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Indy Lights

  (Redirected from Firestone Indy Lights)

Indy Lights is an American developmental automobile racing series sanctioned by IndyCar, currently known as Indy Lights Presented by Cooper Tires for sponsorship reasons. Indy Lights is the highest step on the Road to Indy, a program of racing series leading up to the IndyCar Series. The Indy Lights series has been promoted by Anderson Promotions since 2014, which also manages the Road to Indy program.

Indy Lights
Indy Lights logo.png
CategoryOpen wheel cars
CountryUnited States
Inaugural season1986 (original)
2002 (IndyCar sanctioned)
ConstructorsDallara
Engine suppliersMazda-AER
Tyre suppliersCooper Tires
Drivers' championUnited States Oliver Askew
Teams' championUnited States Andretti Autosport
Official websiteindylights.com
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

A similar series named Indy Lights filled the developmental role for the CART series, and ran from 1986 to 1993 as the American Racing Series and Dayton Indy Lights from 1991 to 2001. The current IndyCar sanctioned series was founded in 2002 as the Infiniti Pro Series as a way to introduce new talent to IndyCar, with the moniker Indy Lights returning in 2008 when CART and IndyCar unified. The Indy Lights champion is awarded a $1M scholarship toward the IndyCar Series, and guaranteed three races including the Indianapolis 500.

Early originsEdit

During the early 1960s, open wheel cars were front engined roadsters. The primary ladder series included sprints and midgets. By the end of the decade, and into the 1970s, the cars evolved into rear-engine formula-style machines. Likewise, the feeder series began to follow the same mold. When USAC became the primary sanctioning body for top-level Indy car racing, the ladder of progression began to change.

USAC Mini Indy SeriesEdit

The SCCA Super Vee and Formula Atlantic series were among the first formula-based ladder series. However, neither had any direct tie to USAC. In 1977, USAC started the "Mini-Indy" series, using Super Vee machines. The series ended after 1980 when USAC stopped sanctioning Indy car races outside of Indianapolis.

Following the end of the "Mini Indy" series, the driver pool in the early 1980s to CART and the Indy 500 was drawn in a largely unorganized fashion amongst Super Vees, Atlantics, SCCA, former Can-Am drivers, sprints, midgets, and even stock cars and off-road racing. In addition, a number of CART series drivers during the 1980s and early 1990s were former Formula 1 competitors, most of whom had climbed the European-based ladder series.

Original series (1986–2001)Edit

 
Mark Smith racing an Indy Lights car at Phoenix International Raceway in 1991.

The original Indy Lights series was formed as an open-wheeled racing series that acted as a developmental circuit for CART from 1986 to 2001. It was founded in 1986 as the American Racing Series (ARS). The series was renamed Indy Lights in 1991. The CART-sanctioned series became widely popular and secured the title sponsorship of Firestone. Later, Firestone's subsidiary Dayton Tires took over as tire supplier and title sponsor.

A spec-series, CART Indy Lights used March chassis (essentially a modified 85B Formula 3000 chassis, renamed to Wildcat) from 1986 to 1992. In 1992 Lola became primary chassis constructor to the series, using a modified F3000 chassis. In 1997, a newly-updated and modern looking chassis was introduced, also based on an F3000 design. It would remain through 2001. Buick V6 engines were used for its entire existence.

The ARS/Indy Lights series' championship winners included two CART champions, two IndyCar Series champions, seven CCWS race-winners and two Formula One drivers.

The Indy Lights schedule closely followed that of the CART series, and typically had a gap of up to a month while the primary CART teams raced at the Indy 500. The races were usually held the morning of the CART series races, as an undercard event. In early years, the Indy Lights series skipped superspeedway races such as Michigan, but eventually found its way to race there. In some rare occasions, the Indy Lights ran at non-CART tracks, generally as a support race to a series other than CART. In 2001 Indy Lights ran at Road Atlanta the weekend of the Petit Le Mans, and ran at Kansas with the IRL.

 
The Lola T97/20 was the specified chassis used from 1997 to 2001. It is pictured here at a vintage racing event in 2016.

By the late 1990s and early 2000s, CART was suffering from financial problems. Meanwhile, in 1996, the rival Indy Racing League was formed. CART canceled the minor league outright after the 2001 season. By this time, the Toyota Atlantic series was equally effective in providing CART with new drivers. In addition, the Atlantics served as a springboard for such drivers as Greg Ray, Sam Hornish, Jr. and Richie Hearn to enter the IRL. The Atlantics effectively became CART's primary feeder system, and later became Champ Car World Series' official in-house feeder championship for a time.

Current series (2002–present)Edit

The Infiniti Pro Series was founded by the Indy Racing League and began racing in 2002, the year after the CART-sanctioned Indy Lights series' demise. It was a spec series using a TWR (Tom Walkinshaw Racing) developed 3.5L version of the V8 engine used in the Infiniti Q45 combined with Dallara chassis producing 420 horsepower (310 kW). The series initially struggled to attract drivers and some races have had fewer than 10 entrants. However, with the introduction of a number of road-course races to the schedule in 2005, many of America's top prospects like Marco Andretti and Phil Giebler were attracted to the series to run part-time schedules on road courses. In 2006, a boost in prize money even further increased car counts to 16 or more, with an even six oval and six road course mix. The selected races being double races, and a stand-alone race (independent of the IndyCar Series) were scheduled on the USGP weekend.

 
Green flag for the 2008 Miami 100 at the Homestead-Miami Speedway.

The series was called the Menards Infiniti Pro Series (MIPS) until 2006 when both Menards and Nissan dropped their sponsorship of the series. It was then known as the Indy Pro Series. On March 26, 2008, the series announced a changing of names, when the historical records and proprietary information of Champ Car were acquired by the IRL. The series then became known as Firestone Indy Lights.

The centerpiece of the Indy Lights schedule is the Freedom 100, contested at Indianapolis Motor Speedway on the Friday prior to the Indianapolis 500. The series also held a support race for the U.S. Grand Prix, the Liberty Challenge, from 2005 to 2007. It was the series' only event that was not a support race to an IndyCar event.

On September 9, 2007, during the Chicagoland 100, Logan Gomez beat Alex Lloyd by 0.0005 seconds (approximately 1.65 inches (42 mm) at 188 mph) which reflects the closest recognized finish in the over century-long history of organized automobile racing throughout the world.[1] In 2008, the margin was established by the Guinness Book of World Records as the closest finish ever in a car race.[2]

On May 24, 2013, Peter Dempsey captured his first Indy Lights win in the Freedom 100 in the closest finish in Indianapolis Motor Speedway history (0.0026 secs) in a four-wide finish.[3]

In June 2013, it was announced that the series would be promoted by Andersen Promotions beginning in 2014.[4] IndyCar sanctioning will remain. In August it was announced that Cooper Tire would replace Firestone as the official tire of the series in 2014.[5] The result being that all three levels of the Road to Indy leading up to the IndyCar Series will be promoted by Andersen and feature Cooper tires, beginning in 2014. The Andersen team implemented a number of cost-reducing updates to the chassis and engine package in 2014 and introduced a new chassis and engine combination in 2015. On October 31, 2013, the series announced that Dallara would be the manufacturer of the fourth-generation Indy Lights chassis and it would be named the Dallara IL-15.[6] On November 1, 2013 a new logo was unveiled for the Indy Lights series[7] On November 26 it was announced that the engine for the new package would be a 2.0L turbocharged MZR-R four cylinder engine, tuned to last a full season of competition and producing 450 horsepower, with push-to-pass offering an additional 50 horsepower.[8]

 
Indy Lights racing at 2019 Freedom 100.

As of 2019, per the Indy Lights official website, the Dallara IL-15 continues to be the chassis employed by the series, but engines are now provided by AER, Advanced Engines Research, modifying and tuning base 2.0 I-4 liter Mazda power plants turbocharged to provide the same power and push-to-pass capability of the former engines, with the added capability of longevity: the engines are designed and fabricated to run an entire season without a rebuild.

Specifications (2002–2014)Edit

 
2008 Firestone Indy Lights car during testing at the Homestead-Miami Speedway.
 
Dallara IL-15, driven by Matheus Leist in the 2017 Freedom 100

Specifications (2015–present)Edit

ChampionsEdit

USAC Mini-Indy SeriesEdit

Season Driver Chassis Engine
1977   Tom Bagley Zink Z11 Volkswagen
  Herm Johnson Lola T324 Volkswagen
1978   Bill Alsup Argo JM2 Volkswagen
1979   Dennis Firestone March Volkswagen
1980   Peter Kuhn Ralt RT1/RT5 Volkswagen
  • 1977: Bagley and Johnson tied in the points and were declared co-champions.

Indy LightsEdit

Season Driver Team Chassis Engine
CART American Racing Series
1986   Fabrizio Barbazza Arciero Racing March 86A Buick 3800 V6
1987   Didier Theys Truesports March 86A Buick 3800 V6
1988   Jon Beekhuis Enterprise Racing March 86A Buick 3800 V6
1989   Mike Groff Leading Edge Motorsport March 86A Buick 3800 V6
1990   Paul Tracy Landford Racing March 86A Buick 3800 V6
CART Firestone/PPG/Dayton Indy Lights Series
1991   Éric Bachelart Landford Racing March 86A Buick 3800 V6
1992   Robbie Buhl Leading Edge Motorsport March 86A Buick 3800 V6
1993   Bryan Herta Tasman Motorsports Lola T93/20 Buick 3800 V6
1994   Steve Robertson Tasman Motorsports Lola T93/20 Buick 3800 V6
1995   Greg Moore Forsythe Racing Lola T93/20 Buick 3800 V6
1996   David Empringham Forsythe Racing Lola T93/20 Buick 3800 V6
1997   Tony Kanaan Tasman Motorsports Lola T97/20 Buick 3800 V6
1998   Cristiano da Matta Tasman Motorsports Lola T97/20 Buick 3800 V6
1999   Oriol Servià Dorricott Racing Lola T97/20 Buick 3800 V6
2000   Scott Dixon PacWest Lights Lola T97/20 Buick 3800 V6
2001   Townsend Bell Dorricott Racing Lola T97/20 Buick 3800 V6
IRL Infiniti Pro Series
2002   A.J. Foyt IV A.J. Foyt Enterprises Dallara IP2 Infiniti VRH35
2003   Mark Taylor Panther Racing Dallara IP2 Infiniti VRH35
2004   Thiago Medeiros Sam Schmidt Motorsports Dallara IP2 Infiniti VRH35
2005   Wade Cunningham Brian Stewart Racing Dallara IP2 Infiniti VRH35
IRL Indy Pro Series
2006   Jay Howard Sam Schmidt Motorsports Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
2007   Alex Lloyd Sam Schmidt Motorsports Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
INDYCAR Indy Lights
2008   Raphael Matos AGRAFS Racing Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
2009   J. R. Hildebrand AGRAFS Racing Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
2010   Jean-Karl Vernay Sam Schmidt Motorsports Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
2011   Josef Newgarden Sam Schmidt Motorsports Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
2012   Tristan Vautier Sam Schmidt Motorsports Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
2013   Sage Karam Schmidt Peterson Motorsports Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
2014   Gabby Chaves 1 Belardi Auto Racing Dallara IP2 Nissan VRH35
2015   Spencer Pigot Juncos Racing Dallara IL-15 Mazda MZR-R
2016   Ed Jones Carlin Dallara IL-15 Mazda MZR-R
2017   Kyle Kaiser Juncos Racing Dallara IL-15 Mazda MZR-R
2018   Patricio O'Ward Andretti Autosport Dallara IL-15 Mazda MZR-R
2019   Oliver Askew Andretti Autosport Dallara IL-15 Mazda MZR-R

1 Chaves and   Jack Harvey (Schmidt Peterson Motorsports were tied in points and wins (4 each). Chaves won the title based on more second-place finishes (5 vs 1).

Indy Lights Graduates who have competed in the IndyCar Series or Champ CarEdit

a denotes driver who has won an IndyCar Series event.
b denotes driver who has won an IndyCar Series championship.
c denotes driver who has won an Indianapolis 500.
d denotes driver who has won a CART/Champ Car event.
e denotes driver who has won a CART/Champ Car World Series championship.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "To the fourth degree". IndyCar.com. 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2007-09-14.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Closest finish recognized as world record". IndyCar.com. 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2008-03-04.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Marot, Michael. Indianapolis Motor Speedway With Historic Final Lap, Huffington Post, 24 May 2013, Retrieved 2013-05-24
  4. ^ Andersen Promotions to take over Indy Lights, Racer, June 20, 2013, Retrieved 2013-10-22
  5. ^ Cooper Tires Named Official Tire Of New Indy Lights Series, Performance Racing Industry, August 22, 2013, Retrieved 2013-10-22
  6. ^ DiZinno, Tony. No surprise: Indy Lights confirms Dallara for new 2015 chassis, NBC Sports, October 31, 2013, Retrieved 2013-10-31
  7. ^ new logo image
  8. ^ Pruett, Marshall. Indy Lights series selects 2015 engine supplier, Racer, November 26, 2013, Retrieved 2013-11-26

External linksEdit