This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Campagnolo is an Italian manufacturer of bicycle components with headquarters in Vicenza, Italy. The components are organised as groupsets (gruppi), and are a near-complete collection of a bicycle's mechanical parts. Campagnolo's flagship components are the Super Record, Record, and Chorus group sets with Record and Super Record representing their recent shift to 12-speed drivetrains. Super Record and Record are the top groupsets, followed by Chorus, Potenza, Centaur and Veloce. Campagnolo also produces aluminum and carbon wheels, as well as other components (like carbon fiber seat posts, and bottle-cages).
|Privately held company|
|Tullio Campagnolo (Founder - 1901-1983)|
Valentino Campagnolo (Tullio's son)
|Products||Bicycle related components|
Number of employees
Founded by Tullio Campagnolo, the company began in 1933 in a Vicenza workshop. The founder was a racing cyclist in Italy in the 1920s who conceived several ideas while racing, such as the quick release mechanism for bicycle wheels, derailleurs, and the rod gear for gear changing. Campagnolo has been awarded more than 135 patents for innovations in cycling technology.
At the end of the 1950s, Campagnolo started to manufacture magnesium parts such as wheels for sports cars like Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, Lamborghini, and Maserati, and built chassis for NASA satellites in 1969. In 1963, Campagnolo produced a disc brake for the Innocenti Lambretta TV motorscooter - the first two-wheel production vehicle with such a brake. In the 1970s they also supplied wheels for Ferrari's Formula One cars.
Following Campagnolo's success during the 1970s and '80s, innovation lagged as rival Shimano developed indexed shifting and combined shifter/brake levers (Shimano Total Integration). An unsuccessful foray into mountain biking, the overbuilt and heavy Euclid, Centaur and Olympus groupsets contributed to the company's decline during those years. By the time the expensive Record O.R. (off-road) and Icarus MTB groupsets made it to the market, Campagnolo's reputation was firmly cemented as a road bike brand. As a result, Campagnolo pulled out of the Mountain Bike market in 1994. Despite its struggles, Campagnolo introduced its ErgoPower combined shifter/brake levers and renewed its focus on high-end road cycling components.
The late 1990s and early 2000s saw Campagnolo's increased use of carbon fibre and titanium parts in groupsets and the development of wheelsets. In 2004, Campagnolo introduced a complete Compact drivetrain with smaller chainrings, to give lower gears than traditional drivetrains. Other innovations included a Hirth-joint engineered Ultra-Torque external-bearing crankset and G3 spoke lacing for racing wheels. In 2008, Campagnolo introduced 11-speed drivetrains with Super Record, Record, and Chorus groupsets. Campagnolo has released an electronic version of its drivetrain. In April 2018 the company launched 12-speed Record and Super Record groupsets.
Campagnolo has focused on road cycling and track cycling. It has sponsored teams in the UCI ProTour such as Astana, Movistar, Lotto-Soudal, Cofidis, Quick Step-Innergetic (Tom Boonen, Paolo Bettini), and Lampre. Campagnolo is associated with the victories of Eddy Merckx, who used Campagnolo exclusively and was a friend of Tullio Campagnolo.
Timeline (Bicycle Parts)Edit
1901 Tullio Campagnolo born on 26 August in the eastern suburbs of Vicenza, Italy
1922 Tullio Campagnolo begins his racing career
1930 Campagnolo patents the quick-release hub
1933 After fabricating parts in the backroom of his father's hardware store, Tullio starts Campagnolo SPA with production of the quick-release hub
1940 Tullio hires his first full-time employee. The derailleur enters production, enabling gears to change without removing the wheel. The pieces are handmade
1949 Campagnolo introduces a parallelogram rear derailleur, the Gran Sport
1956 Campagnolo introduces a parallelogram front derailleur
1963 The Record rear derailleur (chromed bronze) is introduced
1973 The Super Record Road and Track groups are introduced.
1983 Tullio Campagnolo dies on 3 February. Anniversary groupset to mark 50 years of Campagnolo bicycle parts.
1985 Campagnolo creates Delta brakes, with a parallelogram linkage to actuate the calipers.
1986 The re-designed Record road and track groupsets (also known as C-Record) are introduced, replacing Super Record as the top of range
1987 The last year of Super Record until 2008
1991 8-speed shifting components are introduced
1993 Delta brakes are discontinued
1994 Campagnolo leaves the mountain bike components business
1995 Group names on components are introduced
1997 9-speed shifting components are introduced
1998 Next generation Ergo Levers
1999 Record Carbon Ergo levers, Daytona group, and for the Record, Chorus and Daytona groups new hubs (much lighter than the old ones, axles made of aluminum alloy) are introduced
2000 10-speed shifting is introduced
2001 Carbon-fiber shifting levers for Record group
2002 Former Daytona group is renamed "Centaur"
2004 Carbon-fiber cranks for Record and Chorus groups
2005 10-speed Centaur and Chorus shift and brake levers are introduced for flat bar road bikes
2006 Hollow external bearing crankset is announced
2007 10-speed Mirage and Xenon component groups and new Ultra-Torque components are introduced. Record hubs are now black, 20 g lighter and don't have greaseports any more
2008 11-speed Record, Super Record, and Chorus groups are introduced
2009 Re-introduction of 11-speed Athena component group below Chorus in product line
2013 80th anniversary groupset made.
2014 Super Record RS groupset introduced following input from professional team riders.
The ErgoBrain cyclocomputer compatible with the Ergo shifters displays cadence, gear, and the normal functions of a cyclocomputer.
2015 Athena EPS discontinued and Chorus EPS introduced.
Chorus, Record and Super Record groupsets are overhauled with a 4 arm, 8 bolt chainset introduced.
Bora 50 and 35 wheels become available in Clincher and adopt a wider rim profile.
2015 Potenza group is introduced.
2017 Centaur group reintroduced as the Campagnolo's least expensive 11-speed group.
2018 12-speed Super Record and Record groups are introduced.
Bora WTO (Wind Tunnel Optimized) wheelsets are introduced.
2019 12-speed Super Record EPS and Record EPS groups are introduced.
Campagnolo has used various trademarks, the best known the Campagnolo signature; another is a hub quick-release lever (Tullio's most famous innovation). The logo of the company is the winged wheel.
For many years[weasel words] Campagnolo provided professional race mechanics with spare parts and neutral technical assistance at races. Campagnolo relies on riders and mechanics to improve products.
Tour de France winnersEdit
- "Industry Insider: Valentino Campagnolo interview". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "History!!". Campyonly.com. 1927-11-11. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- "Campy Timeline". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Official Website Campagnolo - Bike Wheels and Groupsets". Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Campy timeline". campyonly.com. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- "What's Cool In Pro Cycling". PezCycling News. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- https://www.bikeradar.com/au/road/news/article/campagnolo-12-speed-record-and-super-record-groups-complete-information-prices-weights-and-availability-52062/. Missing or empty