Ferrari 288 GTO
The Ferrari GTO (often referred to as Ferrari 288 GTO) is an exotic homologation of the Ferrari 308 GTB produced from 1984 through 1987, designated GT for Gran Turismo and O for Omologato (homologated in Italian).
|Also called||Ferrari 288 GTO|
|Designer||Leonardo Fioravanti at Pininfarina|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door berlinetta|
|Layout||Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive|
|Related||Ferrari 308 GTB/GTS|
|Engine||2.9 L F114 B 000 twin turbo V8|
|Wheelbase||2,450 mm (96.5 in)|
|Length||4,290 mm (168.9 in)|
|Width||1,910 mm (75.2 in)|
|Height||1,120 mm (44.1 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,160 kg (2,557.4 lb)|
|Predecessor||Ferrari 250 GTO|
The Ferrari GTO was built to compete in the new Group B Circuit Race series and a minimum of 200 cars were required for homologation. Due to lackluster participation caused by these regulations, Group B Circuit series never took off. As a result, the GTO never raced and all 272 cars built remained purely road cars.
Some of the GTO's styling features were first displayed on a 308 GTB design exercise by Pininfarina shown at the 1977 Geneva Salon. The 288 GTO started out as a modified version of the 308/328 to hold down costs and to build the car quickly, but little of the 308/328 was left when the 288 GTO was finished. Easily noticeable differences were the GTOs bulging fender flares, larger front/rear spoilers, large "flag-style" outside mirrors and four driving lights at the far sides of the grille. Retained from the original 250 GTO were slanted air vents, put in the GTO's rear fenders to cool the brakes, as well as the rear wing's design, borrowed from the 250 GTO's original wing. The GTO also had wider body panels than the 308's because they had to cover much larger Goodyear tires mounted on racing wheels. The suspension's height could be set higher for road use and lower for racing on tracks. Bodywork material was new and lighter for better acceleration and handing. The GTO's weight was only 2,555 pounds, compared to 3,085-3,350 for the 308/328. Steel was used just for the doors because major body panels were made from molded fiberglass. Kevlar was used for the hood, and the roof was made from Kevlar and carbon fiber.
The GTO was based on the mid-engine, rear wheel drive 308 GTB (which has a 3.0 litre V8 engine). The "288" refers to the GTO's 2.8 litre V8 engine as it used a de-bored (by 1 mm) V8 with twin IHI turbochargers, intercoolers, and Weber-Marelli fuel injection. The 2855 cc engine capacity was dictated by the FIA's requirement for a Turbocharged engine's capacity to be multiplied by 1.4. This gave the GTO a theoretical engine capacity of 3997 cc, just under the Group B limit of 4.0 litres.
Unlike the 308's 2926 cc engine, the GTO's 2855 cc engine was mounted longitudinally, using the 308's rear trunk space. This was necessary to make room for the twin turbochargers and intercoolers. The racing transmission was mounted to the rear of the longitudinal engine, moving the rear differential and wheels aft. The arrangement also let the GTO use a more conventional race-car engine/transmission layout for such things as quick gear ratio changes for various tracks. As a result, the wheelbase was 110 mm (4.3 in) longer at 2,450 mm (96 in). The track was also widened to accommodate wider wheels and tires (Goodyear NCT 225/55 VR16 tires mounted on 8 x 16 inch Speedline wheels at the front and 265/50 VR16 mounted on 10 x 16 inch wheels at the rear) to provide increased cornering and braking performance and the ability to apply 400 hp (298 kW) and 366 lb⋅ft (496 N⋅m) of torque to the ground. The GTO was an impressive performer, with 0-60 mph times around 5 seconds. Ferrari claimed 0-125 mph (201 km/h) in 15 seconds flat and a top speed of 189 mph (304 km/h), making it the first street-legal production car to reach 300 km/h (186 mph).
Test results by Road & Track:
- 0–30 mph (48 km/h): 2.3 s 
- 0–50 mph (80 km/h): 4.1 s 
- 0–60 mph (97 km/h): 5.0 s 
- 0–70 mph (113 km/h): 6.2 s 
- 0–80 mph (129 km/h): 7.7 s 
- 0–100 mph (161 km/h): 11.0 s 
- 0–120 mph (193 km/h): 16.0 s 
- Standing 1⁄4 mile (402m): 14.1 s @ 113 mph (182 km/h) 
- Top Speed: 179 mph (288 km/h)
Ferrari also built five 288 GTO Evoluzione models with more aggressive and aerodynamic body styling and increased power. The engine in the 288 GTO Evoluzione originally put out as much as 650 hp (480 kW). With weight of 940 kg (2,072 lb) the car had a top speed of 225 mph (362 km/h). These cars form the clearest visual link between the 288 GTO and the F40 soon to follow.
All five are still in existence with one owned by the Factory on display in the engine manufacturing facility in Maranello.
Notable Formula 1 GTO ownersEdit
Several Formula 1 drivers were offered GTOs by Enzo Ferrari. These include Michele Alboreto (56195), Keke Rosberg (56653) and Niki Lauda (58329) who was gifted the last of the 272 units built by Enzo Ferrari himself.
Ferrari 288 GTO pictured in London
- Monticello, Mike (August 2010). "2011 Ferrari 599 GTO". Road & Track. 61 (12): 86.
- "GTO". Ferrari official site - Past models. Ferrari S.p.A. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- "Road & Track August 1984".
- Road & Track July 1987 . Excerpt: Egan, Peter (2016-05-29). "In 1987, The World's Fastest Cars Couldn't Catch A 211-mph Twin-Turbo Ruf". Road & Track. US. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
- "Ferrari 288 GTO Part 2: 288 GTO Evoluzione". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- McAleer, Brendan. "Niki Lauda, Enzo Ferrari, and the Last 288 GTO". Retrieved 29 December 2016.