Open main menu

Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union

The Central Executive Committee of the USSR (Russian: Центральный исполнительный комитет, СССР) was the most authoritative governing body of the USSR during the interims of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets of the USSR, existing from 1922 until 1938, when it was replaced by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of first convocation.

Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union
Центральный исполнительный комитет СССР
 Soviet Union
Coat of arms or logo
Preceded byVarious
Succeeded bySupreme Soviet of the Soviet Union


By the 1924 Soviet Constitution, the Central Executive Committee comprised two chambers: the Soviet of the Union (delegates elected directly) and the Soviet of Nationalities (delegates elected regionally). At the constituent republic level there operated a Central Executive Committee in each of the federal republics:


The Presidium of the Central Executive Committee consisted of 21 members and included the Presidium of the Soviet of the Union and the Soviet of Nationalities. A representative of each constituent republic (initially four) was elected one of the directors of the presidium.

As more entities (usually previously Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics) were promoted to the status of constituent republics of the USSR, they received representation among the directors of the Presidium:


The 1924 Soviet Constitution defined the powers of the CEC as:

See alsoEdit