The following events occurred in February 1935:
February 1, 1935 (Friday)Edit
February 2, 1935 (Saturday)Edit
February 3, 1935 (Sunday)Edit
- Britain and France announced a proposal to legalize German armaments as well as an air agreement to come to the other's aid if either country was "the victim of unprovoked aerial aggression."
February 4, 1935 (Monday)Edit
February 5, 1935 (Tuesday)Edit
February 6, 1935 (Wednesday)Edit
- On the first anniversary of "Bloody Tuesday", Violent clashes took place in Paris between police and various demonstrators around the Place de la Concorde, the Sorbonne and the Boulevard Saint-Michel. Prime Minister Pierre-Étienne Flandin was jeered as he attended a memorial at Notre Dame for the 19 victims of last year's violence. 1,261 communists were arrested by police.
- Parker Brothers began selling the board game Monopoly.
- 14 people were killed in avalanches in Switzerland, Germany and Austria.
- A Cincinnati bookmaker was found guilty of last August's kidnapping of John Sackville Labatt and sentenced to 15 years imprisonment in Kingston Penitentiary.
February 7, 1935 (Thursday)Edit
February 8, 1935 (Friday)Edit
February 9, 1935 (Saturday)Edit
February 10, 1935 (Sunday)Edit
- John Fisher and Thomas More were recognized as martyrs by Pope Pius XI, a precursor to their canonization.
- During religious services in Munich, Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber protested the Nazis' recent action of confiscating letters from church dignitaries to Catholic parents. The letters were written in regard to the pressure from the government to withdraw children from Catholic schools and send them to Nazi-controlled public schools instead. "It is useless for the government to violate the freedom of the church and intercept its mail", Faulhaber said. "The Apostle Paul was placed in chains, but his letters went around the world. Whoever passes laws and ordinances against the Catholic Church is liable to excommunication."
- Gracie Fields signed a record £150,000 contract to make three films.
February 11, 1935 (Monday)Edit
February 12, 1935 (Tuesday)Edit
- The airship USS Macon crashed and sank in a storm off Point Sur, California. Although 2 crew were lost, this was a much lighter loss of life than the Akron and Shenandoah air disasters.
- Died: Auguste Escoffier, 88, French chef and culinary writer; Lyon Gardiner Tyler, 81, American educator and historian
February 13, 1935 (Wednesday)Edit
February 14, 1935 (Thursday)Edit
- France ordered troops to French Somaliland to guard against any border incidents during the Abyssinia Crisis.
- Germany sent its reply to the Anglo-French proposal regarding German armaments. In the note Germany welcomed the prospect of talks but said little else specific.
- Born: Rob McConnell, jazz musician, in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 2010)
February 15, 1935 (Friday)Edit
- A House committee on un-American activities led by John William McCormack recommended that legislation be enacted to protect the United States from foreign propaganda. Proposed measures included requiring all publicity agents of foreign organizations to register with the Secretary of State and that treaties be negotiated with other nations to facilitate the deportation of undesirable aliens.
February 16, 1935 (Saturday)Edit
- German baroness Benita von Falkenhayn was sentenced to execution by beheading for helping her lover Jerzy Sosnowski spy for Poland.
- The first Italian troops departed for Africa as Mussolini told Italy to "be ready for any eventuality."
- The film The Woman in Red starring Barbara Stanwyck was released.
- Born: Sonny Bono, singer, actor and politician, in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1998)
February 17, 1935 (Sunday)Edit
February 18, 1935 (Monday)Edit
- The U.S. Supreme Court decided the Gold Clause Cases. By a 5–4 vote, the Roosevelt Administration's policy on the ownership of gold was upheld. The New York Stock Exchange surged in response to the news.
- Canadian Parliament approved the introduction of unemployment insurance.
- The George Bernard Shaw play The Simpleton of the Unexpected Isles premiered at the Guild Theatre in New York.
- Born: Ciarán Bourke, folk musician, in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1988)
- Died: Benita von Falkenhayn, 34, German baroness (executed); Renate von Natzmer, 36 or 37, German noblewoman (executed)
February 19, 1935 (Tuesday)Edit
February 20, 1935 (Wednesday)Edit
February 21, 1935 (Thursday)Edit
February 22, 1935 (Friday)Edit
February 23, 1935 (Saturday)Edit
February 24, 1935 (Sunday)Edit
- Swiss voters approved a referendum on a federal law reorganizing the military.
- Adolf Hitler marked the 15th anniversary of the founding of the Nazi Party with a speech in Munich, serving notice to the world that Germany would not sign any document that would surrender the country's honor and equality among nations. "Conversely, the world can also rest assured that, when we do sign something, we adhere to it", Hitler stated. "Whatever we believe we cannot adhere to, on principles of honor or ability, we never sign. Whatever we have once signed we will blindly and faithfully fulfill!"
- The Heinkel He 111 had its first flight.
February 25, 1935 (Monday)Edit
- German Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick decreed that April 20, Hitler's birthday, would henceforth be an important national holiday. As the Kaiser's birthday was in the days of imperial Germany, it would be a day on which titles, promotions and other special honors were to be bestowed.
- Jack Hobbs announced his retirement from cricket.
- Died: Gerhard Louis De Geer, 80, 17th Prime Minister of Sweden
February 26, 1935 (Tuesday)Edit
- The Luftwaffe was secretly established in Nazi Germany in violation of the Treaty of Versailles.
- Babe Ruth was released by the New York Yankees. He immediately signed a three-year contract with the Boston Braves to serve as their vice president and assistant manager.
- The Australian government announced that Egon Kisch had agreed to leave Australia in exchange for the three-month prison sentence imposed on him being remitted.
February 27, 1935 (Wednesday)Edit
- The 7th Academy Awards were held. It Happened One Night swept the top five award categories. Shirley Temple was given the first-ever Juvenile Award, a miniature-size Oscar.
- A judge in Delaware ruled that section 7-A of the NRA, the section covering collective bargaining, was unconstitutional. The judge threw out a government lawsuit against Weirton Steel and the Roosevelt Administration suffered a significant blow.
- Born: Mirella Freni, opera soprano, in Modena, Italy
February 28, 1935 (Thursday)Edit
- "Chronology 1935". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "History". Hagia Sophia Museum. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. pp. 448–449. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
- "Supreme Court Ousts Governor of North Dakota". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 3, 1935. p. 3.
- "Britain, France Set Up Military Air Alliance". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 4, 1935. p. 5.
- "3 Nations to Lift Ban on Arms for Bolivia". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 5, 1935. p. 2.
- "Paris Mobilizes 34,000 to Stave off Riot Day War". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 6, 1935. p. 4.
- "Paris Police Crush Holiday Rioters". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 6, 1935. pp. 1–2.
- "French Deport Aliens in Riots". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: 1. February 7, 1935.
- Planes, Alex (February 6, 2013). "The One Monopoly America Will Never Break Up". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "Avalanches Hit Central Europe; Fourteen Killed". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 7, 1935. p. 2.
- "Convict Meisner for Kidnaping John S. Labatt". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 7, 1935. p. 3.
- "Russia Elects Stalin as One of Official Rulers". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 8, 1935. p. 5.
- Duka, Cecilio D. (2008). Struggle for Freedom: A Textbook on Philippine History. Rex Publishing. p. 232. ISBN 978-971-23-5045-0.
- "Tageseinträge für 9. Februar 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- Darrah, David (February 11, 1935). "Vatican Honors Men Beheaded by Henry VIII". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.
- Schultz, Sigrid (February 11, 1935). "Catholics Again Accuse Nazis of Violating Pact". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 9.
- "Italy Orders Army of 250,000 to Africa". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 11, 1935. p. 1.
- "Macon Wrecked By Collapse of Two Gas Cells". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 13, 1935. pp. 1–2.
- "Macon Crash Third Disaster Of Kind in U.S. Navy History". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: 2. February 13, 1935.
- Edwards, Willard (February 14, 1935). "Bruno Sentenced to Death". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "French Troops Rush to Border in Ethiopia Row". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 14, 1935. p. 3.
- Schultz, Sigrid (February 16, 1935). "Germany Ready to Use Air Force to Prevent War". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2.
- "Fascist Conspiracy for Dictator in U. S. is Proved by Probe". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 15, 1935. p. 1.
- "Beg Hitler Save Girl Spies". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 17, 1935. p. 1.
- "Prepare for War in Africa! Italy Told by Il Duce". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 17, 1935. p. 3.
- "Roosevelt's Gold Policies Upheld; Billions Affected; Market Booms". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 18, 1935. p. 1.
- "Tageseinträge für 18. Februar 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "Ethiopia Warned Italy Ready for Stronger Action". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 20, 1935. p. 13.
- Mosher, Clinton L. (February 20, 1935). "Extend NRA 2 Years, Roosevelt Asks". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. 1.
- Glatzer, Nahum Norbert (1996). The Letters of Martin Buber: A Life of Dialogue. Syracuse University Press. p. 430. ISBN 978-0-8156-0420-4.
- Darrah, David (February 23, 1935). "Duce Picks Noted General to Lead Africa Campaign". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.
- "Paraguay Quits League". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 24, 1935. p. 2.
- Schultz, Sigrid (February 25, 1935). "German Pledges to be Inviolate, Hitler Declares". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2.
- "The Essential Hitler: Speeches and Commentary". Librarun. Archived from the original on July 24, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "Decrees Hitler's Birthday as Chief German Holiday". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 26, 1935. p. 2.
- "1935". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "Braves Sign Ruth as Assistant Manager". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 27, 1935. p. 19.
- "Herr Egon Kisch Agreement with Government – Must Leave at Once". The Sydney Morning Herald: 18. February 27, 1935.
- "New Deal Loses Weirton Steel Injunction Suit". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 28, 1935. p. 1.