Fencing at the 1936 Summer Olympics – Men's foil

The men's foil was one of seven fencing events on the fencing at the 1936 Summer Olympics programme. It was the ninth appearance of the event. The competition was held from August 5, 1936 to August 6, 1936. 62 fencers from 22 nations competed. Nations were limited to three fencers.[1][2] The event was won by Giulio Gaudini of Italy, the nation's second consecutive and fourth overall victory in the men's foil (matching France for most all-time). Gaudini, who had won bronze medals in 1928 and 1932, was the first man to win three medals in the event. His countryman Giorgio Bocchino took bronze. Edward Gardère put France back on the podium after a one-Games absence.

Men's foil
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
Giulio Gaudini 1928.jpg
Giulio Gaudini (1928)
VenueImperial Sports Field, Berlin
DatesAugust 5–6
Competitors62 from 22 nations
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Giulio Gaudini  Italy
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Edward Gardère  France
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Giorgio Bocchino  Italy
← 1932
1948 →

BackgroundEdit

This was the ninth appearance of the event, which has been held at every Summer Olympics except 1908 (when there was a foil display only rather than a medal event). Seven of the ten 1932 finalists returned: silver medalist (and 1928 finalist) Joe Levis of the United States, two-time bronze medalist Giulio Gaudini and fourth-place finisher Gioacchino Guaragna of Italy, fifth-place finisher Erwin Casmir of Germany, sixth-place finisher Emrys Lloyd of Great Britain, and seventh-place finisher Roberto Larraz and tenth-place finisher Ángel Gorordo of Argentina. Gaudini, the 2.00 metres tall Italian, was one of the best fencers of the 1920s and 1930s and was one of the favorites in Berlin. His main competition were his fellow Italians and the French team, particularly European champion André Gardère and his brother Edward Gardère.[3]

Brazil and Bulgaria each made their debut in the men's foil. The United States made its eighth appearance, most of any nation, having missed only the inaugural 1896 competition.

Competition formatEdit

The event used a five-round format. In each round, the fencers were divided into pools to play a round-robin within the pool. Bouts were to five touches. Not all bouts were played in some pools if not necessary to determine advancement. Two points were awarded for each bout won. Ties were broken through fence-off bouts in early rounds if necessary for determining advancement, but by touches received in final rounds (and for non-advancement-necessary placement in earlier rounds). Standard foil rules were used, including that touches had to be made with the tip of the foil, the target area was limited to the torso, and priority determined the winner of double touches.[3][4]

  • Round 1: There were 9 pools of 6–8 fencers each. The top 4 fencers in each pool advanced to round 2.
  • Round 2: There were 6 pools of 6 fencers each. The top 4 fencers in each pool advanced to the quarterfinals.
  • Quarterfinals: There were 4 pools of 6 fencers each. The top 4 fencers in each quarterfinal advanced to the semifinals.
  • Semifinals: There were 2 pools of 8 fencers each. The top 4 fencers in each semifinal advanced to the final.
  • Final: The final pool had 8 fencers.

ScheduleEdit

Date Time Round
Wednesday, 5 August 1936 9:00
17:50
21:00
Round 1
Round 2
Quarterfinals
Thursday, 6 August 1936 9:00
15:00
Semifinals
Final

ResultsEdit

Round 1Edit

The top 4 finishers in each pool advanced to round 2.[5]

Pool 1Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Giulio Gaudini   Italy 10 5 1 29 12 Q
2 Bengt Ljungquist   Sweden 8 4 2 26 14 Q
3 Paul Valcke   Belgium 8 4 2 26 20 Q
4 Bohuslav Kirchmann   Czechoslovakia 8 4 2 24 22 Q
5 Ángel Gorordo   Argentina 6 3 3 20 18
6 César Barros   Chile 2 1 5 7 29
7 Spyridon Ferentinos   Greece 0 0 6 13 30

Pool 2Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 André Gardère   France 10 5 0 25 8 Q
2 Roberto Larraz   Argentina 8 4 1 24 13 Q
3 Konstantinos Bembis   Greece 6 3 2 20 15 Q
4 Gottfried von Meiss   Switzerland 4 2 3 17 19 Q
5 Ricardo Vagnotti   Brazil 2 1 4 10 22
6 Mirko Koršič   Yugoslavia 0 0 5 7 25

Pool 3Edit

Pecora defeated Pearce in a play-off for the fourth qualification spot.[5]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Erwin Casmir   Germany 12 6 0 30 10 Q
2 Lajos Maszlay   Hungary 10 5 1 27 16 Q
3 Aage Leidersdorff   Denmark 10 5 2 30 26 Q
4 Bill Pecora   United States 8 4 3 25 24 Q
5 Denis Pearce   Great Britain 8 4 3 26 25
6 Hervarth Frass von Friedenfeldt   Czechoslovakia 4 2 5 21 28
7 Mauris Shamil   Egypt 2 1 6 21 32
8 Hubert de Bèsche   Sweden 0 0 7 16 35

Pool 4Edit

The three-way tie for third was determined by play-off, with Goyoaga coming last against Tingdahl and Jesenský resulting in the latter two fencers advancing.[5]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Emrys Lloyd   Great Britain 10 5 0 25 7 Q
2 Josef Losert   Austria 8 4 1 22 15 Q
3 Ivar Tingdahl   Sweden 4 2 3 18 19 Q
4 Jiří Jesenský   Czechoslovakia 4 2 3 16 22 Q
5 Tomás Goyoaga   Chile 4 2 3 17 18
6 Marjan Pengov   Yugoslavia 0 0 5 8 25

Pool 5Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 József Hátszeghy   Hungary 10 5 0 25 10 Q
2 René Lemoine   France 8 4 1 23 14 Q
3 August Heim   Germany 6 3 1 19 8 Q
4 Johan Falkenberg   Norway 6 3 1 18 10 Q
5 Svend Jacobsen   Denmark 2 1 4 11 21
6 Jean Rubli   Switzerland 0 0 4 8 20
7 Hermogenes Valdebenito   Chile 0 0 5 4 25

Pool 6Edit

The three-way tie for third was determined by play-off, with Valenzuela coming last against Bay and Frølich resulting in the latter two fencers advancing.[6]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Joe Levis   United States 12 6 0 30 13 Q
2 Mahmoud Ahmed Abdin   Egypt 10 5 1 26 20 Q
3 Béla Bay   Hungary 6 3 3 25 20 Q
4 Jens Frølich   Norway 6 3 3 26 23 Q
5 Rodolfo Valenzuela   Argentina 6 3 3 23 22
6 Lodovico Alessandri   Brazil 2 1 5 18 29
7 Ernest Dalton   Canada 0 0 6 9 30

Pool 7Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Georges de Bourguignon   Belgium 10 5 0 25 15 Q
2 Giorgio Bocchino   Italy 8 4 0 20 9 Q
3 Michel Fauconnet   Switzerland 6 3 1 19 10 Q
4 Josef Ritz   Austria 6 3 3 21 24 Q
5 Caspar Schrøder   Denmark 4 2 4 19 26
6 Moacyr Dunham   Brazil 0 0 4 10 20
7 Nils Jørgensen   Norway 0 0 5 15 25

Pool 8Edit

Alessandroni defeated Bartlett in a tie-breaker play-off.[6]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Edward Gardère   France 10 5 1 28 14 Q
2 Julius Eisenecker   Germany 8 4 2 28 17 Q
3 Karl Sudrich   Austria 8 4 1 22 16 Q
4 Hugh Alessandroni   United States 6 3 3 23 25 Q
5 David Bartlett   Great Britain 6 3 3 22 23
6 Dimitar Vasilev   Bulgaria 2 1 5 6 26
7 Don Collinge   Canada 0 0 5 12 25

Pool 9Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Gioacchino Guaragna   Italy 10 5 0 25 7 Q
2 Nikolaos Manolesos   Greece 8 4 1 21 17 Q
3 Raymond Bru   Belgium 6 3 2 21 16 Q
4 Edo Marion   Yugoslavia 6 3 2 18 19 Q
5 Charles Otis   Canada 2 1 4 13 24
Paul Kunze   Netherlands 2 1 4 9 24
7 Anwar Tawfik   Egypt 2 1 5 20 28

Round 2Edit

The top 4 finishers in each pool advanced to round 3.[7]

Pool 1Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Joe Levis   United States 8 4 1 24 16 Q
2 Paul Valcke   Belgium 8 4 1 24 18 Q
3 Julius Eisenecker   Germany 4 2 3 19 19 Q
4 Giorgio Bocchino   Italy 4 2 3 16 22 Q
5 Michel Fauconnet   Switzerland 4 2 3 17 20
6 Karl Sudrich   Austria 2 1 4 17 22

Pool 2Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Giulio Gaudini   Italy 6 3 1 19 9 Q
2 József Hátszeghy   Hungary 6 3 1 16 12 Q
3 Josef Losert   Austria 6 3 1 17 17 Q
4 Johan Falkenberg   Norway 4 2 1 12 10 Q
5 Ivar Tingdahl   Sweden 2 1 4 15 24
6 Gottfried von Meiss   Switzerland 0 0 4 13 20

Pool 3Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Edward Gardère   France 8 4 0 20 8 Q
2 Lajos Maszlay   Hungary 6 3 1 18 11 Q
3 Georges de Bourguignon   Belgium 6 3 1 19 13 Q
4 Jiří Jesenský   Czechoslovakia 4 2 3 15 21 Q
5 August Heim   Germany 2 1 4 17 23
6 Josef Ritz   Austria 0 0 4 7 20

Pool 4Edit

It is unclear why Marion did not face at least one of Bembis and Lloyd; two additional wins would have placed Marion even with Leidersdorff and Abdin in points (though they each had additional bouts that could have earned them more, if necessary).[7]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Emrys Lloyd   Great Britain 6 3 0 15 6 Q
2 Roberto Larraz   Argentina 6 3 1 18 11 Q
3 Aage Leidersdorff   Denmark 4 2 1 11 9 Q
4 Mahmoud Ahmed Abdin   Egypt 4 2 1 11 10 Q
5 Edo Marion   Yugoslavia 0 0 3 4 15
6 Konstantinos Bembis   Greece 0 0 4 10 20

Pool 5Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 André Gardère   France 8 4 1 24 13 Q
2 Raymond Bru   Belgium 6 3 1 18 12 Q
3 Gioacchino Guaragna   Italy 6 3 1 17 12 Q
4 Jens Frølich   Norway 4 2 3 16 23 Q
5 Hugh Alessandroni   United States 2 1 4 17 22
Nikolaos Manolesos   Greece 2 1 4 12 22

Pool 6Edit

Ljungquist defeated Pecora in a tie-breaker play-off.[7]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Erwin Casmir   Germany 10 5 0 25 14 Q
2 Béla Bay   Hungary 6 3 2 18 13 Q
3 René Lemoine   France 8 3 2 20 21 Q
4 Bengt Ljungquist   Sweden 4 2 3 18 19 Q
5 Bill Pecora   United States 4 2 3 16 20
6 Bohuslav Kirchmann   Czechoslovakia 0 0 5 15 25

QuarterfinalsEdit

The top 4 finishers in each pool advanced to the semifinals.[8]

Quarterfinal 1Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Giulio Gaudini   Italy 8 4 0 20 5 Q
2 André Gardère   France 6 3 1 17 12 Q
2 Julius Eisenecker   Germany 6 3 1 15 12 Q
4 Béla Bay   Hungary 4 2 2 13 17 Q
5 Johan Falkenberg   Norway 0 0 4 6 20
Roberto Larraz   Argentina 0 0 4 15 20

Quarterfinal 2Edit

The three-way tie for third was determined by play-off, with Maszlay coming last against Bru and Losert resulting in the latter two fencers advancing.[8]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Joe Levis   United States 10 5 0 25 16 Q
2 Edward Gardère   France 6 3 1 18 9 Q
3 Raymond Bru   Belgium 4 2 3 21 22 Q
4 Josef Losert   Austria 4 2 3 17 18 Q
5 Lajos Maszlay   Hungary 4 2 3 17 20
6 Bengt Ljungquist   Sweden 0 0 4 7 20

Quarterfinal 3Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Erwin Casmir   Germany 8 4 1 23 13 Q
2 Gioacchino Guaragna   Italy 6 3 1 18 10 Q
3 József Hátszeghy   Hungary 6 3 2 20 19 Q
4 Georges de Bourguignon   Belgium 4 2 2 18 15 Q
5 Jens Frølich   Norway 2 1 4 15 24
Jiří Jesenský   Czechoslovakia 2 1 4 11 24

Quarterfinal 4Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Giorgio Bocchino   Italy 6 3 1 17 11 Q
2 René Lemoine   France 6 3 1 17 12 Q
3 Paul Valcke   Belgium 6 3 1 16 13 Q
4 Emrys Lloyd   Great Britain 6 3 2 19 14 Q
5 Mahmoud Ahmed Abdin   Egypt 2 1 4 17 22
6 Aage Leidersdorff   Denmark 0 0 4 6 20

SemifinalsEdit

The top 4 finishers in each pool advanced to the final.[9]

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Giulio Gaudini   Italy 12 6 1 34 20 Q
2 Giorgio Bocchino   Italy 10 5 1 28 18 Q
3 André Gardère   France 8 4 2 26 19 Q
4 Raymond Bru   Belgium 8 4 3 25 26 Q
5 Emrys Lloyd   Great Britain 6 3 4 28 24
6 Paul Valcke   Belgium 4 2 5 19 28
7 József Hátszeghy   Hungary 4 2 5 20 31
8 Julius Eisenecker   Germany 2 1 6 20 34

Semifinal 2Edit

The three-way tie for third was determined by play-off, with Maszlay coming last against Bru and Losert resulting in the latter two fencers advancing.[8]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR Notes
1 Gioacchino Guaragna   Italy 12 6 0 30 12 Q
2 Erwin Casmir   Germany 10 5 1 28 18 Q
3 Edward Gardère   France 10 5 1 29 21 Q
4 Georges de Bourguignon   Belgium 8 4 3 28 29 Q
5 Béla Bay   Hungary 6 3 4 27 28
6 René Lemoine   France 4 2 5 19 32
7 Joe Levis   United States 2 1 5 19 25
8 Josef Losert   Austria 0 0 6 15 30

FinalEdit

In the final pool, ties—including the tie for the bronze medal—were broken by touches received rather than by play-offs as in previous rounds.[9]

Rank Fencer Nation Points Wins Losses TS TR
  Giulio Gaudini   Italy 14 7 0 35 20
  Edward Gardère   France 12 6 1 33 25
  Giorgio Bocchino   Italy 8 4 3 28 22
4 Erwin Casmir   Germany 8 4 3 31 29
5 Gioacchino Guaragna   Italy 6 3 4 30 28
6 Raymond Bru   Belgium 6 3 4 25 31
7 André Gardère   France 2 1 6 23 32
8 Georges de Bourguignon   Belgium 0 0 7 17 35

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fencing: 1936 Olympic Results - Men's foil". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
  2. ^ Official Olympic Report, la84.org. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Foil, Individual, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  4. ^ Official Report, p. 756.
  5. ^ a b c Official Report, p. 760.
  6. ^ a b Official Report, p. 761.
  7. ^ a b c Official Report, p. 762.
  8. ^ a b c Official Report, p. 763.
  9. ^ a b Official Report, p. 764.