Fauske is a town in Fauske Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is also the administrative centre of Fauske Municipality. The town is located on the shore of the Skjerstad Fjord, about 60 kilometres (37 mi) east of the town of Bodø and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of the border with Sweden. The lake Nervatnet lies on the southeast side of the town.
|• Total||4.52 km2 (1.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||1,395/km2 (3,610/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
The town was established as a "town" in 1998 when the municipal council of Fauske Municipality designated it as such. It is the site of the local municipal government. Fauske Church and the Fauske Upper Secondary School are both located in the town as well. A historic area in the town is also part of the Nordland Museum. There is various types of industry in Fauske, especially industries related to the local mining of marble.
The town (originally the parish) is named after the old Fauske farm (Old Norse: Fauskar), since the first Fauske Church was built there (in 1867). The name is the plural form of fauskr which means "old and rotten tree".
The town is a centre of transportation for the region. The junction of the European route E06 and Norwegian National Road 80 highways is located in the town. The Nordlandsbanen railway line also runs through the town, stopping at Fauske Station. Norwegian County Road 830 begins at Fauske and heads southwest to the Sulitjelma area.
Fauske is located inside the Arctic circle and it has 24 hours of daylight from early May to the beginning of August, with midnight sun from the beginning of June to the second week of July. The town nearly experiences polar night in December because it has sunrise at 11 am and sunset before noon. Average 24-hour temperatures in Fauske are below freezing from mid-November to the last part of March, but the ice-free Skjerstad Fjord moderates winter temperatures. Summer starts in June with moderate summer temperatures lasting until early September.
Precipitation is heaviest from September to December (usually as snow in December); average annual precipitation is 1,040 millimetres (41 in). Daytime temperatures are usually significantly warmer than the 24-hr average from March to September, while there is very little diurnal temperature variation from November to early February as the sun is very low or below the horizon all day. However, temperatures vary considerably with the weather; there might be cool westerly winds with temperatures of 10 °C (50 °F) and rain both night and day in July, and the next day might be sunny with daytime temperature reaching 25 °C (77 °F). Southwesterly winds can bring thaws anytime in winter, but not in the mountains, which usually get large amounts of snow in winter—the main reason for the large glaciers and the hydropower in the area.
|Climate data for Fauske|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−4.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||98
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2018). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
- "Fauske (Nordland)". yr.no. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
- Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2018-09-12). "Fauske – tettstedet". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
- Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 225.
- "Temperaturnormaler for Fauske i perioden 1961 - 1990". Met.no. Retrieved 4 April 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Media related to Fauske (town) at Wikimedia Commons