Flag of Vanuatu

The flag of Vanuatu (Bislama: flaeg blong Vanuatu) was adopted on 18 February 1980.[1]

Flag of Vanuatu (official).svg
Flag of Vanuatu
UseNational flag, civil and state ensign
Adopted18 February 1980
DesignA horizontal bicolor of red and green with the black isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing the golden boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele cycad fronds in the center and the golden pall, a thin yellow narrow horizontal stripe that splits in the shape of the horizontal Y, centered over the partition lines and was edged in black against the red and the green bands while the two points of the Y faces on each corner and encloses the triangle on the hoist-side.
Designed byKalontas Mahlon
Vanuatu flag bunting flying prior to the 2016 Vanuatuan general election

In 1977 a flag of almost the same colours and symbolism as the future national flag was designed by local artist Kalontas Malon and adopted by the Vanua'aku Pati. When the party led the New Hebrides to independence as Vanuatu in 1980, the colours of the party flag (red, green, black and yellow) were chosen to be the basis for the national flag on Independence Day, 30 July 1980. A parliamentary committee chose the final design based on submissions from local artists.[1]


Tusk and cycad frond detail

The green represents the richness of the islands, the red symbolises blood which unites humanity as humans, and the black the ni-Vanuatu people.[2] The Prime Minister of Vanuatu, Father Walter Lini, requested the inclusion of yellow and black fimbriations to make the black stand out. The yellow Y-shape represents the shape of Vanuatu islands on the map and the light of the gospel going through the pattern of the islands in the Pacific Ocean (approximately 83% of the people of Vanuatu profess Christianity).[1][3][4]

The emblem in the black is a boar's tusk — the symbol of customs and tradition but also prosperity. Its worn as a pendant on the islands – along with two leaves of the local namele tree. These leaves are supposed to be a token of peace, and their 39 leaflets represent the original 39 members of the Parliament of Vanuatu.[1]


With a flag width of 180 units, the width of the triangle, from hoist to point, should be 84 units. The height of the flag will thus be 95 units, with the yellow band being 5 units tall, the gold fimbriations are each 6 units tall and the upper and lower (red and green) parts of the field are, thus, 39 units tall each.[1]

Other flags of VanuatuEdit

Subnational flags from VanuatuEdit

Historical flags of the New HebridesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Vanuatu". Flags of the World. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Vanuatu Flag and Description". www.worldatlas.com. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  3. ^ Department of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs (14 September 2007). "Vanuatu". 2001-2009.state.gov. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  4. ^ "Flag of Vanuatu". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Penama Province (Vanuatu)". Flags of the World. 13 April 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Sanma Province (Vanuatu)". Flags of the World. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Shefa Province (Vanuatu)". Flags of the World. 8 July 2006. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  8. ^ "TAFEA Nation (Vanuatu)". Flags of the World. 21 February 2009. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  9. ^ "Nation of Tanna (Vanuatu)". Flags of the World. 20 July 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "Historical Flags (Vanuatu)". Flags of the World. 10 June 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Vanuatu". World Statesmen. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  12. ^ postage stamp New Hebrides Condominium 1F featuring 3rd South Pacific Games Port Moresby 1969 dated 1969
  13. ^ "State of Vemerana (Vanuatu)". Flags of the World. 14 February 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2014.