Golden Gate to the Colombian Amazonia
Location of the municipality and town of Florencia in the Caquetá Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Florencia in the Caquetá Department of Colombia.
Florencia is located in Colombia
Florencia
Florencia
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 1°36′50″N 75°36′46″W / 1.61389°N 75.61278°W / 1.61389; -75.61278Coordinates: 1°36′50″N 75°36′46″W / 1.61389°N 75.61278°W / 1.61389; -75.61278
Country Colombia
RegionAmazonas Region
DepartmentCaquetá Department
Founded1902
Incorporated1912
Founded byDoroteo de Pupiales
Named forFlorence
Government
 • MayorMaría Susana Portela
Area
 • Municipality and city2,292 km2 (885 sq mi)
 • Urban
14.56 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
Elevation
242 m (794 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Municipality and city168,346
 • Rank35th in Colombia
 • Density73/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Urban
147,939
 • Urban density10,000/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
 • Rural
21,519
 DANE
Demonym(s)Florencian
florenciano (m), -na (f)
florentino (m), -na (f)
Ethnicity
 • White/Mestizo95.9%
 • Afro3.3%
 • Amerindian0.8%
Time zoneUTC-05 (Colombia Standard Time)
Postal code
180001–180009
Area code(s)57 + 8
Major airportGustavo Artunduaga Paredes Airport
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)
Florencia Pizrro Square

HistoryEdit

Florencia was founded on December 25, 1902 by Capuchin Friar Doroteo De Pupiales (1876-1959) Born in Pupiales, Nariño, Colombia.

GeographyEdit

Florencia is located by the steps of the Cordillera Oriental mountain range. The municipality of Florencia limits to the north with the Huila Department and the municipality of El Paujil, to the east with the municipalities of El Paujil and La Montañita, to the south with the municipalities of Milán and Morelia, and to the west with the municipality of Belén de Andaquies and the Huila Department.

ClimateEdit

Florencia has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af), and experiences significant rainfall during the course of the year. There is still a large amount of rainfall, even in the driest month. The average temperature in Florencia is 26.1 °C or 79.0 °F. In Florencia, January is the driest month, while June tends to be the wettest month. About 3,840 millimetres or 150 inches of rain falls annually during the year.

Climate data for Florencia (Caquetá)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
31.9
(89.4)
30.8
(87.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.8)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
29.9
(85.8)
30.6
(87.1)
31.2
(88.2)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
30.7
(87.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.7
(71.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.3
(70.3)
21.0
(69.8)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.5
(70.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 119
(4.7)
191
(7.5)
296
(11.7)
382
(15.0)
471
(18.5)
503
(19.8)
461
(18.1)
356
(14.0)
329
(13.0)
325
(12.8)
254
(10.0)
153
(6.0)
3,840
(151.1)
Average relative humidity (%) 82 83 86 87 89 89 88 87 87 85 86 84 86
Mean monthly sunshine hours 157.5 109.9 102.5 82.0 106.4 95.9 104.1 123.4 135.4 141.9 146.8 149.6 1,455.4
Source: IDEAM[4] - Gobernación de Caquetá[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.dane.gov.co/files/varios/informacion-capital-DANE-2019.pdf
  2. ^ National Administrative Department of Statistics - DANE (2005). "Perfil Municipal de Florencia - Censo 2005" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  3. ^ https://www.dane.gov.co/files/varios/informacion-capital-DANE-2019.pdf
  4. ^ Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales. "IDEAM - Climatografía de la principales ciudades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 November 2010.
  5. ^ Gobernación de Caquetá. "Estaciones Meteorológicas del Caquetá" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 January 2011.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit

  Media related to Florencia at Wikimedia Commons