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The Ferrari 275 is a series of two-seat front-engined V12-powered automobiles produced in GT, roadster, and spider form by Ferrari between 1964 and 1968. The first Ferrari to be equipped with a transaxle, the 275 is powered by a 3.3 L (3286 cc) Colombo 60° V12 engine that produces 280-300 hp.

Ferrari 275
GTB, GTS, GTB/4, NART Spider
1967 Ferrari 275 GTB rosso.jpg
1967 Ferrari 275 GTB
Manufacturer Ferrari
Production 1964 — 1968
970 produced
Designer Pininfarina
Body and chassis
Class Grand tourer
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout
Predecessor Ferrari 250
Successor Ferrari 365 GTB/4

Pininfarina designed the GT and roadster bodies, and Scaglietti the rare NART Spyder, among the most valuable of all Ferraris made. In a contemporary road test, Road & Track described it as "the most satisfying sports car in the world."[1]

Motor Trend Classic named the 275 GTB gran turismo/GTS roadster as number three in their list of the ten "Greatest Ferraris of all time".[2]

The 275 GTB/4 debuted in 1966. A much updated 275 GTB, the four overhead camshaft, six 2-barrel carbureted 275 GTB/4 was named number seven on Sports Car International's 2004 list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s.



275 GTBEdit

275 GTB, 275 GTB/C
Production 1964 — 1966
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
Engine 3.3 L V12

The 275 GTB was a two-seat gran turismo automobile produced between 1964 and 1968 with a 3.3 litre Colombo 60-degree V-12 engine displacing 275 cc per cylinder[3][4] and producing 280-300 horsepower.

The standard 275 GTB coupe was produced by Scaglietti and was available with 3 or 6 Weber twin-choke carburettors. It was more of a pure sports car than the GT name suggested. 80 cars were built with an aluminium body instead of the standard steel body. A Series Two version with a longer nose appeared in 1965.

275 GTB/CEdit

For the 1965 racing season, 4 lightweight 275 GTB Competizione Speciales (1964), a prototype and three production models, were built and equipped with 250 LM engines. The design was by Pininfarina and the coachwork by Scaglietti. The design incorporated reduced weight with a ten percent reduction in size, smaller diameter chassis, 21 gauge alloy body, Plexiglas windows, and magnesium was used in certain engine and transaxle castings. The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) at first refused to homologate the model as a GT contender but settled on a compromise when Enzo Ferrari threatened to abandon the motor sport[5]

For the 1966 season, Ferrari decided to build 12 lightweight 275 GTB/C cars, they were constructed between the end of the 275 two-cam production run and the start of the 275 four-cam production run; even though they very much resembled the road-going 275 GTB, not one body panel was the same and underneath very little of the road car remained.

Mauro Forghieri designed a special super-lightweight steel and aluminium version of the 275 GTB chassis. A regular suspension was fitted, but it was made slightly stiffer by the addition of extra springs. Scaglietti bodied the chassis with an ultra thin aluminum body; the panels were about half as thick as the ones used on the GTO and the Cobra - even leaning on the 275 GTB/C would dent the body; the entire rear section was reinforced by fiberglass to prevent it from flexing at the slightest impact. In all, this focus on saving weight made a difference of over 150 kg (331 lb) compared to the alloy bodied road cars.

Like the four 'Competizione Speciales', the 275 GTB/C was powered by the 250 LM engine. Somehow Ferrari 'forgot' to mention to the governing body that the 275 GTB had a six carburetor option, so only a three 'carb' engine could be homologated. Specifically for the 275 GTB/C, Weber constructed the 40 DF13 carburetor of which three would replace the six 38 DCNs found on the 250 LM. The rest of the drivetrain was similar to the 275 GTB, but strengthened slightly.

Two of the twelve built were sold for street use. Unlike the race cars, these street cars were fitted with alloy wheels shod with Pirelli tires. Competition cars were fitted with special Borrani wire wheels, shod with Dunlop's latest racing tires. It was this combination that would prove to be the weak spot of the 275 GTB/C; the tires had so much grip that they could overstress and break the spokes on the wheels. After the 275 GTB/C, no competition Ferrari would be fitted with wire wheels again.

A British-entered 275 GTB/C finished 8th overall, gaining class victory in the 1966 24 Hours of Le Mans.

275 GTSEdit

275 GTS
Ferrari 275 GTS
Production 1964 — 1966
200 produced
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door spider
Engine 3.3 L V12
Successor Ferrari 330 GTS

Pininfarina built 200 275 GTS roadsters for the American market between 1964-1966 with entirely different bodywork (including 14 in right hand drive). The 275 GTS was replaced by the 330 GTS, leaving no 3.3 L convertible in the range until the creation of the 275 GTB/4 NART Spider.[6]


Ferrari 275 (1967)

275 GTB/4Edit

275 GTB/4
Production 1966 — 1968
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
Engine 3.3 L 4-cam V12

Introduced at the Paris Motor Show in October 1966,[3] the Scaglietti-built 275 GTB/4 (or 4-cam) was a much updated car. With new bodywork, it was the first Ferrari to not be offered with wire wheels.

Power came from a substantially reworked 300 hp (220 kW) 3285.72 cc Colombo V12, still with two valves per cylinder but now with a four-cam engine and six carburettors as standard. In a departure from previous Ferrari designs, the valve angle was reduced three degrees to 54° for a more-compact head. The dual camshafts also allowed the valves to be aligned perpendicular to the camshaft instead of offset as in SOHC engines. It was a dry-sump design with a large 17 qt (16 L) capacity.

The transaxle was also redesigned. A torque tube connected the engine and transmission, rather than allowing them to float free on the body as before. This improved handling, noise, and vibration. Porsche synchronizers were also fitted for improved shifting and reliability.

The 275 GTB/4 could hit 268 km/h (166.5 mph).[4] A total of 280 were produced through 1968.[citation needed]

In 2004, Sports Car International named the 275 GTB/4 number seven on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s.

275 GTB/4 NARTEdit

Ferrari 275 GTB/4 NART Spyder
275 GTB/4 NART
Production 1966 — 1968
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door spider
Engine 3.3 L 4-cam V12

A 275 GTB/4 N.A.R.T. Spyder version was only available from a single American dealer, Luigi Chinetti. He asked Sergio Scaglietti and Enzo Ferrari to build a few Spyder, a convertible with no roof, versions of the 275 GTB/4, which he bought for approximately $8,000 each; N.A.R.T. stood for Chinetti's North American Racing Team. It was to be a custom run of 25 cars straight from Scaglietti, but because of low sales, just 10 were built in 1967 and 1968, making this one of the most valuable Ferraris.[7] The ten NART Spiders used chassis numbers 09437, 09751, 10139, 10219, 10249, 10453, 10691, 10709, 10749, and 11057.[8]

In August 2013, a 1967 275GTB/4 (chassis #10709), owned by the late Eddie Smith of Lexington, North Carolina, sold for US$25 million at auction in California.[9] This was a one owner car that, while was not driven daily, was driven on a regular basis. It had remained in the Smith Family for 45 years.[9]

The NART driven by Faye Dunaway in the 1968 film The Thomas Crown Affair, was serial number 09437, the first produced. It came second in its class in the 1967 12 Hours of Sebring before being repainted and used for the movie. In August 2005, it fetched $3.96 million at auction.[10][11]


General references
  • Buckley, Martin; Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7. 
  • James T Crow, ed. (1968). "Ferrari 275 GTS/4 NART". Road & Track Road Test Annual. pp. 46–49. 
Specific citations
  1. ^ Goodfellow, Winston (2 December 2006). "Drive: 1967 Ferrari 275 GTB/4 NART Spyder – Scene Stealer". Motor Trend. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Goodfellow, Winston (21 November 2005). "A Perfect 10: The Greatest Ferraris Of All Time". Motor Trend. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Design Analysed: Ferrari 275 GTB4". Autocar. 126. Vol. (nbr 3703). 2 February 1967. pp. 4–8=7. 
  4. ^ a b "Ferrari 275 GTB4". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Owen, Richard Michael. "Ferrari 275 GTB/C Speciale". Retrieved 12 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "1964→1966 Ferrari 275 GTS". Retrieved 12 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Ferrari 275 GTB/4". HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Barchetta Register". September 2017. 
  9. ^ a b, Metro News Reporter for (2013-08-18). "One careful owner, this Ferrari is yours for just £17.6m". Metro. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  10. ^ "1967 Ferrari 275 GTB/4*S N.A.R.T. Spider by Scaglietti | Monterey 2013". RM Auctions. August 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  11. ^ Owen, Richard (August 2013). "Ferrari 275 GTS/4 'NART Spyder'". Retrieved 26 May 2014.