Faribault (// FAIR-boh) is a city in Rice County, Minnesota, United States. It is the county seat. The population was 23,352 at the 2010 census. Faribault is approximately 50 miles (80 km) south of Minneapolis and St. Paul.
|City of Faribault|
Buildings in downtown Faribault
"Faribo" "Athens of the West"
"Small Town Pride, Big City Opportunities"
|• Mayor||Kevin Voracek|
|• Total||15.44 sq mi (39.98 km2)|
|• Land||15.17 sq mi (39.29 km2)|
|• Water||0.27 sq mi (0.69 km2)|
|Elevation||994 ft (303 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,565.69/sq mi (604.50/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0643560|
Faribault is regarded as one of the most historic communities in Minnesota, with settlement and commercial activity predating Minnesota’s establishment as a U.S. Territory. Until 1745, the area was primarily occupied by the Wahpekute band of Dakotah. Shortly thereafter, the tribe was driven south after several clashes with the Ojibwe over territory.
The city's namesake, Alexander Faribault, was the son of Jean-Baptiste Faribault, a French-Canadian fur trader, and Elizabeth Pelagie Kinzie Haines, a Dakotah woman. He is credited with fueling most of the early settlement in the area, beginning in 1826, when he established a fur trading post on the banks of the Cannon River. By 1834, the trading post had grown in popularity and was relocated to the Straight River, one mile (1.6 km) upstream of its junction with the Cannon River, the site of modern-day Faribault. The young Alexander Faribault used his knowledge of Dakotah language and culture to improve relations with the displaced Wahpekute and even helped the tribe to resettle in the area. This relationship was instrumental in ensuring the success of the trading post and allowing safe travel to the area for settlers.
Another source maintains the city is named for Jean-Baptiste Faribault.
The Alexander Faribault House was built in 1853 by Alexander Faribault at a cost of $4,000. It is considered the oldest framed structure in the area, and still stands in its original location near the southeastern edge of Faribault's historic downtown district.
The years following the construction of this first building brought unprecedented growth, development, and economic prosperity to the young settlement. Spurred by the completion of the area's first steam-powered sawmill in early 1854, the next year took Faribault from a sleepy settlement of 20 buildings to a bustling town with more than 250. Historians attribute Faribault's impressive growth during this period to a number of important milestones in 1855 and 1856, including the creation of roads connecting to other settlements and trading posts in Iowa and Minnesota Territory, the availability of mail service, and the construction of schools and churches.
The City of Faribault was platted in 1855 and granted a home-rule charter in 1872.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.67 square miles (40.59 km2); 15.32 square miles (39.68 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.91 km2) is water. The confluence of the Straight River and the Cannon River is located within city limits. Sakatah Lake State Park and Nerstrand-Big Woods State Park are nearby.
Interstate Highway 35 runs along the western edge of the city. The city is served by two full interchanges and one partial interchange. Before I-35's completion, traffic was routed through town, generating significant sales revenue to the retailers that had a major highway running past their doors. In approximately 1975, the last portions of I-35 were completed and through traffic started to bypass Faribault. On that same corridor through town, the White Sands Swimming Pool ("Minnesota's Largest Outdoor Swimming Pool") operated from 1964 to 1977. This swimming area is now the White Sands Dog Park, as well as the trailhead for the Sakatah Singing Hills Trail, which runs to Mankato. The Mill Towns Trail is planned to run to Northfield. The site includes parking, restrooms and a shelter.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 23,352 people, 8,317 households, and 5,208 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,524.3 inhabitants per square mile (588.5/km2). There were 8,946 housing units at an average density of 583.9 per square mile (225.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.6% White, 7.6% African American, 0.9% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.4% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.0% of the population.
There were 8,317 households of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.12.
The median age in the city was 35.4 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.1% male and 45.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,818 people, 7,472 households, and 4,946 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,644.8 people per square mile (634.9/km²). There were 7,668 housing units at an average density of 605.8 per square mile (233.9/km²). The ethnic/racial makeup of the city was 89.87% White, 2.69% African American, 0.67% Native American, 1.83% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.33% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.90% of the population.
There were 7,472 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,865, and the median income for a family was $49,662. Males had a median income of $32,404 versus $24,046 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,610. About 5.8% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.
Faribault has the usual gamut of small-town retail and service shops. Employers also include an assortment of light manufacturing offerings.
The main street, Central Avenue, is seeing a renaissance of redevelopment with most of the historic commercial block listed on the national register of historic places. Many buildings are being restored to their original appearance. Among them is the Paradise Center for the Arts, a multipurpose art center that is the result of a merger between the Faribault Art Center and the Faribault Area Community Theatre. Two longtime Faribault retailing/shopping institutions closed: the oldest, a longtime Central Avenue fixture, Jim & Joe's Clothiers closed after 125+ years of service due to a number of related factors. The other, Minnick's Food Market, was Faribault's last mom-and-pop grocery store and closed after 60+ years of operation in late 2006.
Herbert Sellner, a woodworker and maker of water slides, invented the Tilt-A-Whirl in 1926 at his Faribault home. Over the next year, the first 14 Tilt-A-Whirls were built in Sellner's basement and yard. In 1927, Sellner Manufacturing opened its factory in Faribault, and the ride debuted that year at the Minnesota State Fair.
Founded in 1865, the Faribault Woolen Mills stayed in continuous operation until 2009. Reopened in 2011, it is one of few remaining vertical woolen mills in the United States, taking raw wool and producing finished goods.
The Minnesota State Academies for the Deaf and for the Blind, including the State Library for the Blind, are in southeastern Faribault, above the Straight River. Noyes Hall, a neoclassical building on the campus of Minnesota State Academy for the Deaf, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The building is named for Jonathon L. Noyes, the school's longtime administrator.
Shattuck-Saint Mary's is a coeducational boarding school especially noted for its Centers of Excellence program in hockey, winning numerous youth national championships and producing several NHL and Olympic team players.
South Central Community College (a Minnesota State College and University System institution) has a campus in Faribault.
The Faribault Public Schools operate an early childhood center, four elementary schools (one of which is a charter school), a middle school, Faribault High School, the Area Learning Center, and Faribault Education Center, which offers adult education. Students come from Faribault and surrounding communities and rural areas.
The Thomas Scott Buckham Memorial Library is the city library.
The Minnesota Correctional Facility - Faribault is a state prison on the campus of a former mental hospital (aka "The State Schools").
The River Bend Nature Center is a 750-acre (3.0 km2) nonprofit nature center in Faribault's southeast corner.
- Howard Bachrach (1920-2008), virologist and foot-and-mouth disease researcher
- George Ballis (1925–2010), photographer and activist whose photos documented the efforts of César Chávez and formation of United Farm Workers
- Deming Bronson (1894-1957), Medal of Honor recipient
- Stephen Chatman, Canadian composer, born in Faribault in 1950 
- Richard Cross, operatic bass-baritone 
- Mark Dusbabek, NFL player
- Patrick Eaves, National Hockey League player for Detroit Red Wings; born in Calgary, Alberta but grew up in Faribault
- Marsha Johnson Luknic (1943-1992), Minnesota state legislator and businesswoman
- Thomas Lieb (1899-1962), Olympic track and field athlete, All-American college football player and multi-sport coach
- Diana E. Murphy (1934-2018), United States judge
- Jake Petricka, pitcher for Milwaukee Brewers
- Bruce Smith, 1941 Heisman Trophy winner, played football for University of Minnesota and starred in movie Smith of Minnesota.
- Elizabeth Strohfus, aviator
- Arnin O. Sundet (1904-1980), Businessman and Minnesota state legislator
- Henry Benjamin Whipple, first Episcopal bishop of Minnesota
- Raphael Louis Zengel, Faribault-born winner of Victoria Cross for actions performed with Canadian Expeditionary Force during World War I
- Seung Wan "Wendy" Shon, member of South Korean group Red Velvet, lived in Faribault from 2007 to 2010
- Faribault web site
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 28, 2019.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Faribault Life and Times. "Alexander Faribault Before the Story: 1806-1855" <http://www.faribault.org/history2/Alex/Alex_before.html Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine>
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 123.
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 462.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1994. p. 33. ISBN 0-89933-222-6.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Huppert, Boyd (2006-05-19). "Over a century of service with a smile comes to an end". KARE 11. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- "Minnesota State Fair: Origins and Traditions | MNopedia". www.mnopedia.org. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- "Our Heritage – Faribault Mill". www.faribaultmill.com. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- "2001 Minnesota capital budget request for restoration of Noyes Hall" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-11-28. Retrieved 2007-11-04.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Faribault Heritage Preservation Commission, virtual tour, Noyes Hall". Archived from the original on 2006-09-27. Retrieved 2007-11-04.
- Faribault Public Schools.
- Public School District Attendance Areas and Educational Facility Locations
- Brown, Emma. "George 'Elfie' Ballis, 85, who photographed struggle of Cesar Chávez and migrant farmworkers, dies", The Washington Post, September 27, 2010. Accessed September 29, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Faribault, Minnesota.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Faribault.|
- City of Faribault, MN – Official Website
- Faribault Area Chamber of Commerce site
- Faribault Tourism Department – Visitor Information Website
- Faribault Public Schools